local governance and poverty in developing nations

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Local Governance And Poverty In Developing Nations

Author : Nicky Pouw
ISBN : 9781136480812
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 20. 89 MB
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This volume examines the persistence of poverty - both rural and urban - in developing countries, and the response of local governments to the problem, exploring the roles of governments, NGOs, and CSOs in national and sub-national agenda-setting, policy-making, and poverty-reduction strategies. It brings together a rich variety of in-depth country and international studies, based on a combination of original data-collection and extensive research experience in developing countries. Taking a bottom-up and multi-dimensional perspective of poverty and well-being as the starting point, the authors develop a convincing set of arguments for putting the priorities of poor people first on any development agenda, thus carving out an undisputable role for local governance in interplay with higher-up governance actors and institutions.

Local Governance In Developing Countries

Author : Anwar Shah
ISBN : 9780821365663
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 20. 89 MB
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This book provides a new institutional economics perspective on alternative models of local governance, offering a comprehensive view of local government organization and finance in the developing world. The experiences of ten developing/transition economies are reviewed to draw lessons of general interest in strengthening responsive, responsible, and accountable local governance. The book is written in simple user friendly language to facilitate a wider readership by policy makers and practitioners in addition to students and scholars of public finance, economics and politics.

Democratising Local Government

Author :
ISBN : 1919713522
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 72 MB
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Local government is at the forefront of development. In South Africa the ambitious policy objectives of post-apartheid reconstruction and development hinge on the successful creation of a democratic tier of government close to the people. An entirely new system of 'developmental local government' has thus been introduced. As is the case in many developing countries, the responsibilities of municipalities in South Africa have been extended dramatically, often without adequate resources. Managing municipalities for development therefore requires political will and strategic intervention. The book provides a comprehensive introduction to developmental local government. It includes: the design of the new local government system and the issues posed by decentralisation; an overview of specific challenges of urban and rural municipalities; a discussion of special issues facing local government including poverty, gender and environment; new tools for local government, including budgeting, indicators, municipal partnerships and capacity building.

Empowering The Poor

Author : Angelo Maliki Bonfiglioli
ISBN : 9211261589
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78. 47 MB
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Poverty reduction has become a key international development priority in recent years. This publication examines some of the most important current conceptual frameworks and initiatives related to poverty reduction and identifies approaches taken by major international and bilateral organisations. It goes on to explore the conceptual dimensions of poverty and local governance, and the comparative advantages of decentralised governance in tackling poverty. It argues that greater involvement of local populations in decision-making processes may contribute to significant poverty reduction.

Challenges To Democratic Governance In Developing Countries

Author : Gedeon M. Mudacumura
ISBN : 9783319031439
Genre : Law
File Size : 29. 56 MB
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​Despite the large amounts of human and financial resources invested to foster democratic governance in developing countries, statistics show that the majority of these countries have not yet achieved significant improvements in living standards. While some regions make strides towards improving the living conditions of their citizens, Sub-Saharan Africa, for instance, is still trapped in poverty with more than 40% of its 600 million people living below the internationally recognized absolute poverty line of one US dollar per day. Poor governance and corruption should be highlighted as the most important systemic factors contributing to poverty in developing countries. As a result the institutional foundations of these countries are weakened, public funds are misappropriated, and policies and programs aimed at reducing poverty and fostering sustainable economic growth are undermined. It is therefore not surprising that a 2008 Transparency International report found a direct link between corruption and the failure of the societal institutions designed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals in the majority of developing countries. This book investigates the problems of democratic governance, particularly as they relate to corruption, and also whether democracy should be based on universal principles or local context and historical factors. It also analyses the rule of law, in promoting democratic governance and curbing corruption and if governmental, non-governmental organizations, and civil societies are effective in promoting democratic governance and curbing corruption. This book will go beyond identifying the challenges and offer plausible solutions that could be adapted to various developing countries. It is premised on the importance of bridging theory and practice, which has been lacking in most local and international development publications, making of interest to scholars and policy-makers alike concerned with public administration in developing countries.​

Local Governments And Ngos In The South

Author : B. Reichel
ISBN : 9783640938360
Genre :
File Size : 25. 65 MB
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Master's Thesis from the year 2007 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: 60-70%, University of Manchester (Institute of Development Politics and Management (IDPM)), course: Development Management, language: English, comment: 60-70% (Merit) entspricht im dt. Notensystem eine 2., abstract: The dissertation critically discusses the partnership between local governments and 'Southern' NGOs (meaning local NGOs in developing countries), specifically looking at the effects that a close cooperation can have on the poor. Through the analysis of the key literature and selected case studies the argument is developed that fostering a certain type of partnership under favourable conditions may contribute to poverty reduction efforts in a local context. The paper examines the interaction between the two actors in the decision-making and implementation process of public policies, mainly drawing on the concept of good local governance. Here, ideas of decentralisation and civil society play an important role and nowadays often constitute an integral part of poverty reduction programmes in developing countries. The first chapter of the dissertation focuses on this linkage between local governance (including NGO participation) and improvements in public policy outcomes for local communities. Subsequently, different types of partnership between local governments and NGOs are presented and the assumed ideal-type for poverty reduction is pointed out. Specific case studies from Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and South-East Asia are applied. These provide the basis for the last chapter, addressing the question of how close the cooperation between local authorities and NGOs should be in order to achieve pro-poor outcomes in local communities.

Resource Guide On Decentralisation And Local Government

Author : Zoë Scott
ISBN : 9781849290296
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50. 35 MB
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This topic guide provides practical guidance for designing, implementing and evaluating decentralisation reforms and local government practices to ensure they are as effective as possible. It includes summaries of key texts and provides links to cutting edge research and recent case studies.

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