the new york city subway the history of americas largest and most famous subway system

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The Routes Not Taken

Author : Joseph B. Raskin
ISBN : 9780823253746
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 21. 93 MB
Format : PDF
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Delves deep into the underbelly of the NYC subway system to reveal the tunnels and stations that might have been. Robert A. Van Wyck, mayor of the greater city of New York, broke ground for the first subway line by City Hall on March 24, 1900. It took four years, six months, and twenty-three days to build the line from City Hall to West 145th Street in Harlem. Things rarely went that quickly ever again. The Routes Not Taken explores the often dramatic stories behind the unbuilt or unfinished subway lines, shedding light on a significant part of New York City's history that has been almost completely ignored until now. Home to one of the world's largest subway systems, New York City made constant efforts to expand its underground labyrinth, efforts that were often met with unexpected obstacles: financial shortfalls, clashing agendas of mayors and borough presidents, battles with local community groups, and much more. After discovering a copy of the 1929 subway expansion map, author Joseph Raskin began his own investigation into the city's underbelly. Using research from libraries, historical societies, and transit agencies throughout the New York metropolitan area, Raskin provides a fascinating history of the Big Apple's unfinished business that until now has been only tantalizing stories retold by public-transit experts. The Routes Not Taken sheds light on the tunnels and stations that were completed for lines that were never fulfilled: the efforts to expand the Hudson tubes into a fullfledged subway; the Flushing line, and why it never made it past Flushing; a platform underneath Brooklyn's Nevins Street station that has remained unused for more than a century; and the 2nd Avenue line long the symbol of dashed dreams deferred countless times since the original plans were presented in 1929. Raskin also reveals the figures and personalities involved, including why Fiorello LaGuardia could not grasp the importance of subway lines and why Robert Moses found them to be old and boring. By focusing on the unbuilt lines, Raskin illustrates how the existing subway system is actually a Herculean feat of countless political compromises. Filled with illustrations of the extravagant expansion plans, The Routes Not Taken provides an enduring contribution to the transportation history of New York City.

722 Miles

Author : Clifton Hood
ISBN : 0801880548
Genre : History
File Size : 25. 76 MB
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A thorough history follows the evolution of the New York subway system from visionary idea, through political machinations and feats of urban planning, to engineering reality, and looks at the diverse ways in which mass transportation has shaped New York City and the lives of its inhabitants. Reprint.

The Race Underground

Author : Doug Most
ISBN : 9781466842007
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 20. 95 MB
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In the late nineteenth century, as cities like Boston and New York grew more congested, the streets became clogged with plodding, horse-drawn carts. When the great blizzard of 1888 crippled the entire northeast, a solution had to be found. Two brothers from one of the nation's great families-Henry Melville Whitney of Boston and William Collins Whitney of New York-pursued the dream of his city digging America's first subway, and the great race was on. The competition between Boston and New York played out in an era not unlike our own, one of economic upheaval, life-changing innovations, class warfare, bitter political tensions, and the question of America's place in the world.The Race Underground is peopled with the famous, like Boss Tweed, Grover Cleveland and Thomas Edison, and the not-so-famous, from brilliant engineers to the countless "sandhogs" who shoveled, hoisted and blasted their way into the earth's crust, sometimes losing their lives in the construction of the tunnels. Doug Most chronicles the science of the subway, looks at the centuries of fears people overcame about traveling underground and tells a story as exciting as any ever ripped from the pages of U.S. history. The Race Underground is a great American saga of two rival American cities, their rich, powerful and sometimes corrupt interests, and an invention that changed the lives of millions.

Automated Fare Collection System Urban Public Transportation

Author : Clifford N. Opurum
ISBN : 9781466913912
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 88. 39 MB
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With its unique features (presented in nine chapters grouped into five major parts), Automated Fare Collection System And Urban Public Transit: An Economic & Management Approach To Urban Transit Systems provides a wealth of resourceful information to everyone with interest in mass transit: Part I: Public Transportation, Urban Economy And Automation in Fare Collection Part II: Models of Transportation Pricing Part III: Transportation Research Methods And Models Part IV: Approaches And Trends in Urban Transit Ridership Part V: Epilogue In these parts of the book, Clifford N. Opurum reveals the impact of the automated fare collection system on mass transit and particularly, on the New York City rail rapid transit system. Various effective urban public transportation pricing techniques are presented. Transportation research methods and models including the alogit model and different approaches to transportation research analysis are featured. Alternative scenarios of cost-benefit analysis (CBA) are used extensively along with other feasibility studies strategies to determine the economic and social benefits of the automated fare collection system. The author concludes that as in the case of other industrial sectors, the financial health of the transit industry is very much dependent upon the level of transit patronage, and that automation in fare collection has further encouraged the later. Furthermore, he added that automated fare collection (AFC) is preferred over the mechanical system of fare collection and will make positive impact on both transit ridership and revenue, if efficiently operated. Finally, he stressed that society would be better off financially if the benefits of automation in transit fare collection are fully utilized, and that automation in fare collection has in deed influenced the travel pattern of most mass transit patrons.

Icons Of The American Marketplace

Author : American Benchmark Press
ISBN : UCSC:32106017051332
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 57. 3 MB
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"Here are the stories of iconic products along with anecdotes highlighting what made them shine above the rest. A vivid color photograph that captures the essence of the brand accompanies each story. Listings containing the "vital statistics" of each brand - who owns the company, where it is located, its number of employees, annual sales, and top managers - make this an indispensable reference."--BOOK JACKET.

Fixing Broken Windows

Author : George L. Kelling
ISBN : 9780684837383
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83. 81 MB
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Cites successful examples of community-based policing

The New York Subway

Author : Brian J. Cudahy
ISBN : 0823224015
Genre : History
File Size : 36. 96 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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When the first cars of New York's new underground railroad left City Hall station on October 27, 1904, they were the property of a private firm called the Interborough Rapid Transit, running on public tracks. The IRT realized what seemed an impossible dream for more than 30 years - financing, designing, and building an underground railroad that ran from lower Manhattan right to the Bronx. Ground was broken in 1900; four years later, New Yorkers would ride uptown and down on the rapid transit railroad they called "the subway." Here, in 12 chapters, is the definitive story of the design, planning, and construction of everything that went underground - from the routes under Broadway to descriptions of the maneuvering around the intricate network of sewers, water and gas mains, steam pipes, and tunnels along the way. The photographs, maps, schematics, elevations, and other illustrations are accompanied by the IRT's own clear, comprehensive narrative, many charts and tables, and a new introduction by Brian Cudahy.

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