recycling of solid waste for biofuels and bio chemicals

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Recycling Of Solid Waste For Biofuels And Bio Chemicals

Author : Obulisamy Parthiba Karthikeyan
ISBN : 9789811001505
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 61 MB
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This book presents the latest advances in and current research perspectives on the field of urban/industrial solid waste recycling for bio-energy and bio-fuel recovery. It chiefly focuses on five main thematic areas, namely bioreactor landfills coupled with energy and nutrient recovery; microbial insights into anaerobic digestion; greenhouse emission assessment; pyrolysis techniques for special waste treatment; and industrial waste stabilization options. In addition, it compiles the results of case studies and solid waste management perspectives from different countries.

Biotransformation Of Agricultural Waste And By Products

Author : Palmiro Poltronieri
ISBN : 9780128036488
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 39 MB
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Biotransformation of Agricultural Waste and By-Products in the 4F Economy: The Food, Feed, Fiber, Fuel (4F) Economy presents an evaluation of plant species better exploitable for a particular transformation. As crops are already covering large parts of cultivable soils, is it is not conceivable to try to extend the cultures beyond the limit of available soils, but a further increase in productivity is not easy to obtain. The book discusses advances in technology and plants design which support the exploitation and valorization of vegetable and fruit by-products through fermentation (feed-batch liquid fermentation, solid-state fermentation) in bio-based bio-chemicals/biofuels production. Pathways in the biosynthesis of fibers, sugars, and metabolites are provided with a focus on the lifecycle of bacteria, yeasts, and even plant species. The text analyzes cellular structures and the organization of cell walls in order to show which polysaccharides offer more favorable fermentative processes and which are detrimental. Provides an overview of all plant based biosources Includes examples of biochemical/biofuel production from plant waste Discusses the production of enzymes used in the plant fermentation processes Explores the new fermentation technologies and production of chemicals and fuels from various plants

University Campus Solid Waste Management

Author : Pezhman Taherei Ghazvinei
ISBN : 3319432273
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 93 MB
Format : PDF
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This volume provides a comprehensive method for optimizing solid waste management practices and procedures at college and university campuses through the use of cluster analysis to combine Life Cycle Assessment and Analytical Hierarchy Process. Author Pezhman Taherei uses Malaysia’s University of Malaya as a case study and model, and through this method was able to assess which combination of waste disposal, management, and recycling techniques generate the least environmental impact while retaining the maximum cost savings for the university. A method for analysis of solid waste composition is also proposed. Higher education institutes generate thousands of tons of solid waste per year. Comprehensive solid waste management programs, which take integrated solid waste management systems into consideration, are one of the greatest challenges to achieving campus sustainability. This system can serve as a guide and blueprint for other universities that are taking steps toward sustainability through improved solid waste management.

Solid Waste Technology And Management

Author : Thomas Christensen
ISBN : 9781119955023
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 39 MB
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The collection, transportation and subsequent processing of waste materials is a vast field of study which incorporates technical, social, legal, economic, environmental and regulatory issues. Common waste management practices include landfilling, biological treatment, incineration, and recycling – all boasting advantages and disadvantages. Waste management has changed significantly over the past ten years, with an increased focus on integrated waste management and life-cycle assessment (LCA), with the aim of reducing the reliance on landfill with its obvious environmental concerns in favour of greener solutions. With contributions from more than seventy internationally known experts presented in two volumes and backed by the International Waste Working Group and the International Solid Waste Association, detailed chapters cover: Waste Generation and Characterization Life Cycle Assessment of Waste Management Systems Waste Minimization Material Recycling Waste Collection Mechanical Treatment and Separation Thermal Treatment Biological Treatment Landfilling Special and Hazardous Waste Solid Waste Technology & Management is a balanced and detailed account of all aspects of municipal solid waste management, treatment and disposal, covering both engineering and management aspects with an overarching emphasis on the life-cycle approach.

Biofuels

Author : Ashok Pandey
ISBN : 9780123851000
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 23 MB
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Global concern for energy security and environmental protection has put great emphasis on the search for alternative energy sources, particularly for the transport sector. Biofuels have emerged as a highly promising source of alternative energy, and have drawn global R&D for their production using biomass. With the increasing worldwide demand of energy along with the depletion of conventional fossil fuel reserves, there has been growing global interest in developing alternative sources of energy. There has also been concern in growing economies regarding energy security. Biofuels offer much promise on these frontiers. In addition to the above, they also have a reduced environmental impact in comparison to fossil fuels. Biofuels provides state-of-the-art information on the status of biofuel production and related aspects. Detailed overview of the alternative energy field and the role of biofuels as new energy sources Gives a detailed account of the production of biodiesel from non conventional bio-feedstocks such as algae and vegetable oils Includes production of biohydrogen: the fourth generation biofuel

Biodiesel

Author : Ayhan Demirbas
ISBN : 1846289955
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 40 MB
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Biodiesel: A Realistic Fuel Alternative for Diesel Engines describes the production and characterization of biodiesel. The book also presents current experimental research work in the field, including techniques to reduce biodiesel’s high viscosity. Researchers in renewable energy, as well as fuel engineers, will discover a myriad of new ideas and promising possibilities.

Industrial Biotechnology

Author : Varun Shastri
ISBN : 8182053765
Genre :
File Size : 26. 65 MB
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Industrial biotechnology can be defined as the use of modern biological life sciences in process of industries. For example, industrial biotechnology has applications in a number of markets that affect our daily lives: in chemicals; in food processing; and in textiles just to name a few. Additionally, industrial biotechnology may not only help with better processing of materials, but it may also play an important role on reducing emissions and increasing efficiencies in the manufacturing process. Industrial biotechnology is transforming many of the world s industrial operations. The promise of industrial biotechnology has always been to reduce or replace the use of fossil energy and hydrocarbon-based materials with renewable, plant-based resources and naturally occurring microbes to produce more cost-effective and environmental-friendly materials for textiles, fuels, chemicals, pollution prevention and even human pharmaceuticals. Designed for students and practitioners of biotechnology and related fields, this book describes the potential applications of biotechnology in the industrial sector. This unique and up-to-date resource offering readers an innovative and valuable presentation of the subject.

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