introduction to heat potential theory mathematical surveys and monographs

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Introduction To Heat Potential Theory

Author : N. A. Watson
ISBN : 9780821849989
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 70. 55 MB
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This book is the first to be devoted entirely to the potential theory of the heat equation, and thus deals with time dependent potential theory. Its purpose is to give a logical, mathematically precise introduction to a subject where previously many proofs were not written in detail, due to their similarity with those of the potential theory of Laplace's equation. The approach to subtemperatures is a recent one, based on the Poisson integral representation of temperatures on a circular cylinder. Characterizations of subtemperatures in terms of heat balls and modified heat balls are proved, and thermal capacity is studied in detail. The generalized Dirichlet problem on arbitrary open sets is given a treatment that reflects its distinctive nature for an equation of parabolic type. Also included is some new material on caloric measure for arbitrary open sets. Each chapter concludes with bibliographical notes and open questions. The reader should have a good background in the calculus of functions of several variables, in the limiting processes and inequalities of analysis, in measure theory, and in general topology for Chapter 9.

Moment Theory And Some Inverse Problems In Potential Theory And Heat Conduction

Author : Dang D. Ang
ISBN : 9783540456582
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75. 45 MB
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Moment Theory is not a new subject; however, in classical treatments, the ill-posedness of the problem is not taken into account - hence this monograph. Assuming a "true" solution to be uniquely determined by a sequence of moments (given as integrals) of which only finitely many are inaccurately given, the authors describe and analyze several regularization methods and derive stability estimates. Mathematically, the task often consists in the reconstruction of an analytic or harmonic function, as is natural from concrete applications discussed (e.g. inverse heat conduction problems, Cauchy's problem for the Laplace equation, gravimetry). The book can be used in a graduate or upper undergraduate course in Inverse Problems, or as supplementary reading for a course on Applied Partial Differential Equations.

The Ubiquitous Heat Kernel

Author : Jay Jorgenson
ISBN : 9780821836989
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 86. 45 MB
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The aim of this volume is to bring together research ideas from various fields of mathematics which utilize the heat kernel or heat kernel techniques in their research. The intention of this collection of papers is to broaden productive communication across mathematical sub-disciplines and to provide a vehicle which would allow experts in one field to initiate research with individuals in another field, as well as to give non-experts a resource which can facilitate expanding their research and connecting with others.

The Ricci Flow Geometric Aspects

Author :
ISBN : 9780821839461
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 56. 47 MB
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This book gives a presentation of topics in Hamilton's Ricci flow for graduate students and mathematicians interested in working in the subject. The authors have aimed at presenting technical material in a clear and detailed manner. In this volume, geometric aspects of the theory have been emphasized. The book presents the theory of Ricci solitons, Kahler-Ricci flow, compactness theorems, Perelman's entropy monotonicity and no local collapsing, Perelman's reduced distance function and applications to ancient solutions, and a primer of 3-manifold topology. Various technical aspects of Ricci flow have been explained in a clear and detailed manner. The authors have tried to make some advanced material accessible to graduate students and nonexperts. The book gives a rigorous introduction to Perelman's work and explains technical aspects of Ricci flow useful for singularity analysis. Throughout, there are appropriate references so that the reader may further pursue the statements and proofs of the various results.

Metastability

Author : Anton Bovier
ISBN : 9783319247779
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 73. 36 MB
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This monograph provides a concise presentation of a mathematical approach to metastability, a wide-spread phenomenon in the dynamics of non-linear systems - physical, chemical, biological or economic - subject to the action of temporal random forces typically referred to as noise, based on potential theory of reversible Markov processes. The authors shed new light on the metastability phenomenon as a sequence of visits of the path of the process to different metastable sets, and focuses on the precise analysis of the respective hitting probabilities and hitting times of these sets. The theory is illustrated with many examples, ranging from finite-state Markov chains, finite-dimensional diffusions and stochastic partial differential equations, via mean-field dynamics with and without disorder, to stochastic spin-flip and particle-hop dynamics and probabilistic cellular automata, unveiling the common universal features of these systems with respect to their metastable behaviour. The monograph will serve both as comprehensive introduction and as reference for graduate students and researchers interested in metastability.

Recent Developments In Stochastic Analysis And Related Topics

Author : Sergio Albeverio
ISBN : 9789814481328
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 33. 65 MB
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This volume contains 27 refereed research articles and survey papers written by experts in the field of stochastic analysis and related topics. Most contributors are well known leading mathematicians worldwide and prominent young scientists. The volume reflects a review of the recent developments in stochastic analysis and related topics. It puts in evidence the strong interconnection of stochastic analysis with other areas of mathematics, as well as with applications of mathematics in natural and social economic sciences. The volume also provides some possible future directions for the field. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings® (ISTP® / ISI Proceedings) • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings) • CC Proceedings — Engineering & Physical Sciences Contents:Invariant Gibbs Measures for the 2D Vortex Motion of Fluids (S Albeverio & B Ferrario)Limit Laws for Sums of Random Exponentials (G B Arous et al.)Stochastic Models of Economic Optimization (M-F Chen)Essential Spectrum on Riemannian Manifolds (K D Elworthy & F-Y Wang)Lévy Process on Real Lie Algebras (U Franz)Wick Rotation for Holomorphic Random Fields (H Gottschalk)Stochastic Mollifier and Nash Inequality (R Léandre)Precise Estimations Related to Large Deviations (S Liang)Stochastic Holonomy (I Mitoma)Independence and Product Systems (M Skeide)and other papers Readership: Graduate students, teachers and researchers in stochastic analysis. Keywords:Stochastic Analysis;Infinite Dimensional Analysis;Quantum Probability;Pseudo-Differential Operators;Random Media;Stochastic Finance;Stochastic Partial Differential Equation

Introduction To Quantum Graphs

Author : Gregory Berkolaiko
ISBN : 9780821892114
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 54. 92 MB
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A ``quantum graph'' is a graph considered as a one-dimensional complex and equipped with a differential operator (``Hamiltonian''). Quantum graphs arise naturally as simplified models in mathematics, physics, chemistry, and engineering when one considers propagation of waves of various nature through a quasi-one-dimensional (e.g., ``meso-'' or ``nano-scale'') system that looks like a thin neighborhood of a graph. Works that currently would be classified as discussing quantum graphs have been appearing since at least the 1930s, and since then, quantum graphs techniques have been applied successfully in various areas of mathematical physics, mathematics in general and its applications. One can mention, for instance, dynamical systems theory, control theory, quantum chaos, Anderson localization, microelectronics, photonic crystals, physical chemistry, nano-sciences, superconductivity theory, etc. Quantum graphs present many non-trivial mathematical challenges, which makes them dear to a mathematician's heart. Work on quantum graphs has brought together tools and intuition coming from graph theory, combinatorics, mathematical physics, PDEs, and spectral theory. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the topic, collecting the main notions and techniques. It also contains a survey of the current state of the quantum graph research and applications.

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