multiple representations in biological education

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Multiple Representations In Biological Education

Author : David Franklin Treagust
ISBN : 9789400741928
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 95 MB
Format : PDF
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This new publication in the Models and Modeling in Science Education series synthesizes a wealth of international research on using multiple representations in biology education and aims for a coherent framework in using them to improve higher-order learning. Addressing a major gap in the literature, the volume proposes a theoretical model for advancing biology educators’ notions of how multiple external representations (MERs) such as analogies, metaphors and visualizations can best be harnessed for improving teaching and learning in biology at all pedagogical levels. The content tackles the conceptual and linguistic difficulties of learning biology at each level—macro, micro, sub-micro, and symbolic, illustrating how MERs can be used in teaching across these levels and in various combinations, as well as in differing contexts and topic areas. The strategies outlined will help students’ reasoning and problem-solving skills, enhance their ability to construct mental models and internal representations, and, ultimately, will assist in increasing public understanding of biology-related issues, a key goal in today’s world of pressing concerns over societal problems about food, environment, energy, and health. The book concludes by highlighting important aspects of research in biological education in the post-genomic, information age.

Multiple Representations In Chemical Education

Author : John K. Gilbert
ISBN : 9781402088728
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 35 MB
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Chemistry seeks to provide qualitative and quantitative explanations for the observed behaviour of elements and their compounds. Doing so involves making use of three types of representation: the macro (the empirical properties of substances); the sub-micro (the natures of the entities giving rise to those properties); and the symbolic (the number of entities involved in any changes that take place). Although understanding this triplet relationship is a key aspect of chemical education, there is considerable evidence that students find great difficulty in achieving mastery of the ideas involved. In bringing together the work of leading chemistry educators who are researching the triplet relationship at the secondary and university levels, the book discusses the learning involved, the problems that students encounter, and successful approaches to teaching. Based on the reported research, the editors argue for a coherent model for understanding the triplet relationship in chemical education.

Discipline Based Education Research

Author : Committee on the Status, Contributions, and Future Directions of Discipline-Based Education Research
ISBN : 9780309254113
Genre : Education
File Size : 23. 19 MB
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The National Science Foundation funded a synthesis study on the status, contributions, and future direction of discipline-based education research (DBER) in physics, biological sciences, geosciences, and chemistry. DBER combines knowledge of teaching and learning with deep knowledge of discipline-specific science content. It describes the discipline-specific difficulties learners face and the specialized intellectual and instructional resources that can facilitate student understanding. Discipline-Based Education Research is based on a 30-month study built on two workshops held in 2008 to explore evidence on promising practices in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. This book asks questions that are essential to advancing DBER and broadening its impact on undergraduate science teaching and learning. The book provides empirical research on undergraduate teaching and learning in the sciences, explores the extent to which this research currently influences undergraduate instruction, and identifies the intellectual and material resources required to further develop DBER. Discipline-Based Education Research provides guidance for future DBER research. In addition, the findings and recommendations of this report may invite, if not assist, post-secondary institutions to increase interest and research activity in DBER and improve its quality and usefulness across all natural science disciples, as well as guide instruction and assessment across natural science courses to improve student learning. The book brings greater focus to issues of student attrition in the natural sciences that are related to the quality of instruction. Discipline-Based Education Research will be of interest to educators, policy makers, researchers, scholars, decision makers in universities, government agencies, curriculum developers, research sponsors, and education advocacy groups.

Knowledge Acquisition Organization And Use In Biology

Author : Kathleen M. Fisher
ISBN : UOM:39015038030659
Genre : Computers
File Size : 22. 22 MB
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Biology Knowledge: Its Acquisition, Organization, and Use, held in Glasgow, Scotland, June 14-18, 1992

Chemistry Education

Author : Javier Garc?a-Mart?nez
ISBN : 9783527679324
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 76 MB
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Winner of the CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title 2017 Award This comprehensive collection of top-level contributions provides a thorough review of the vibrant field of chemistry education. Highly-experienced chemistry professors and education experts cover the latest developments in chemistry learning and teaching, as well as the pivotal role of chemistry for shaping a more sustainable future. Adopting a practice-oriented approach, the current challenges and opportunities posed by chemistry education are critically discussed, highlighting the pitfalls that can occur in teaching chemistry and how to circumvent them. The main topics discussed include best practices, project-based education, blended learning and the role of technology, including e-learning, and science visualization. Hands-on recommendations on how to optimally implement innovative strategies of teaching chemistry at university and high-school levels make this book an essential resource for anybody interested in either teaching or learning chemistry more effectively, from experience chemistry professors to secondary school teachers, from educators with no formal training in didactics to frustrated chemistry students.

Biology Concepts And Applications

Author : Cecie Starr
ISBN : 9781305967335
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 63 MB
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Authors Cecie Starr, Christine A. Evers, and Lisa Starr partnered with the National Geographic Society to develop this edition of BIOLOGY: CONCEPTS AND APPLICATIONS. Renowned for its clear writing style and unparalleled visuals, this trendsetting book applies exclusive National Geographic content to engage students and emphasize that biology is an ongoing endeavor carried out by a diverse community of scientists. Each chapter explores core concepts aligned with the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) initiative “Vision and Change in Undergraduate Biology Education” to help students master associated learning objectives. By continuously challenging students to question what they read and to apply the concepts they learn, the text allows our citizens and future policy-makers to hone critical thinking skills as they gain scientific literacy. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Minority Students In Special And Gifted Education

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309170819
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49. 8 MB
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Special education and gifted and talented programs were designed for children whose educational needs are not well met in regular classrooms. From their inceptions, these programs have had disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic minority students. What causes this disproportion? Is it a problem? Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education considers possible contributors to that disparity, including early biological and environmental influences and inequities in opportunities for preschool and K-12 education, as well as the possibilities of bias in the referral and assessment system that leads to placement in special programs. It examines the data on early childhood experience, on differences in educational opportunity, and on referral and placement. The book also considers whether disproportionate representation should be considered a problem. Do special education programs provide valuable educational services, or do they set students off on a path of lower educational expectations? Would students not now placed in gifted and talented programs benefit from raised expectations, more rigorous classes, and the gifted label, or would they suffer failure in classes for which they are unprepared? By examining this important problem in U.S. education and making recommendations for early intervention and general education, as well as for changes in referral and assessment processes, Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education will be an indispensable resource to educators throughout the nation, as well as to policy makers at all levels, from schools and school districts to the state and federal governments.

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