the kings two bodies a study in medieval political theology

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The King S Two Bodies

Author : Ernst Kantorowicz
ISBN : 9781400880782
Genre : History
File Size : 51. 3 MB
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Originally published in 1957, this classic work has guided generations of scholars through the arcane mysteries of medieval political theology. Throughout history, the notion of two bodies has permitted the post mortem continuity of monarch and monarchy, as epitomized by the statement, "The king is dead. Long live the king." In The King's Two Bodies, Ernst Kantorowicz traces the historical problem posed by the "King's two bodies"--the body natural and the body politic--back to the Middle Ages and demonstrates, by placing the concept in its proper setting of medieval thought and political theory, how the early-modern Western monarchies gradually began to develop a "political theology." The king's natural body has physical attributes, suffers, and dies, naturally, as do all humans; but the king's other body, the spiritual body, transcends the earthly and serves as a symbol of his office as majesty with the divine right to rule. The notion of the two bodies allowed for the continuity of monarchy even when the monarch died, as summed up in the formulation "The king is dead. Long live the king." Bringing together liturgical works, images, and polemical material, The King's Two Bodies explores the long Christian past behind this "political theology." It provides a subtle history of how commonwealths developed symbolic means for establishing their sovereignty and, with such means, began to establish early forms of the nation-state. Kantorowicz fled Nazi Germany in 1938, after refusing to sign a Nazi loyalty oath, and settled in the United States. While teaching at the University of California, Berkeley, he once again refused to sign an oath of allegiance, this one designed to identify Communist Party sympathizers. He was dismissed as a result of the controversy and moved to the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, where he remained for the rest of his life, and where he wrote The King's Two Bodies. Featuring a new introduction, The King's Two Bodies is a subtle history of how commonwealths developed symbolic means for establishing their sovereignty and, with such means, began to establish early forms of the nation-state.

The King S Two Bodies

Author : Ernst Hartwig Kantorowicz
ISBN : 0691017042
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 60. 67 MB
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First published in 1957, Ernst Kantorowicz's THE KING'S TWO BODIES traces the "King's two bodies", the body politic and the body natural, back to the Middle Ages. By placing the concept in its proper setting of medieval thought and political theory, Kantorowicz demonstrates how the early-modern Western monarchies gradually began to develop a "political theology". illustrations.

The King S Two Bodies

Author : Ernst Kantorowicz
ISBN : 0691169233
Genre :
File Size : 45. 18 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Originally published in 1957, this classic work has guided generations of scholars through the arcane mysteries of medieval political theology. Throughout history, the notion of two bodies has permitted the post mortem continuity of monarch and monarchy, as epitomized by the statement, "The king is dead. Long live the king." In The King's Two Bodies, Ernst Kantorowicz traces the historical dilemma posed by the "King's two bodies"--the body natural and the body politic--back to the Middle Ages. The king's natural body has physical attributes, suffers, and dies, as do all humans; however the king's spiritual body transcends the earth and serves as a symbol of his office as majesty with the divine right to rule. Bringing together liturgical works, images, and polemical material, Kantorowicz demonstrates how early modern Western monarchies gradually began to develop a political theology. Featuring a new introduction and preface, The King's Two Bodies is a subtle history of how commonwealths developed symbolic means for establishing their sovereignty and, with such means, began to establish early forms of the nation-state.

The Art Of Law In Shakespeare

Author : Paul Raffield
ISBN : 9781509905492
Genre : Law
File Size : 27. 41 MB
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Through an examination of five plays by Shakespeare, Paul Raffield analyses the contiguous development of common law and poetic drama during the first decade of Jacobean rule. The broad premise of The Art of Law in Shakespeare is that the 'artificial reason' of law was a complex art form that shared the same rhetorical strategy as the plays of Shakespeare. Common law and Shakespearean drama of this period employed various aesthetic devices to capture the imagination and the emotional attachment of their respective audiences. Common law of the Jacobean era, as spoken in the law courts, learnt at the Inns of Court and recorded in the law reports, used imagery that would have been familiar to audiences of Shakespeare's plays. In its juridical form, English law was intrinsically dramatic, its adversarial mode of expression being founded on an agonistic model. Conversely, Shakespeare borrowed from the common law some of its most critical themes: justice, legitimacy, sovereignty, community, fairness, and (above all else) humanity. Each chapter investigates a particular aspect of the common law, seen through the lens of a specific play by Shakespeare. Topics include the unprecedented significance of rhetorical skills to the practice and learning of common law (Love's Labour's Lost); the early modern treason trial as exemplar of the theatre of law (Macbeth); the art of law as the legitimate distillation of the law of nature (The Winter's Tale); the efforts of common lawyers to create an image of nationhood from both classical and Judeo-Christian mythography (Cymbeline); and the theatrical device of the island as microcosm of the Jacobean state and the project of imperial expansion (The Tempest).

