quantum dot sensors technology and commercial applications

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Quantum Dot Sensors

Author : John Callan
ISBN : 9789814316002
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 47 MB
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Consisting of six chapters, written by experts in their field, this book charts the progress made in the use of quantum dots as the signaling component in optical sensors since their discovery in the early 1980s. In particular, it focuses on CdS-, CdSe-, and CdTe-type QDs due to their emission in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The book begins by detailing the range of methods currently used for the preparation and passivation of core/core–shell quantum dots and follows with a discussion on their electrochemical properties and potential toxicity. The book culminates by focusing on how electron and energy transfer mechanisms can be utilized to generate a range of quantum dot-based probes. This is the first text of its kind dedicated to quantum dot-based sensors and will appeal to those readers who have an interest in working with these versatile nanoparticles.

Mems And Nanotechnology Based Sensors And Devices For Communications Medical And Aerospace Applications

Author : A. R. Jha
ISBN : 9780203881064
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90. 55 MB
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The integration of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) and nanotechnology (NT) in sensors and devices significantly reduces their weight, size, power consumption, and production costs. These sensors and devices can then play greater roles in defense operations, wireless communication, the diagnosis and treatment of disease, and many more applications. MEMS and Nanotechnology-Based Sensors and Devices for Communications, Medical and Aerospace Applications presents the latest performance parameters and experimental data of state-of-the-art sensors and devices. It describes packaging details, materials and their properties, and fabrication requirements vital for design, development, and testing. Some of the cutting-edge materials covered include quantum dots, nanoparticles, photonic crystals, and carbon nanotubes (CNTs). This comprehensive work encompasses various types of MEMS- and NT-based sensors and devices, such as micropumps, accelerometers, photonic bandgap devices, acoustic sensors, CNT-based transistors, photovoltaic cells, and smart sensors. It also discusses how these sensors and devices are used in a number of applications, including weapons’ health, battlefield monitoring, cancer research, stealth technology, chemical detection, and drug delivery.

Terahertz Sensing Technology

Author : William R. Loerop
ISBN : 9812796665
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 87. 63 MB
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The last research frontier in high frequency electronics lies in the so-called terahertz (or submillimeter wave) regime, between the traditional microwave and the infrared domains. Significant scientific and technical challenges within the terahertz (THz) frequency regime have recently motivated an array of new research activities. During the last few years, major research programs have emerged that are focused on advancing the state of the art in THz frequency electronic technology and on investigating novel applications of THz frequency sensing. This book provides a detailed review of the new THz frequency technological developments that are emerging across a wide spectrum of sensing and technology areas. Volume II presents cutting edge results in two primary areas: (1) research that is attempting to establish THz-frequency sensing as a new characterization tool for chemical, biological and semiconductor materials, and (2) theoretical and experimental efforts to define new device concepts within the OC THz gapOCO. Contents: THz-Frequency Spectroscopic Sensing of DNA and Related Biological Materials (T Globus et al.); Spectroscopy with Electronic Terahertz Techniques for Chemical and Biological Sensing (M K Choi et al.); Terahertz Applications to Biomolecular Sensing (A G Markelz & S E Whitmire); Characteristics of Nano-Scale Composites at THz and IR Spectral Regions (J F Federici & H Grebel); Fundamentals of Terrestrial Millimeter-Wave and THz Remote Sensing (E R Brown); Terahertz Emission Using Quantum Dots and Microcavities (G S Solomon et al.); Terahertz Transport in Semiconductor Quantum Structures (S J Allen & J S Scott); Advanced Theory of Instability in Tunneling Nanostructures (D L Woolard et al.); Wigner Function Simulations of Quantum DeviceOCoCircuits Interactions (H L Grubin & R C Buggeln); Continuous-Wave Terahertz Spectroscopy of Plasmas and Biomolecules (D F Plusquellic et al.). Readership: Undergraduates, graduate students, academics and researchers in engineering and science."

