metabolite safety in drug development

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Metabolite Safety In Drug Development

Author : Suzanne L. Iverson
ISBN : 9781118949658
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46. 30 MB
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A reference on drug metabolism and metabolite safety in the development phase, this book reviews the analytical techniques and experimental designs critical for metabolite studies. It features case studies of lessons learned and real world examples, along with regulatory perspectives from the US FDA and EMA. • Reviews the analytical techniques and experimental designs critical for metabolite studies • Covers methods including chirality, species differences, mass spectrometry, radiolabels, and in vitro / in vivo correlation • Discusses target pharmacology, in vitro systems aligned to toxicity tests, and drug-drug interactions • Includes perspectives from authors with firsthand involvement in industry and the study of drug metabolites, including viewpoints that have influenced regulatory guidelines

Pharmacokinetics In Drug Development

Author : Peter L. Bonate
ISBN : 1441979379
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77. 87 MB
Format : PDF
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The topics chosen for this volume were selected because they are some of the current development or technological issues facing drug development project teams. They regard the practical considerations for assessment of selected special development populations. For example, they include characterization of drug disposition in pregnant subjects, for measuring arrhythmic potential, for analysis tumor growth modeling, and for disease progression modeling. Practical considerations for metabolite safety testing, transporter assessments, Phase 0 testing, and development and execution of drug interaction programs reflect current regulatory topics meant to address enhancement of both safety assessment and early decision-making during new candidate selection. Important technologies like whole body autoradiography, digital imaging and dried blood spot sample collection methods are introduced, as both have begun to take a more visible role in pharmacokinetic departments throughout the industry.

Evaluation Of Drug Candidates For Preclinical Development

Author : Chao Han
ISBN : 0470574887
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73. 84 MB
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Emphasizes the integration of major areas of drug discovery and their importance in candidate evaluation It is believed that selecting the "right" drug candidate for development is the key to success. In the last decade, pharmaceutical R&D departments have integrated pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism, pharmaceutics, and toxicology into early drug discovery to improve the assessment of potential drug compounds. Now, Evaluation of Drug Candidates for Preclinical Development provides a complete view and understanding of why absorption-distribution-metabolism-excretion-toxicology (ADMET) plays a pivotal role in drug discovery and development. Encompassing the three major interrelated areas in which optimization and evaluation of drug developability is most critical—pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism, pharmaceutics, and safety assessment—this unique resource encourages integrated thinking in drug discovery. The contributors to this volume: Cover drug transporters, cytochrome P-450 and drug-drug interactions, plasma protein binding, stability, drug formulation, preclinical safety assessment, toxicology, and toxicokinetics Address developability issues that challenge pharma companies, moving beyond isolated experimental results Reveal connections between the key scientific areas that are critical for successful drug discovery and development Inspire forward-thinking strategies and decision-making processes in preclinical evaluation to maximize the potential of drug candidates to progress through development efficiently and meet the increasing demands of the marketplace Evaluation of Drug Candidates for Preclinical Development serves as an introductory reference for those new to the pharmaceutical industry and drug discovery in particular. It is especially well suited for scientists and management teams in small- to mid-sized pharmaceutical companies, as well as academic researchers and graduate students concerned with the practical aspects related to the evaluation of drug developability.

Reactive Drug Metabolites

Author : Amit S. Kalgutkar
ISBN : 9783527655762
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 93 MB
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Closing a gap in the scientifi c literature, this first comprehensive introduction to the topic is based on current best practice in one of the largest pharmaceutical companies worldwide. The first chapters trace the development of our understanding of drug metabolite toxicity, covering basic concepts and techniques in the process, while the second part details chemical toxicophores that are prone to reactive metabolite formation. This section also reviews the various drug-metabolizing enzymes that can participate in catalyzing reactive metabolite formation, including a discussion of the structure-toxicity relationships for drugs. Two chapters are dedicated to the currently hot topics of herbal constituents and IADRs. The next part covers current strategies and approaches to evaluate the reactive metabolite potential of new drug candidates, both by predictive and by bioanalytical methods. There then follows an in-depth analysis of the toxicological potential of the top 200 prescription drugs, illustrating the power and the limits of the toxicophore concept, backed by numerous case studies. Finally, a risk-benefi t approach to managing the toxicity risk of reactive metabolite-prone drugs is presented. Since the authors carefully develop the knowledge needed, from fundamental considerations to current industry standards, no degree in pharmacology is required to read this book, making it perfect for medicinal chemists without in-depth pharmacology training.

