transforming payment systems in europe

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Transforming Payment Systems

Author : Setsuya Sat?
ISBN : 0821333550
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 26. 44 MB
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Emphasizes the importance of designing a well-functioning intergovernmental fiscal system for achieving the reform objectives of economies in transition. This study explores the issues involved in redesigning intergovernmental relations in Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine, where extensive political and fiscal decentralization is now underway. The volume focuses on the elements of decentralization in the transitional economies that distinguish them from those in the rest of the world. The book shows that in the transition from a command to a market economy, designing a well-functioning intergovernmental fiscal system is a prerequisite for achieving other reform objectives: macroeconomic stability, private sector development, and a social safety net for those hurt by the transition. The study further demonstrates that a broader analytical framework than is conventionally involved in the study of intergovernmental finance is needed for analyzing fiscal issues in these economies.

Transforming Europe

Author : Maria Green Cowles
ISBN : 0801486718
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 70. 89 MB
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Does the European Union change the domestic politics and institutions of its member states? Many studies of EU decisionmaking in Brussels pay little attention to the potential domestic impact of European integration. Transforming Europe traces the effects of Europeanization on the EU member states. The various chapters, based on cutting-edge research, examine the impact of the EU on national court systems, territorial politics, societal networks, public discourse, identity, and citizenship norms.The European Union, the authors find, does indeed make a difference—even in Germany, France, and the United Kingdom. In many cases EU rules and regulations incompatible with domestic institutions have created pressure for national governments to adapt. This volume examines the conditions under which this "adaptational pressure" has led to institutional change in the member states.

Postsocialist Pathways

Author : David Stark
ISBN : 0521589746
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 25. 73 MB
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Can property regimes be successfully transformed while simultaneously extending citizenship rights to the property-less? This is the postsocialist challenge analyzed in this comparative study of the new democracies of a distinctly East European capitalism. Tracing the diverse pathways from the collapse of communism, a leading American economic sociologist and a pioneering Hungarian political scientist examine the innovative character, born of necessity, of postsocialist institutions in which actors are recombining economic assets and redefining political resources. Under conditions of extraordinary uncertainty, networks of enterprises become the units of economic restructuring, blurring the boundaries of public and private and yielding distinctive patterns of interorganizational ownership. In contrast to calls to liberate the market or to liberate the state, this sustained comparative analysis demonstrates the benefits of deliberative institutions that are neither market friendly nor hierarchical. By extending accountability, actors bound through associative ties make agreements that extend the authority to carry out reforms.

Payment Systems

Author : David B. Humphrey
ISBN : 0821331116
Genre : Banks and banking, International
File Size : 33. 81 MB
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World Bank Technical Paper No. 260. An efficient payment system is a necessary precondition for business development. This study outlines the basic operating principles of a payment system and reviews its benefits, costs, risks, and problems. It examines in detail the systems currently in place in the developed economies of Europe and the United States and draws from the analyses to support recommendations for restructuring those systems in developing countries. The study reviews the various types of payment practices that exist in mature systems including cash, check, GIRO, debit and credit card, direct debit, and large-value wire transfers. A range of short- and long-term improvements in payment systems are recommended for developing countries. There is a special focus on the Russian payment system and the problems it faces in transition from a centrally planned to an market economy.

Socialism Capitalism Transformation

Author : Leszek Balcerowicz
ISBN : UOM:39015037256685
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 81. 77 MB
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This volume gathers together essays on the theme of economic transition in Central and Eastern Europe, written by the Polish Minister of Finance. In it, the author summarizes the research on institutions, institutional change and human behaviour that he has undertaken since the late 1970s. He addresses such issues as the socialist market economy, reformability of the Soviet-type economic system, democratization and market-orientated reform in Central and Eastern Europe, and the Polish model of economic reform.

Designing And Implementing Health Care Provider Payment Systems

Author : Jack Langenbrunner
ISBN : 9780821378243
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80. 85 MB
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Strategic purchasing of health services involves a continuous search for the best ways to maximize health system performance by deciding which interventions should be purchased, from whom these should be purchased, and how to pay for them. In such an arrangement, the passive cashier is replaced by an intelligent purchaser that can focus scarce resources on existing and emerging priorities rather than continuing entrenched historical spending patterns.Having experimented with different ways of paying providers of health care services, countries increasingly want to know not only what to do when paying providers, but also how to do it, particularly how to design, manage, and implement the transition from current to reformed systems. 'Designing and Implementing Health Care Provider Payment Systems: How-To Manuals' addresses this need.The book has chapters on three of the most effective provider payment systems: primary care per capita (capitation) payment, case-based hospital payment, and hospital global budgets. It also includes a primer on a second policy lever used by purchasers, namely, contracting. This primer can be especially useful with one provider payment method: hospital global budgets. The volume's final chapter provides an outline for designing, launching, and running a health management information system, as well as the necessary infrastructure for strategic purchasing.

Food Movements Unite

Author : Samir Amin
ISBN : 9780935028393
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53. 1 MB
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Food Movements Unite! Strategies to transform our food systems The present corporate food regime dominating the planetÕs food systems is environmentally destructive, financially volatile and socially unjust. Though the regimeÕs contributions to the planetÕs four-fold food-fuel-finance and climate crises are well documented, the ÒsolutionsÓ advanced by our national and global institutions reinforce the same destructive technological path, the same global market fundamentalism, and the same unregulated consolidation of corporate power in the food system that brought us the crisis in the first place. A dynamic global food movement has risen up in the face of this sustained corporate assault on our food systems. Around the world, local food justice activists have taken back pieces of the food system through local gardening, organic farming, community-supported agriculture, farmers markets, and locally-owned processing and retail operations. Food sovereignty advocates have organized locally and internationally for land reform, the end of destructive free trade agreements, and support for family farmers, women and peasants. Protests againstÑand viable alternatives toÑthe expansion of GMOs, agrofuels, land grabs and the oligopolistic control of our food, are growing everywhere every day, giving the impression that food movements are literally Òbreaking through the asphaltÓ of a reified corporate food regime. The social and political convergence of the ÒpractitionersÓ and ÒadvocatesÓ in these food movements is also well underway, as evidenced by the growing trend in local-regional food policy councils in the US, coalitions for food sovereignty spreading across Latin America, Africa, Asia and Europe, and the increasing attention to practical-political solutions to the food crisis appearing in academic literature and the popular media. The global food movement springs from strong commitments to food justice, food democracy and food sovereignty on the part of thousands of farmers unions, consumer groups, faith-based, civil society and community organizations across the urban-rural and north-south divides of our food systems. This magnificent Òmovement of movementsÓ is widespread, highly diverse, refreshingly creativeÑand politically amorphous. Food Movements Unite! is a collection of essays by food movement leaders from around the world that all seek to answer the perennial political question: What is to be done? The answersÑfrom the multiple perspectives of community food security activists, peasants and family farm leaders, labor activists, and leading food systems analystsÑwill lay out convergent strategies for the fair, sustainable, and democratic transformation of our food systems. Authors will address the corporate food regime head on, arguing persuasively not only for specific changes to the way our food is produced, processed, distributed and consumed, but specifying how these changes may come about, politically.

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