the middle east economies in times of transition

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The Middle East Economies In Times Of Transition

Author : Ahmed Galal
ISBN : 9781137529770
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 28. 12 MB
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Diwan and Galal looks at the structure and prospects of the Middle East economies after the 2011 Uprisings, focusing on issues of economic growth, inequality, the impact of oil, and the unfolding political transitions. On the growth question, the book looks into the extent of structural transformation of the economy, the political economy reasons for the lack of structural change, and the external conditions in the EU and in the GCC that underpin the lack of structural change. On inequality, the book offers new measures of equality of opportunity in human development and in the job market, and it also reviews the complex political economy of subsidy removal. Regarding natural resources, the volume provides three innovations: connecting the notion of 'oil curse' to the global phenomena of asset bubbles; evidence that resource curse effects do not rise monotonically with the size of the resource rent, but rather, according to an inverted U shape; and an extension of the concept of rent to the other non-oil rents that are also predominant in the region. Finally, the volume places the political transition in the region in a global perspective using various methods – theoretical, comparative, and empirical, and it explores the relationship between democracy in its variety of forms and economic development.

Saudi Arabia In Transition

Author : Bernard Haykel
ISBN : 9781107006294
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40. 42 MB
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"Making sense of Saudi Arabia is crucially important today. The kingdom's western province contains the heart of Islam, and it is the United States' closest Arab ally and the largest producer of oil in the world. However, the country is undergoing rapid change: its aged leadership is ceding power to a new generation, and its society, dominated by young people, is restive. Saudi Arabia has long remained closed to foreign scholars, with a select few academics allowed into the kingdom over the past decade. This book presents the fruits of their research as well as those of the most prominent Saudi academics in the field. This volume focuses on different sectors of Saudi society and examines how the changes of the past few decades have affected each. It reflects new insights and provides the most up-to-date research on the country's social, cultural, economic and political dynamics"--

After The Spring

Author : Magdi Amin
ISBN : 9780199924929
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 87. 86 MB
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This volume examines the economic problems of Arab countries following the Arab Spring. The authors argue that reforms need to accomplish four objectives: more opportunities for youth, modernization of the state, creation of a competitive private economy, and integration of Arab countries with the global economy.

Securing Peace In The Middle East

Author : Stanley Fischer
ISBN : 0262061686
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 76. 28 MB
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Based on the joint efforts of Israelis, Jordanians, and Palestinians, in conjunction with economists from Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, this book describes a cohesive plan for an integrated Middle East economy. It specifies actions and studies in areas where there are pressing and important issues, and where rapid progress is possible. Specifically, the plan assumes Palestinian economic sovereignty in the West Bank and Gaza. It calls for a market-driven economy and free trade among the three economies, and regional projects to further develop shared interests. Additional recommendations call for the Palestinians to take over the existing Civil Administration in the West Bank and Gaza, expansion of the financial sector, and removal of the restrictions on Palestinian employment in Israel to allow as many as 100,000 Palestinians to work there.

Aiding Democracy Abroad

Author : Thomas Carothers
ISBN : 9780870033414
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 40. 48 MB
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Aid to promote democracy abroad has emerged as a major growth industry in recent years. Not only the United States but many other Western countries, international institutions, and private foundations today use aid to support democratic transitions in Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Middle East. Though extensive in scope, these activities remain little understood outside the realm of specialists. Debates among policymakers over democracy promotion oscillate between unhelpful poles of extreme skepticism and unrealistic boosterism, while the vast majority of citizens in aid-providing countries have little awareness of the democracy-building efforts their governments sponsor. Aiding Democracy Abroad is the first independent, comprehensive assessment of this important new field. Drawing on extensive field research and years of hands-on experience, Thomas Carothers examines democracy-aid programs relating to elections, political parties, governmental reform, rule of law, civil society, independent media, labor unions, decentralization, and other elements of what he describes as "the democracy template" that policymakers and aid officials apply around the world. Steering a careful path between the inflated claims of aid advocates and the exaggerated criticisms of their opponents, Carothers takes a hard look at what such programs achieve and how they can be improved.