A Comprehensive Guide To Toxicology In Preclinical Drug Development

Author : Ali S. Faqi
ISBN : 9780123878151
Genre : Medical
File Size : 34. 93 MB
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A Comprehensive Guide to Toxicology in Preclinical Drug Development is a resource for toxicologists in industry and regulatory settings, as well as directors working in contract resource organizations, who need a thorough understanding of the drug development process. Incorporating real-life case studies and examples, the book is a practical guide that outlines day-to-day activities and experiences in preclinical toxicology. This multi-contributed reference provides a detailed picture of the complex and highly interrelated activities of preclinical toxicology in both small molecules and biologics. The book discusses discovery toxicology and the international guidelines for safety evaluation, and presents traditional and nontraditional toxicology models. Chapters cover development of vaccines, oncology drugs, botanic drugs, monoclonal antibodies, and more, as well as study development and personnel, the role of imaging in preclinical evaluation, and supporting materials for IND applications. By incorporating the latest research in this area and featuring practical scenarios, this reference is a complete and actionable guide to all aspects of preclinical drug testing. Chapters written by world-renowned contributors who are experts in their fields Includes the latest research in preclinical drug testing and international guidelines Covers preclinical toxicology in small molecules and biologics in one single source

Drug Metabolism In Drug Design And Development

Author : Donglu Zhang
ISBN : 0470191686
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 19 MB
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The essentials of drug metabolism vital to developing new therapeutic entities Information on the metabolism and disposition of candidate drugs is a critical part of all aspects of the drug discovery and development process. Drug metabolism, as practiced in the pharmaceutical industry today, is a complex, multidisciplinary field that requires knowledge of sophisticated analytical technologies and expertise in mechanistic and kinetic enzymology, organic reaction mechanism, pharmacokinetic analysis, animal physiology, basic chemical toxicology, preclinical pharmacology, and molecular biology. With chapters contributed by experts in their specific areas, this reference covers: * Basic concepts of drug metabolism * The role of drug metabolism in the pharmaceutical industry * Analytical techniques in drug metabolism * Common experimental approaches and protocols Drug Metabolism in Drug Design and Development emphasizes practical considerations such as the data needed, the experiments and analytical methods typically employed, and the interpretation and application of data. Chapters highlight facts, common protocols, detailed experimental designs, applications, and limitations of techniques. This is a comprehensive, hands-on reference for drug metabolism researchers as well as other professionals involved in pre-clinical drug discovery and development.

Identification And Quantification Of Drugs Metabolites And Metabolizing Enzymes By Lc Ms

Author : Swapan Chowdhury
ISBN : 0080456065
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 97 MB
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As new techniques of transferring from liquid to gas phase and measuring masses of drug molecules and metabolites become more prevalent, so do the technical challenges of putting these techniques into proper use, as well as the task of consolidating emerging applications. Identification and Quantification of Drugs, Metabolites and Metabolizing Enzymes by LC-MS, Volume 6 fills the gap in the lack of presently available literature by providing a critical review in the current use of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) in drug discovery and development. With chapters written by experts with a wide range of practical experience from the pharmaceutical industry, emphasis is placed on techniques and applications. The book also includes chapters on how to utilize LC-MS instrumentation for current drug metabolism problems. This book is intended for those beginning to use LC-MS for drug metabolism studies as well as for those considered advanced practitioners. * Introduces readers to the practical applications of modern liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) in a wide range of drug metabolism studies· * Provides a comprehensive description of different forms of metabolites, with detailed discussion on the wide range of methodologies used to identify them * Highlights problems associated with drug quantification and offers practical solutions

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