transport development challenges in the twenty first century

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Transport Development Challenges In The Twenty First Century

Author : Monika Bąk
ISBN : 9783319268484
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 27. 72 MB
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This volume explores the field of transport sector development. Derived from the 2015 TranSopot conference held in Sopot, Poland, it discusses current trends, issues, and research on the topic. Specifically, it aims to explore sustainable development, examines current problems ranging from transport systems to transport enterprises and provides a variety of analytical methods such as economic and econometric analysis. The three most important fields of current transport research are sustainable transport development, innovation and technological progress and the conditions of transport enterprise growth and survival. Transport is an activity which is supposed to be sustainable, environmentally aware, economically optimal, socially sound and politically responsible. Striving for innovation in transport means looking for organizational and technical solutions which increase the efficiency, effectiveness and safety of transportation. However, the main research issue in the field are strategies for sustainable transport developments in urban and rural areas, instruments of internalization of external transport costs, promotion of environmentally-friendly transport behavior and improvement of transport energy efficiency. Transport infrastructure innovation, intelligent transport systems, innovations in management and finance are some of the main concerns of researchers and policy-makers in the field. Transport enterprises need to adapt to the conditions of the new economic growth perspectives. They need to create unique growth conditions, otherwise they will condemn themselves to struggle for survival. In particular, transport enterprises have to create special functioning systems and programs to diversify economic activity to use funds in the most efficient ways possible.

Planning In Taiwan

Author : Roger Bristow
ISBN : 9781136990533
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 22. 90 MB
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As a newly industrialised country with highly successful economic growth and political liberation in a short period of time, Taiwan has been viewed as a model for other aspiring countries and regions. This volume focuses on the connection between planning institution and practice and the country’s future in terms of political institutions and economic and environmental sustainability. The book starts by providing a history of planning in Taiwan and situates contemporary Taiwanese planning in the wider global context. The contributors go on to cover challenges to planning, urban change, legal planning, land problems, the development of industrial land, community planning, conservation, ecological land use, planning for natural disasters and transportation planning. The conclusion discusses the challenges for Taiwan in the twenty-first century. Planning in Taiwan will be of interest to students and academics working on comparative planning, development and politics, urban studies and conservation.

Air Transport In The 21st Century

Author : Dr George Williams
ISBN : 9781409486732
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43. 32 MB
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Airlines are buffeted by fluctuating political and economic landscapes, ever-changing competition, technology developments, globalization, increasing deregulation and evolving customer requirements. As a consequence all sectors of the air transport industry are in a constant state of flux. The principle aim of this book is to review current trends in the airline industry and its related suppliers, thereby providing an insight into the forces that are changing its dynamics. The factors that are reshaping the structure of the industry are examined with a view to identifying the key issues whose impact will be critical in the future. The book features two very distinct sections. The first contains short contributions from industry executives at CEO/VP level from airlines, aircraft/engine manufacturers, safety and navigational provider organisations, who have set out their take of where the airline industry is heading. This commercial input sets the scene for the book and provides the bridge to the second section, which is composed of 18 chapters written by distinguished academic authors. Each chapter presents a valuable insight into a specific area of the air transport industry, including: airlines, airports, cargo, deregulation, the environment, navigation, strategy, information technology, security and tourism. The shared objective of the authors is to describe and explain the core competencies that are determining the current shape of the industry and to examine the forces that will change its direction going forward. The book is written in a management style and will appeal to all levels of personnel who work for airlines across the world. It is also written for airport authorities, aerospace manufacturers, regulatory and government transportation agencies, researchers and students of aviation management, transport studies, tourism and the wider air transport industry.

The Black Metropolis In The Twenty First Century

Author : Robert Doyle Bullard
ISBN : 0742543293
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 84. 91 MB
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This book brings together key essays that seek to make visible and expand our understanding of the role of government (policies, programs, and investments) in shaping cities and metropolitan regions; the costs and consequences of uneven urban and regional growth patterns; suburban sprawl and public health, transportation, and economic development; and the enduring connection of place, space, and race in the era of increased globalization. Whether intended or unintended, many government policies (housing, transportation, land use, environmental, economic development, education, etc.) have aided and in some cases subsidized suburban sprawl, job flight, and spatial mismatch; concentrated urban poverty; and heightened racial and economic disparities. Written mostly by African American scholars, the book captures the dynamism of these meetings, describing the challenges facing cities, suburbs, and metropolitan regions as they seek to address continuing and emerging patterns of racial polarization in the twenty-first century. The book clearly shows that the United States entered the new millennium as one of the wealthiest and the most powerful nations on earth. Yet amid this prosperity, our nation is faced with some of the same challenges that confronted it at the beginning of the twentieth century, including rising inequality in income, wealth, and opportunity; economic restructuring; immigration pressures and ethnic tension; and a widening gap between 'haves' and 'have-nots.' Clearly, race matters. Place also matters. Where we live impacts the quality of our lives and chances for the 'good life.'

Alternative Cars In The 21st Century

Author : Robert Q. Riley
ISBN : 0768008743
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 32. 33 MB
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The 21st century has arrived, and alternative cars are proving to be a significant presence on showroom floors and highways throughout the world. In 1994, Robert Q. Riley accurately forecast the necessity of alternative automobiles, in the first edition of this important publication, and the second edition of Alternative Cars in the 21st Century: A New Personal Transportation Paradigm offers considerably more information. Intelligent transportation systems and hybrid vehicles are granted elevated emphasis as their usefulness has been clearly proven in current vehicles, designs. Alternative fuels are examined in depth, including hydrogen as a fuel and the most recent hot topic, fuel cell technology. The latest developments touting the benefits and challenges of three-wheel cars are presented in a thorough and interesting chapter. The second edition of Alternative Cars in the 21st Century: A New Personal Transportation Paradigm provides an abundance of critical knowledge for engineering professionals and consumers alike, offering a brighter alternative future through better alternative cars.Contents Include: Personal Mobility in Crisis Personal Mobility Vehicles for the 21st Century The Technology of Fuel Economy Alternative Fuels Electric and Hybrid Vehicles Three Wheel Cars Intelligent Transportation Systems Alternative Cars in Europe.

Africa S Development In The Twenty First Century

Author : Kwadwo Konadu-Agyemang
ISBN : 0754644782
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65. 16 MB
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Having been under colonial rule for the first half of the century, by 1965 all but a handful of African countries had regained their independence and were poised to take off into an era of development. However, Africa now suffers from the most acute form of underdevelopment anywhere in the world. Bringing together a broad selection of case studies covering a wide range of key issues, this volume provides a multidisciplinary exploration of Africa's development opportunities and challenges into the twenty-first century.

Urban Future 21

Author : Peter Geoffrey Hall
ISBN : 0415240751
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53. 4 MB
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Prepared for the World Commission on Twenty-First Century Urbanization Conference in Berlin in July 2000. This book is an entirely new and comprehensive review of the state of world urban development at the millennium and a forecast of the main issues that will dominate urban debates in the next 25 years. It is the most significant book on cities and city planning problems to appear for many years.

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