Cadmium Telluride Quantum Dots

Author : John Donegan
ISBN : 9789814316057
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 8 MB
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In the last two decades, semiconductor quantum dots—small colloidal nanoparticles—have garnered a great deal of scientific interest because of their unique properties. Among nanomaterials, CdTe holds special technological importance as the only known II–VI material that can form conventional p–n junctions. This makes CdTe very important for the development of novel optoelectronic devices such as light-emitting diodes, solar cells, and lasers. Moreover, the demand for water-compatible light emitters and the most common biological buffers give CdTe quantum dots fields a veritable edge in biolabeling and bioimaging. Cadmium Telluride Quantum Dots: Advances and Applications focuses on CdTe quantum dots and addresses their synthesis, assembly, optical properties, and applications in biology and medicine. It makes for a very informative reading for anyone involved in nanotechnology and will also benefit those scientists who are looking for a comprehensive account on the current state of quantum dot–related research.

Chromic Phenomena

Author : Peter Bamfield
ISBN : 9781847558688
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 44 MB
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Chromic phenomena, or those produced by materials which exhibit colour in response to a chemical or physical stimulus, have increasingly been at the heart of 'high-tec' developments in a variety of fields in the last decade. Many of the newer technologies, which are at the cutting edge of research, are multi-disciplinary, involving researchers from areas as diverse as physics, biology, materials science and electronic engineering. Chromic Phenomena covers five main areas: Colour change materials, such as photochromic, thermochromic and electrochromic materials; Materials which absorb and reflect light - the classical dyes and pigments; Luminescent phenomena, including phosphorescence, fluorescence and electroluminescence; Materials which absorb light and transfer energy, eg photosensitisers, infra-red absorbers and laser-addressable compounds; Phenomena involving the manipulation of light by chemicals, such as liquid crystals, lustre pigments, optoelectronics and photonics Providing an entry point both for new researchers and for established ones, this book, with its emphasis on the technological applications of these chromic phenomena, develops and investigates new applications for colour chemistry. It will be of interest to industrialists and professionals in the biological, medicinal, electronics/telecommunications and colorant industries, as well as academics in these fields.

Direct Write Technologies For Rapid Prototyping Applications

Author : Alberto Piqué
ISBN : 0121742318
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50. 8 MB
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Direct-Write Technologies covers applications, materials, and the techniques in using direct-write technologies. This book provides an overview of the different direct write techniques currently available, as well as a comparison between the strengths and special attributes for each of the techniques. The techniques described open the door for building prototypes and testing materials. The book also provides an overview of the state-of-the-art technology involved in this field. Basic academic researchers and industrial development engineers who pattern thin film materials will want to have this text on their shelves as a resource for specific applications. Others in this or related fields will want the book to read the introductory material summarizing isuses common to all approaches, in order to compare and contrast different techniques. Everyday applications include electronic components and sensors, especially chemical and biosensors. There is a wide range of research and development problems requiring state-of-the-art direct write tools. This book will appeal to basic researchers and development engineers in university engineering departments and at industrial and national research laboratories. This text should appeal equally well in the United States, Asia, and Europe. Both basic academic researchers and industrial development engineers who pattern thin film materials will want to have this text on their shelves as a resource for specific applications. This book provides An overview of the different direct write techniques currently available A comparison between the strengths and special attributes for each of the techniques An overview of the state-of-the-art technology involved in this field.

Molecular Beam Epitaxy

Author : Mohamed Henini
ISBN : 9780123918598
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59. 67 MB
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This multi-contributor handbook discusses Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE), an epitaxial deposition technique which involves laying down layers of materials with atomic thicknesses on to substrates. It summarizes MBE research and application in epitaxial growth with close discussion and a ‘how to’ on processing molecular or atomic beams that occur on a surface of a heated crystalline substrate in a vacuum. MBE has expanded in importance over the past thirty years (in terms of unique authors, papers and conferences) from a pure research domain into commercial applications (prototype device structures and more at the advanced research stage). MBE is important because it enables new device phenomena and facilitates the production of multiple layered structures with extremely fine dimensional and compositional control. The techniques can be deployed wherever precise thin-film devices with enhanced and unique properties for computing, optics or photonics are required. This book covers the advances made by MBE both in research and mass production of electronic and optoelectronic devices. It includes new semiconductor materials, new device structures which are commercially available, and many more which are at the advanced research stage. Condenses fundamental science of MBE into a modern reference, speeding up literature review Discusses new materials, novel applications and new device structures, grounding current commercial applications with modern understanding in industry and research Coverage of MBE as mass production epitaxial technology enhances processing efficiency and throughput for semiconductor industry and nanostructured semiconductor materials research community

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