turing computability theory and applications

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Turing Computability

Author : Robert I. Soare
ISBN : 9783642319334
Genre : Computers
File Size : 22. 52 MB
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Turing's famous 1936 paper introduced a formal definition of a computing machine, a Turing machine. This model led to both the development of actual computers and to computability theory, the study of what machines can and cannot compute. This book presents classical computability theory from Turing and Post to current results and methods, and their use in studying the information content of algebraic structures, models, and their relation to Peano arithmetic. The author presents the subject as an art to be practiced, and an art in the aesthetic sense of inherent beauty which all mathematicians recognize in their subject. Part I gives a thorough development of the foundations of computability, from the definition of Turing machines up to finite injury priority arguments. Key topics include relative computability, and computably enumerable sets, those which can be effectively listed but not necessarily effectively decided, such as the theorems of Peano arithmetic. Part II includes the study of computably open and closed sets of reals and basis and nonbasis theorems for effectively closed sets. Part III covers minimal Turing degrees. Part IV is an introduction to games and their use in proving theorems. Finally, Part V offers a short history of computability theory. The author has honed the content over decades according to feedback from students, lecturers, and researchers around the world. Most chapters include exercises, and the material is carefully structured according to importance and difficulty. The book is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in computer science and mathematics and researchers engaged with computability and mathematical logic.

Computability Theory

Author : S. Barry Cooper
ISBN : 1584882379
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 55. 51 MB
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Computability theory originated with the seminal work of Gödel, Church, Turing, Kleene and Post in the 1930s. This theory includes a wide spectrum of topics, such as the theory of reducibilities and their degree structures, computably enumerable sets and their automorphisms, and subrecursive hierarchy classifications. Recent work in computability theory has focused on Turing definability and promises to have far-reaching mathematical, scientific, and philosophical consequences. Written by a leading researcher, Computability Theory provides a concise, comprehensive, and authoritative introduction to contemporary computability theory, techniques, and results. The basic concepts and techniques of computability theory are placed in their historical, philosophical and logical context. This presentation is characterized by an unusual breadth of coverage and the inclusion of advanced topics not to be found elsewhere in the literature at this level. The book includes both the standard material for a first course in computability and more advanced looks at degree structures, forcing, priority methods, and determinacy. The final chapter explores a variety of computability applications to mathematics and science. Computability Theory is an invaluable text, reference, and guide to the direction of current research in the field. Nowhere else will you find the techniques and results of this beautiful and basic subject brought alive in such an approachable and lively way.

Computability Theory

Author : Rebecca Weber
ISBN : 9780821873922
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60. 72 MB
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What can we compute--even with unlimited resources? Is everything within reach? Or are computations necessarily drastically limited, not just in practice, but theoretically? These questions are at the heart of computability theory. The goal of this book is to give the reader a firm grounding in the fundamentals of computability theory and an overview of currently active areas of research, such as reverse mathematics and algorithmic randomness. Turing machines and partial recursive functions are explored in detail, and vital tools and concepts including coding, uniformity, and diagonalization are described explicitly. From there the material continues with universal machines, the halting problem, parametrization and the recursion theorem, and thence to computability for sets, enumerability, and Turing reduction and degrees. A few more advanced topics round out the book before the chapter on areas of research. The text is designed to be self-contained, with an entire chapter of preliminary material including relations, recursion, induction, and logical and set notation and operators. That background, along with ample explanation, examples, exercises, and suggestions for further reading, make this book ideal for independent study or courses with few prerequisites.

Computability Theory

Author : Paul E. Dunne
ISBN : UOM:39015021884823
Genre : Computers
File Size : 87. 1 MB
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Computability Theory And Its Applications

Author : Peter Cholak
ISBN : 9780821819227
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60. 83 MB
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This collection of articles presents a snapshot of the status of computability theory at the end of the millennium and a list of fruitful directions for future research. The papers represent the works of experts in the field who were invited speakers at the AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Conference on Computability Theory and Applications held at the University of Colorado (Boulder). The conference focused on open problems in computability theory and on some related areas in which the ideas, methods, and/or results of computability theory play a role. Some presentations are narrowly focused; others cover a wider area. Topics included from ``pure'' computability theory are the computably enumerable degrees (M. Lerman), the computably enumerable sets (P. Cholak, R. Soare), definability issues in the c.e. and Turing degrees (A. Nies, R. Shore) and other degree structures (M. Arslanov, S. Badaev and S. Goncharov, P. Odifreddi, A. Sorbi). The topics involving relations between computability and other areas of logic and mathematics are reverse mathematics and proof theory (D. Cenzer and C. Jockusch, C. Chong and Y. Yang, H. Friedman and S. Simpson), set theory (R. Dougherty and A. Kechris, M. Groszek, T. Slaman) and computable mathematics and model theory (K. Ambos-Spies and A. Kucera, R. Downey and J. Remmel, S. Goncharov and B. Khoussainov, J. Knight, M. Peretyat'kin, A. Shlapentokh).

Turing S Revolution

Author : Giovanni Sommaruga
ISBN : 9783319221564
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 70. 67 MB
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This book provides an overview of the confluence of ideas in Turing’s era and work and examines the impact of his work on mathematical logic and theoretical computer science. It combines contributions by well-known scientists on the history and philosophy of computability theory as well as on generalised Turing computability. By looking at the roots and at the philosophical and technical influence of Turing’s work, it is possible to gather new perspectives and new research topics which might be considered as a continuation of Turing’s working ideas well into the 21st century.

Computability Theory

Author : Herbert B. Enderton
ISBN : 0123849594
Genre : Computers
File Size : 39. 91 MB
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Computability Theory: An Introduction to Recursion Theory, provides a concise, comprehensive, and authoritative introduction to contemporary computability theory, techniques, and results. The basic concepts and techniques of computability theory are placed in their historical, philosophical and logical context. This presentation is characterized by an unusual breadth of coverage and the inclusion of advanced topics not to be found elsewhere in the literature at this level. The text includes both the standard material for a first course in computability and more advanced looks at degree structures, forcing, priority methods, and determinacy. The final chapter explores a variety of computability applications to mathematics and science. Computability Theory is an invaluable text, reference, and guide to the direction of current research in the field. Nowhere else will you find the techniques and results of this beautiful and basic subject brought alive in such an approachable way. Frequent historical information presented throughout More extensive motivation for each of the topics than other texts currently available Connects with topics not included in other textbooks, such as complexity theory

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