surface tension and related thermodynamic quantities of aqueous electrolyte solutions

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Surface Tension And Related Thermodynamic Quantities Of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions

Author : Norihiro Matubayasi
ISBN : 9781439880876
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 34 MB
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Surface tension provides a thermodynamic avenue for analyzing systems in equilibrium and formulating phenomenological explanations for the behavior of constituent molecules in the surface region. While there are extensive experimental observations and established ideas regarding desorption of ions from the surfaces of aqueous salt solutions, a more successful discussion of the theory has recently emerged, which allows the quantitative calculation of the distribution of ions in the surface region. Surface Tension and Related Thermodynamic Quantities of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions provides a detailed and systematic analysis of the properties of ions at the air/water interface. Unifying older and newer theories and measurements, this book emphasizes the contributions of simple ions to surface tension behavior, and the practical consequences. It begins with a general discussion on Gibbs surface thermodynamics, offering a guide to his theoretical insight and formulation of the boundary between fluids. The text then discusses the thermodynamic formulae that are useful for practical experimental work in the analysis of fluid/fluid interfaces. Chapters cover surface tension of pure water at air/water and air/oil interfaces, surface tension of solutions and the thermodynamic quantities associated with the adsorption and desorption of solutes, and surface tension of simple salt solutions. They also address adsorption of ions at the air/water interface, surface tension of solutions and the effect of temperature, adsorption from mixed electrolyte solutions, and thermodynamic properties of zwitterionic amino acids in the surface region. Focusing on the thermodynamic properties of ions at air/fluid interfaces, this book gives scientists a quantitative, rigorous, and objectively experimental methodology they can employ in their research.

Surface Structure Of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions Probed By Uv Second Harmonic Generation

Author : Poul Bering Petersen
ISBN : UCAL:C3503372
Genre :
File Size : 24. 72 MB
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Handbook Of Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions

Author : Ari L. Horváth
ISBN : STANFORD:36105032948684
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 40 MB
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Ions In Water And Biophysical Implications

Author : Yizhak Marcus
ISBN : 9789400746473
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 39 MB
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Over the past decade, numerous books have attempted to explain ions in aqueous solutions in relation to biophysical phenomena. Ions in Water and Biophysical Implications, from Chaos to Cosmos offers a physicochemical point of view of the spread of this matter and suggests innovative solutions that will challenge the biophysics research establishment. Starting with a throughout discussion of the properties of liquid water, in particular as a structured liquid with an extensive hydrogen bonded structure, the book examines water as a solvent for gases, non-electrolytes, and electrolytes and reviews the properties, sizes and thermodynamics of isolated and aqueous ions, as well as their interactions, including those of polyelectrolytes. The effects of ions on water structure, including those on solvent dynamics and certain thermodynamic quantities, are presented. This volume investigates water surfaces with its vapour, with another liquid, and with a solid, as well as the effects of solutes, including simple ions and the water-miscible non-electrolytes. Surfaces are relevant to biomolecular and colloidal systems and the book discusses briefly surfactants, micelles and vesicles. Finally, the book concludes with a review of the various biophysical implications involving chaotropic and kosmotropic ions in homogeneous solutions and the Hofmeister series for ions concerning biomolecular and colloidal systems and some aspects of protein hydration and K+/Na+ selectivity in ion channels. Ions in Water and Biophysical Implications, from Chaos to Cosmos will appeal to physical chemists, biophysicists, biochemists, as well as to all students and researchers involved in the study of aqueous solutions.

Molecular Thermodynamics Of Proteins In Aqueous Solutions Of Concentrated Electrolyte

Author : Robin Andrew Curtis
ISBN : UCAL:C3446311
Genre :
File Size : 50. 2 MB
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Design Institute For Physical Property Data

Author : American Institute of Chemical Engineers. Meeting
ISBN : UCSD:31822004967618
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 77 MB
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Handbook Of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics

Author : Joseph F. Zemaitis
ISBN : UOM:39015010178187
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 27 MB
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Expertise in electrolyte systems has become increasingly important in traditional chemical process industry operations, as well as in oil/gas exploration and production. In particular, electrolyte systems come into play in many important applications involving the environment. Unit recently, engineers faced with the dilemma of predicting the behavior of electrolyte or predicting the behavior of electrolyte systems had to resort to crude predictions largely based on the adaptation of methods applicable to hydrocarbons systems. The "Handbook of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics" solves the modern engineer's dilemma by acting as a "do-it yourself" guide, with a blueprint for formulating predictive mathematical electrolyte models, recommended tabular values to use in these models, and annotated bibliographies. Engineers confronting the task of solving industrial problems may now solve them by turning to the "Handbook" and applying the compiled available data and/or the data prediction and analysis techniques presented in this volume to the problem at hand. Here, the engineer will find a thorough and systematic presentation of electrolyte thermodynamics, beginning with the basic definitions of the equilibrium constants used in formulating electrolyte models and ending with an exposition and comparison of several of the best formulations for the activity coefficients of strong and/or weak electrolytes. In the final chapter there is a general recipe for formulating complete predictive models for electrolytes along with a series of worked illustrative examples. This unique handbook serves as a useful research and application tool for the practicing process engineer as well as a college textbook for the chemical engineering student.

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