Sacred Economics

Author : Charles Eisenstein
ISBN : 9781583943984
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 68. 6 MB
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Sacred Economics traces the history of money from ancient gift economies to modern capitalism, revealing how the money system has contributed to alienation, competition, and scarcity, destroyed community, and necessitated endless growth. Today, these trends have reached their extreme—but in the wake of their collapse, we may find great opportunity to transition to a more connected, ecological, and sustainable way of being. This book is about how the money system will have to change—and is already changing—to embody this transition. A broadly integrated synthesis of theory, policy, and practice, Sacred Economics explores avant-garde concepts of the New Economics, including negative-interest currencies, local currencies, resource-based economics, gift economies, and the restoration of the commons. Author Charles Eisenstein also considers the personal dimensions of this transition, speaking to those concerned with "right livelihood" and how to live according to their ideals in a world seemingly ruled by money. Tapping into a rich lineage of conventional and unconventional economic thought, Sacred Economics presents a vision that is original yet commonsense, radical yet gentle, and increasingly relevant as the crises of our civilization deepen. Sacred Economics official website: http://sacred-economics.com/ About the Imprint: EVOLVER EDITIONS promotes a new counterculture that recognizes humanity's visionary potential and takes tangible, pragmatic steps to realize it. EVOLVER EDITIONS explores the dynamics of personal, collective, and global change from a wide range of perspectives. EVOLVER EDITIONS is an imprint of North Atlantic Books and is produced in collaboration with Evolver, LLC. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Understanding The Political Economy Of The Arab Uprisings

Author : Ishac Diwan
ISBN : 9789814596022
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31. 28 MB
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For the millions of citizens in the Arab World who came together in 2010–2011 to discover their common yearning for dignity and liberty, the real revolutions only began after the wave of protests. Understanding the Political Economy of the Arab Uprisings reassess the interests, potential and constraints of various socio-political players and their importance in the building of a constructive environment for democratic progress in the Middle East. Initiated by the Cairo-based Economic Research Forum and edited by Ishac Diwan, this invaluable volume features contributions by Middle East academics across the world. They examine the reasons behind the uprisings, how democratic transitions transpire, the role of Arab capitalism in the crises, and how the experiences of other countries such as Indonesia, Turkey and Iran, can forecast where these uprisings may lead the Middle East in the years to come. Contents:PrefaceIntroductionThe Genesis of the Uprisings:The Political Economy of Arab Presidents for Life — and After (Roger Owen)Understanding Revolution in the Middle East: The Central Role of the Middle Class (Ishac Diwan)The Making of the Tunisian Revolution (Fadhel Kaboub)A Transition to Democracy?:On the Determinants of Democratic Transitions (Caroline Freund and Melise Jaud)Islamists in Power? Inclusion, Moderation, and the Arab Uprisings (Jillian Schwedler)Arab Capitalism in Crisis:Detecting Corruption and Evaluating Programs to Control It: Some Lessons for MENA (Jeffrey B Nugent)Enhancing Competition in a Post-Revolutionary Arab Context: Does the Turkish Experience Provide Any Lessons? (Izak Atiyas)Lessons from Elsewhere:Political and Economic Developments in Turkey and The Transformation of Political Islam (1950–2010) (Hasan Ersel)Social Order, Rents, and Economic Development in Iran Since the Early 20th Century (Hadi S Esfahani & Esra Ç Gürakar)What Happened in the Early Years of Democracy: Indonesia's Experience (Akhmad R Shidiq and Philips J Vermonte) Readership: Graduate and research students, political scientists, economists, social scientists who specialize in the political economy of the Middle East and current affairs in the MENA Region. Key Features:Written by distinguished Middle East scholars from around the worldTimely topic with the aftermath of Arab revolutions still unfoldingGoes beyond the political perspective of the uprisings (which is what many books tend to focus on), and provides analyses on socio-economic and political-economic aspects of eventsKeywords:Political Economy;Democracy;Transitions;MENA;Arab Spring;Tunisia;Egypt;Libya;Turkey;Yemen;Indonesia;Revolutions;Political Islam;The Middle East;Islamists;Corruption;Competition;Iran;Social Order;Rents;Economic DevelopmentReviews: “How are we to understand the origins and consequences of the momentous changes which have rocked the Middle East in the past four years? This book brings together some of the most insightful scholars of the region to begin to distill some of the lessons from this experience. It takes on board the extent of the variation and the rich historical legacies. An important and fascinating work.” James A Robinson David Florence Professor of Government Harvard University “This is an important book for those are interested in the Arab region and recent ground-breaking events. Ishac Diwan and his colleagues have made a great contribution by providing deep and thought-provoking perspectives on the causes and implications of the so-called Arab Spring.” Mustapha Kamel Nabli Former Governor, Central Bank of Tunisia “… efforts to understand why the uprisings took place, and what effects they have had so far, are of the greatest importance … The contributors to this volume are to be congratulated for the many skillful ways they use a Political Economy approach to provide trenchant evidence …” Roger Owen A J Meyer Professor Emeritus of Middle East History Harvard University “This volume makes a valuable contribution to the growing literature on the Arab uprisings.” Middle East Media and Book Reviews Online “It includes the most commentary on the structural factors behind the uprisings, and a credible hypothesis emerges from some of its essays: in recent decades, neoliberal reforms enacted by Arab states combined with corrupt privatization schemes and crony capitalism to undermine the economic base of the middle class to ally with the lower-middle class and the poor.” Foreign Affairs

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