imprisoned in english the hazards of english as a default language

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Imprisoned In English

Author : Anna Wierzbicka
ISBN : 9780199321506
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 83. 10 MB
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Imprisoned in English argues that in the present English-dominated world, social sciences and the humanities are locked in a conceptual framework grounded in English and that scholars need to break away from this framework to reach a more universal, culture-independent perspective on things human.

Understanding Cultures Through Their Key Words

Author : Anna Wierzbicka
ISBN : 019535849X
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 43. 90 MB
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This book develops the dual themes that languages can differ widely in their vocabularies, and are also sensitive indices to the cultures to which they belong. Wierzbicka seeks to demonstrate that every language has "key concepts," expressed in "key words," which reflect the core values of a given culture. She shows that cultures can be revealingly studied, compared, and explained to outsiders through their key concepts, and that the analytical framework necessary for this purpose is provided by the "natural semantic metalanguage," based on lexical universals, that the author and colleagues have developed on the basis of wide-ranging cross-linguistic investigations. Appealing to anthropologists, psychologists, and philosophers as well as linguists, this book demonstrates that cultural patterns can be studied in a verifiable, rigorous, and non-speculative way, on the basis of empirical evidence and in a coherent theoretical framework.

Emotions Across Languages And Cultures

Author : Anna Wierzbicka
ISBN : 0521599717
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 65. 79 MB
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This fascinating book explores the bodily expression of emotion in worldwide and culture-specific contexts.

The Bilingual Mind

Author : Aneta Pavlenko
ISBN : 9780521888424
Genre : Education
File Size : 71. 34 MB
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If languages influence the way we think, do bilinguals think differently in their respective languages? And if languages do not affect thought, why do bilinguals often perceive such influence? For many years these questions remained unanswered because the research on language and thought had focused solely on the monolingual mind. Bilinguals were either excluded from this research as 'unusual' or 'messy' subjects, or treated as representative speakers of their first languages. Only recently did bi- and multilinguals become research participants in their own right. Pavlenko considers the socio-political circumstances that led to the monolingual status quo and shows how the invisibility of bilingual participants compromised the validity and reliability of findings in the study of language and cognition. She then shifts attention to the bilingual turn in the field and examines its contributions to the understanding of the human mind.

Semantics Culture And Cognition

Author : Anna Wierzbicka
ISBN : 9780195360912
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 57. 78 MB
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Not everything that can be said in one language can be said in another. The lexicons of different languages seem to suggest different conceptual universes. Investigating cultures from a universal, language-independent perspective, this book rejects analytical tools derived from the English language and Anglo culture and proposes instead a "natural semantic metalanguage" formulated in English words but based on lexical universals. The outcome of two and a half decades of research, the metalanguage is made up of universal semantic primitives in terms of which all meanings--including the most culture-specific ones--can be described and compared in a precise and illuminating way. Integrating insights from linguistics, cultural anthropology, and cognitive psychology, and written in simple, non-technical language, Semantics, Culture, and Cognition is accessible not only to scholars and students, but also to the general reader interested in semantics and the relationship between language and culture.

The Better Angels Of Our Nature

Author : Steven Pinker
ISBN : 9781101544648
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 28. 24 MB
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Selected by The New York Times Book Review as a Notable Book of the Year The author of The New York Times bestseller The Stuff of Thought offers a controversial history of violence. Faced with the ceaseless stream of news about war, crime, and terrorism, one could easily think we live in the most violent age ever seen. Yet as New York Times bestselling author Steven Pinker shows in this startling and engaging new work, just the opposite is true: violence has been diminishing for millenia and we may be living in the most peaceful time in our species's existence. For most of history, war, slavery, infanticide, child abuse, assassinations, programs, gruesom punishments, deadly quarrels, and genocide were ordinary features of life. But today, Pinker shows (with the help of more than a hundred graphs and maps) all these forms of violence have dwindled and are widely condemned. How has this happened? This groundbreaking book continues Pinker's exploration of the esesnce of human nature, mixing psychology and history to provide a remarkable picture of an increasingly nonviolent world. The key, he explains, is to understand our intrinsic motives--the inner demons that incline us toward violence and the better angels that steer us away--and how changing circumstances have allowed our better angels to prevail. Exploding fatalist myths about humankind's inherent violence and the curse of modernity, this ambitious and provocative book is sure to be hotly debated in living rooms and the Pentagon alike, and will challenge and change the way we think about our society.

Anger S Past

Author : Barbara H. Rosenwein
ISBN : 0801483433
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 23. 3 MB
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This is the first study of the meaning of anger in the Middle Ages, exploring its cultural, social, linguistic and political contexts. Contents: Anger in monastic curses ( Lester Little ); Gertrude's furor ( Catherine Peyroux ); Prolegomena to a history of royal anger ( Gerd Althoff ); The punishment of blinding in the early medieval west ( Geneviève Buehrer-Thierry ); What did Henry III think in bed and in French about kingship and anger? ( Paul Hyams ); The politics of anger ( Stephen White ); `Zealous anger' and the renegotiation of aristocratic relationships in 11th and 12th century France ( Richard Barton ); Peasant anger in the Late Middle Ages ( Paul Freedman ); Anger and the Celtic saint ( Wendy Davies ); From anger on the behalf of God to `forbearance' in Islamic medieval literature ( Zouhair Ghazzal ); Controlling paradigms ( Barbara Rosenwein ).

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