through the eye of a needle wealth the fall of rome and the making of christianity in the west 350 550 ad

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Through The Eye Of A Needle

Author : Peter Brown
ISBN : 9781400844531
Genre : History
File Size : 82. 30 MB
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Jesus taught his followers that it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter heaven. Yet by the fall of Rome, the church was becoming rich beyond measure. Through the Eye of a Needle is a sweeping intellectual and social history of the vexing problem of wealth in Christianity in the waning days of the Roman Empire, written by the world's foremost scholar of late antiquity. Peter Brown examines the rise of the church through the lens of money and the challenges it posed to an institution that espoused the virtue of poverty and called avarice the root of all evil. Drawing on the writings of major Christian thinkers such as Augustine, Ambrose, and Jerome, Brown examines the controversies and changing attitudes toward money caused by the influx of new wealth into church coffers, and describes the spectacular acts of divestment by rich donors and their growing influence in an empire beset with crisis. He shows how the use of wealth for the care of the poor competed with older forms of philanthropy deeply rooted in the Roman world, and sheds light on the ordinary people who gave away their money in hopes of treasure in heaven. Through the Eye of a Needle challenges the widely held notion that Christianity's growing wealth sapped Rome of its ability to resist the barbarian invasions, and offers a fresh perspective on the social history of the church in late antiquity.

Through The Eye Of A Needle

Author : Peter Brown
ISBN : 9780691152905
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 44. 67 MB
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Traces the intellectual and social history of wealth in the early Christian church, examining the financial rise of the church and its effects on the waning Roman empire as well as the church's own beliefs on poverty.

Through The Eye Of A Needle

Author : Peter Brown
ISBN : 0691161771
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 48. 30 MB
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Traces the intellectual and social history of wealth in the early Christian church, examining the financial rise of the church and its effects on the waning Roman empire as well as the church's own beliefs on poverty.

The Ransom Of The Soul

Author : Peter Brown
ISBN : 9780674967588
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 17 MB
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Peter Brown explores a revolutionary shift in thinking about the fate of the soul between 250 and 650 CE, showing how personal wealth in the pursuit of redemption led Church doctrine concerning the afterlife to evolve from speculation to firm reality. This new relationship to money set the stage for the Church’s domination of medieval society.

Treasure In Heaven

Author : Peter Brown
ISBN : 0813938287
Genre : History
File Size : 37. 26 MB
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The "holy poor" have long maintained an elite status within Christianity. Differing from the "real" poor, these clergymen, teachers, and ascetics have historically been viewed by their fellow Christians as persons who should receive material support in exchange for offering immeasurable immaterial benefits--teaching, preaching, and prayer. Supporting them--quite as much as supporting the real poor--has been a way to accumulate eventual treasure in heaven. Yet from the rise of Christian monasticism in Egypt and Syria to present day, Christians have argued fiercely about whether monks should work to support themselves. In Treasure in Heaven, renowned historian Peter Brown shifts attention from Western to Eastern Christianity, introducing us to this smoldering debate that took place across the entire Middle East from the Euphrates to the Nile. Seen against the backdrop of Asia, Christianity might have opted for a Buddhist model by which holy monks lived by begging alone. Instead, the monks of Egypt upheld an alternative model that linked the monk to humanity and the monastery to society through acceptance of the common, human bond of work. This model of Third World Christianity--a Christianity that we all too easily associate with the West--eventually became the basis for the monasticism of western Europe, as well as for modern Western attitudes to charity and labor. In Treasure in Heaven, Brown shows how and why we are still living--at times uncomfortably--with that choice.

The Rise Of Western Christendom

Author : Peter Brown
ISBN : 9781118301265
Genre : History
File Size : 58. 10 MB
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This substantial and comprehensive overview of the emergence of Christian Europe is reprinted to coincide with the tenth anniversary of its superb second edition (itself virtually a different book from the first edition). Brown's synthesis asks the reader to re-evaluate their view of the political and cultural make-up of Europe between 200 and 1000 AD. It also stresses the need to recognise the influence of Mediterranean and Byzantine cultures on Europe's evolution, as well as the wider Eurasian and even Chinese context. Chronological sections examine the aftermath of the Roman empire and the diversity of emergent Christianities; divergent forms of theology and emphasis in the city and in the desert; monasticism; the differences and similiarities between the Christianity of Continental Europe and Ireland; Christianity in Asia and the rise of Islam; Britain; Byzantine iconoclasm and the new Carolingian Christian empire. This tenth anniversary edition contains an extensive new preface, in which Peter Brown reflects on the last ten years of early medieval scholarship, and the relevance of the themes which his covers to the wider modern world.

Power And Persuasion In Late Antiquity

Author : Peter Brown
ISBN : 0299133443
Genre : History
File Size : 58. 59 MB
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Peter Brown, perhaps the greatest living authority on Mediterranean civilization in late antiquity, traces the growing power of Christian bishops as they wrested influence from philosophers, who had traditionally advised the rulers of Graeco-Roman society. In the new "Christian empire," the ancient bonds of citizen to citizen and of each city to its benefactors were replaced by a common Christianity and common loyalty to a distant, Christian autocrat. This transformation of the Roman empire from an ancient to a medieval society, he argues, is among the most far-reaching consequences of the rise of Christianity.

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