organic chemicals in the environment mechanisms of degradation and transformation second edition

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Organic Chemicals In The Environment

Author : Alasdair H. Neilson
ISBN : 9781439826379
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 81 MB
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Addressing the persistent environmental threat of organic chemicals with a fresh approach to degradation and transformation processes, Organic Chemicals in the Environment: Mechanisms of Degradation and Transformation, Second Edition examines a wide range of compounds as well as abiotic and microbiological reactions mediated by microorganisms. The book emphasizes the pathways used and the broad classes of enzymes involved. It provides an overview of experimental procedures with detailed coverage of the organic compounds that are considered to be xenobiotics. The book begins by providing a broad perspective on abiotic and biotic reactions, including the significance of a range of environmental determinants. The following chapters briefly introduce experimental procedures and emphasize those procedures for establishing the structure of metabolites using isotopes and physical methods. Next, the authors outline details of biochemical reactions involved in the biodegradation of the major groups of aliphatic, carbocyclic aromatic, and heterocyclic compounds. They end with coverage of bioremediation that has attracted increasing concern because of the hazard presented by the disposal of unwanted chemicals or by-products from their manufacture. Broad and comprehensive, this book provides a cohesive treatment of the subject. It contains an extensive set of literature references and numerous illustrative figures. The authors use a mechanistic approach with emphasis on the pathways, and the principles that emerge provide a guide not only for specific compounds but also for those having a more remote structural resemblance.

Environmental Hydrogeology Second Edition

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132237749
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 49 MB
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Headlines continue to blare news of climate change, tangential catastrophic events, and dwindling energy resources. Written by trusted experts, and geared to practitioners and students, this timely work explores the role that hydrogeology can play in solving challenging environmental problems.

Environmental Degradation And Transformation Of Organic Chemicals

Author : Alasdair H. Neilson
ISBN : 1420006770
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 70 MB
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Addressing the persistent environmental threat of organic chemicals with a fresh approach to degradation and transformation processes, Environmental Degradation and Transformation of Organic Chemicals examines a wide range of compounds as well as abiotic and microbiological reactions mediated by microorganisms. The book emphasizes the pathways used and the broad classes of enzymes involved. It provides an overview of experimental procedures with detailed coverage of the organic compounds that are considered to be xenobiotics. The book begins by providing a broad perspective on abiotic and biotic reactions, including the significance of a range of environmental determinants. The following chapters briefly introduce experimental procedures and emphasize those procedures for establishing the structure of metabolites using isotopes and physical methods. Next, the authors outline details of biochemical reactions involved in the biodegradation of the major groups of aliphatic, carbocyclic aromatic, and heterocyclic compounds. They end with coverage of bioremediation that has attracted increasing concern because of the hazard presented by the disposal of unwanted chemicals or by-products from their manufacture. Broad and comprehensive, this book provides a cohesive treatment of the subject. It contains an extensive set of literature references and numerous illustrative figures. The authors use a mechanistic approach with emphasis on the pathways, and the principles that emerge provide a guide not only for specific compounds but also for those having a more remote structural resemblance.

Chemistry Health And Environment

Author : Olov Sterner
ISBN : 9783527325825
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 91 MB
Format : PDF
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This second edition of a successful title bridging toxicology and environmental chemistry adopts a unique approach that ‘follows’ chemicals on a molecular level, from the environment through the different uptake mechanisms into the body, to the toxic effect. Along the way, this textbook explains the different routes of degradation and metabolism of the different classes of chemicals, linking general chemical properties to their toxicological equivalents. All the chapters have been thoroughly updated and the contents significantly expanded, including for example new chapters on pesticides, food chemicals and pharmaceuticals, as well as sections discussing endocrine disruptors and carcinogenicity assays. This is an essential text for a wide audience ranging from pharmacologists to environmental chemists and toxicologists.

Environmental Organic Chemistry

Author : Ren? P. Schwarzenbach
ISBN : 9781118767047
Genre : Science
File Size : 22. 58 MB
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Examines in a pedagogical way all pertinent molecular and macroscopic processes that govern the distribution and fate of organic chemicals in the environment and provides simple modeling tools to quantitatively describe these processes and their interplay in a given environmental system Treats fundamental aspects of chemistry, physics, and mathematical modeling as applied to environmentally relevant problems, and gives a state of the art account of the field Teaches the reader how to relate the structure of a given chemical to its physical chemical properties and intrinsic reactivities Provides a holistic and teachable treatment of phase partitioning and transformation processes, as well as a more focused and tailor-made presentation of physical, mathematical, and modeling aspects that apply to environmental situations of concern Includes a large number of questions and problems allowing teachers to explore the depth of understanding of their students or allowing individuals who use the book for self-study to check their progress Provides a companion website, which includes solutions for all problems as well as a large compilation of physical constants and compound properties

In Situ Treatment Technology Second Edition

Author : Evan K. Nyer
ISBN : 0873719956
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 92 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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The most exciting technical area in the remediation field today is "in place" or "in situ" technologies. This new book in the popular Geraghty & Miller series provides a single reference source, consolidating information on the various in situ technologies. Each of the primary areas is covered in a separate chapter, allowing for in-depth reviews, including laboratory and pilot plant studies, full-scale design, operation and maintenance, cost analysis, and case histories. Expert accounts are also given emerging in situ technologies. One of the unique features of this new book is its excellent coverage of the geologic foundation and limitations of each of the technologies. Material at the beginning of the book explains the limitations of pump and treatment remediation, and shows how some of these limitations may also apply to in situ technologies. This section provides the reader with a basis on which to analyze and predict the possible success of any new in situ methods that are developed in the future.

Groundwater Chemicals Desk Referencegovernment Regulators Second Edition

Author : John H. Montgomery
ISBN : UOM:39015037300574
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86. 35 MB
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The latest edition of the bestselling Groundwater Chemicals Desk Reference contains double the amount of data found in the original edition. Hundreds of chemicals and chemical compounds are easily located in this latest edition. New material is included on environmental fates, particularly on transformation products, and several new tables have been added. Four new appendices are included, providing access to conversion factors, bulk density values of soils and rocks, porosity values of rocks and sediments, and solubility values of various organic compounds not profiled in the text.

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