local government in europe the fourth level in the eu multi layered system of governance

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Local Government In Europe

Author : Carlo Panara
ISBN : 9781135021269
Genre : Law
File Size : 86. 27 MB
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This work considers the role of local government in 13 EU Member States (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. The book aims to provide an account of the system of local government in each of the countries studied along with a critical and contextual approach to the level of autonomy that local government enjoys. The approach is comparative, based on a questionnaire which all of the authors considered. There is then a detailed conclusion to the book which offers a detailed summary and comparative analysis of the responses in order to better consider the role of local authorities as the ‘fourth level’ of governance in the EU. The book aims to offer a detailed introduction to and account of each system of local government which may appeal to those seeking an overview of the area, but also a critical and contextual approach that will be of interest to those actively researching in the areas of local and regional government or EU-central-local government relations. The book contains details of reform in local government up to November 2012, including an analysis of the impact of austerity measures on local autonomy where these have become significant.

Theoretical Foundations And Discussions On The Reformation Process In Local Governments

Author : Sadioglu, Ugur
ISBN : 9781522503187
Genre : Law
File Size : 29. 84 MB
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Local government can be defined as a public entity acting as the sub-unit of a state or of a region, charged with the task of enforcing public policies. There have been many reforms of local government in recent years from the grassroots-led movement that took root in the 90’s to the overarching effects of globalization and decentralization. Local governments must adapt their practices in order to most effectively provide for their constituents. Theoretical Foundations and Discussions on the Reformation Process in Local Government addresses the effects of recent reforms in the political-administrative system of local governments and politics as well as future outlooks. It reviews the challenges, innovations, and lessons from local governments while providing theoretical perspectives on methods for positive reform. This book is a critical reference source for policy makers, government organizations, professionals, and actors in both local and international politics.

The Sub National Dimension Of The Eu

Author : Carlo Panara
ISBN : 9783319145891
Genre : Law
File Size : 75. 1 MB
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This book is the first monograph-form legal study on multilevel governance in the EU and represents a radical change in the approach to this topic. Particularly after the Treaty of Lisbon’s entry into force, research on multilevel governance can no longer remain confined to the analysis of political dynamics or of soft law arrangements. Multilevel governance emerges as a constitutional principle in the European constitutional space, envisaging a method of governance based on the strong involvement of sub-national authorities in the creation and implementation of EU law and policy. Its foundation is in the mosaic resulting from the constitutional systems of the Union and its Member States. Multilevel governance arrangements play a fundamental part in achieving key Treaty objectives (such as subsidiarity, respect for the national identities of the Member States including regional and local self-government, openness, and closeness to the citizen). These arrangements lend legitimacy to EU decision-making, while also promoting constitutionalism and democracy in the EU.

Spheres Of Governance

Author : Harvey Lazar
ISBN : 1553391292
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 20. 93 MB
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Local governments are becoming increasingly important around the world and functions are being shifted across levels of government. This timely comparative analysis breaks new ground in the study of multilevel governance, intergovernmental relations, and municipal government.Spheres of Governancesystematically compares the challenges faced by municipalities in Australia, France, Germany, Mexico, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, and the United States, with emphasis on the relationship between the municipal and federal levels. Each chapter analyzes a municipality in relation to its responsibilities, functions, and organization; constitutional and fiscal position; relations with the central government; provincial and state governments mediation of these relationships; and public policy development, especially with regard to emergency planning and immigration and settlement. The chapters also highlight the tensions and pressures for change in the systems.

Crime Criminal Justice And The Internet

Author : Clive Walker
ISBN : STANFORD:36105062044222
Genre : Law
File Size : 28. 60 MB
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This edition of the "Criminal Law Review" journal comprises a number of articles which have crime and the Internet as their focus. The articles cover: the governance of the Internet in Europe; computer child pornography; cyberstalking; criminal law and the Internet; digital footprints; and more.

Cyberspace Crime

Author : David Wall
ISBN : STANFORD:36105060343196
Genre : Computers
File Size : 40. 6 MB
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'Cyberspace Crime' is a collection of key texts that have contributed towards, or have reflected, the various debates that have taken place about crime and the internet during the past decade. The texts are organised into three parts. The first contains a number of viewpoints and perspectives that facilitate our broader understanding of cyberspace crime/ cybercrimes. The second part addresses each of the major types of cybercrime - trespass/ hacking/ cracking, thefts/ deceptions, obscenities/ pornography, violence - and illustrate their associated problems of definition and resolution. The third and final part contains a selection of texts that each deal with the impact of cyberspace crime upon specific criminal justice processes; the police and the trial process.

The Federal Vision

Author : Kalypso Nicolaidis
ISBN : 9780191529627
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41. 39 MB
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The Federal Vision is about the complex and changing relationship between levels of governance within the United States and the European Union. Based on a transatlantic dialogue between scholars concerned about modes of governance on both sides, it is a collective attempt at analysing the ramifications of the legitimacy crisis in our multi-layered democracies, and possible remedies. Starting from a focus on the current policy debatea over devolution and subsidiarity, the book engages the reader in to the broader tension of comparartive federalism. Its authors believe that in spite of the fundamental differences between them, both the EU and the US are in the process of re-defining a federal vision for the 21st century. This book represents an important new contribution to the study of Federalism and European integration, which seeks to bridge the divide between the two. It also bridges the traditional divide between technical, legal or regulatory discussions of federal governance and philosophical debates over questions of belonging and multiple identities. It is a multi-disciplinary project, bringing together historians, political scientists and theorists, legal scholars, sociologists and political economists. It includes both innovative analysis and prescriptions on how to reshape the federal contract in the US and the EU. It includes introductions to the history of federalism in the US and the EU, the current debates over devolution and subsidarity, the legal framework of federalism and theories of regulatory federalism, as well as innovative approaches to the application of network analysis, principal-agent models, institutionalist analysis, and political theories of citizenship to the federal context. The introduction and conclusion by the editors draws out cross-cutting themes and lessons from the thinking together of the EU and US experiences, and suggest how a federal vision could be freed from the hierarchical paradigm of the federal state and articulated around concepts of mutal tolerence and empowerment.

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