Searching For The State In British Legal Thought

Author : Janet McLean
ISBN : 9781139789561
Genre : Law
File Size : 75. 81 MB
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Janet McLean explores how the common law has personified the state and how those personifications affect and reflect the state's relationship to bureaucracy, sovereignty and civil society, the development of public law norms, the expansion and contraction of the public sphere with nationalization and privatization, state responsibility and human rights. Treating legal thought as a variety of political thought, she discusses writers such as Austin, Maitland, Dicey, Laski, Robson, Hart, Griffith, Mitchell and Hayek in the context of both legal doctrine and broader intellectual movements.

Political Theology And Early Modernity

Author : Graham Hammill
ISBN : 9780226314990
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 70. 34 MB
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Political theology is a distinctly modern problem, one that takes shape in some of the most important theoretical writings of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. But its origins stem from the early modern period, in medieval iconographies of sacred kinship and the critique of traditional sovereignty mounted by Hobbes and Spinoza. In this book, Graham Hammill and Julia Reinhard Lupton assemble established and emerging scholars in early modern studies to examine the role played by sixteenth- and seventeenth-century literature and thought in modern conceptions of political theology. Political Theology and Early Modernity explores texts by Shakespeare, Machiavelli, Milton, and others that have served as points of departure for such thinkers as Schmitt, Strauss, Benjamin, and Arendt. Written from a spectrum of positions ranging from renewed defenses of secularism to attempts to reconceive the religious character of collective life and literary experience, these essays probe moments of productive conflict, disavowal, and entanglement in politics and religion as they pass between early modern and modern scenes of thought. This stimulating collection is the first to answer not only how Renaissance and baroque literature help explain the persistence of political theology in modernity and postmodernity, but also how the reemergence of political theology as an intellectual and political problem deepens our understanding of the early modern period.

Ernst Kantorowicz

Author : Robert L.. Benson
ISBN : 3515069593
Genre : History
File Size : 51. 58 MB
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äVorliegender Sammelband spiegelt die internationale Diskussion, die derzeit ueber Kantorowicz gefuehrt wird; er liefert ueber E. Gruenewalds Studie (Ernst Kantorowicz und Stefan George, 1982) und O. G. Oexles verdienstvollen Aufsatz (Das Mittelalter als Waffe 1996) hinaus dazu einen weiteren bedeutsamen Beitrag.ô Das Historisch-Politische Buch äTrotz K's Vernichtungsauftrag zu seinem Nachlaá werden hier bisher unveröffentlichte Dokumente vorgestellt. Fundierte Analysen seiner Gedankenwelt wechseln sich ab mit persönlichen Erinnerungen an den Gelehrten.ô Historisches Jahrbuch Inhalt: R. L. Benson / J. Fried: Einleitung ù M. Gräfin Dönhoff: Ernst Kantorowicz ù R. E. Lerner: äMeritorious Academic Serviceô ù O. G. Oexle: The Middle Ages as a Weapon ù H. Belting: Images in History and Images of History ù R. E. Lerner: Kantorowicz and Continuity ù D. Abulafia: Kantorowicz, Frederick II and England ù P. Schöttler: Ernst Kantorowicz in Frankreich ù J. Fried: Ernst H. Kantorowicz and postwar historiography ù R. L. Benson: Kantorowicz on Continuity and Change in the History of Medieval Rulership ù C. Landauer: The King's Two Bodies and Kantorowicz's Constitutional Narrative ù Ralph E. Giesey: The Two Bodies of the French King ù A. Boureau: Comment penser la théologie politique médiévale 30 ans après Kantorowicz? ù C. Davis: Kantorowicz and Dante ù J. P. Genet: Kantorowicz and The King's Two Bodies.

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