human robotics neuromechanics and motor control

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Human Robotics

Author : Etienne Burdet
ISBN : 9780262019538
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 85 MB
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A synthesis of biomechanics and neural control that draws on recent advances in robotics to address control problems solved by the human sensorimotor system.

Biological Learning And Control

Author : Reza Shadmehr
ISBN : 9780262016964
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 34 MB
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In Biological Learning and Control, Reza Shadmehr and Sandro Mussa-Ivaldi present a theoretical framework for understanding the regularity of the brain's perceptions, its reactions to sensory stimuli, and its control of movements. They offer an account of perception as the combination of prediction and observation: the brain builds internal models that describe what should happen and then combines this prediction with reports from the sensory system to form a belief. Considering the brain's control of movements, and variations despite biomechanical similarities among old and young, healthy and unhealthy, and humans and other animals, Shadmehr and Mussa-Ivaldi review evidence suggesting that motor commands reflect an economic decision made by our brain weighing reward and effort. This evidence also suggests that the brain prefers to receive a reward sooner than later, devaluing or discounting reward with the passage of time; then as the value of the expected reward changes in the brain with the passing of time (because of development, disease, or evolution), the shape of our movements will also change. The internal models formed by the brain provide the brain with an essential survival skill: the ability to predict based on past observations. The formal concepts presented by Shadmehr and Mussa-Ivaldi offer a way to describe how representations are formed, what structure they have, and how the theoretical concepts can be tested.

Biomechanics And Motor Control

Author : Mark L. Latash
ISBN : 9780128005194
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 59. 55 MB
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Biomechanics and Motor Control: Defining Central Concepts provides a thorough update to the rapidly evolving fields of biomechanics of human motion and motor control with research published in biology, psychology, physics, medicine, physical therapy, robotics, and engineering consistently breaking new ground. This book clarifies the meaning of the most frequently used terms, and consists of four parts, with part one covering biomechanical concepts, including joint torques, stiffness and stiffness-like measures, viscosity, damping and impedance, and mechanical work and energy. Other sections deal with neurophysiological concepts used in motor control, such as muscle tone, reflex, pre-programmed reactions, efferent copy, and central pattern generator, and central motor control concepts, including redundancy and abundance, synergy, equilibrium-point hypothesis, and motor program, and posture and prehension from the field of motor behavior. The book is organized to cover smaller concepts within the context of larger concepts. For example, internal models are covered in the chapter on motor programs. Major concepts are not only defined, but given context as to how research came to use the term in this manner. Presents a unified approach to an interdisciplinary, fragmented area Defines key terms for understanding Identifies key theories, concepts, and applications across theoretical perspectives Provides historical context for definitions and theory evolution

Biomechanics Of The Musculo Skeletal System

Author : Benno M. Nigg
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123274495
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 9 MB
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The latest edition of this well organised and authoritative book provides a comprehensive account of the mechanics of the neuro-musculo-skeletal system. Covering the key areas including the properties of biomaterials, common measuring techniques and modelling, Biomechanics of the Musculo-skeletal System, Third Edition also integrates historical aspects thus building a bridge between old and familiar knowledge and the latest developments in biomechanics. As with the previous edition there are numerous applications and extensive questions and answers at the end of sections. Specific changes for this edition include: Major revision of the section on biological materials including bone, cartilage, ligament, tendon, muscle and joints and new discussion of failure and healing Extensive updating of material covering force, pressure distribution, optical methods and simulation Increase in the number and type of applications across a broad range of disciplines Biomechanics of the Musculo-skeletal System, Third Edition is an invaluable resource for all students, professionals and researchers concerned with biomechanical aspects of the human or animal body.

Biomechanics And Motor Control Of Human Movement

Author : David A. Winter
ISBN : 9780470398180
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 6 MB
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The classic book on human movement in biomechanics, newlyupdated Widely used and referenced, David Winter’s Biomechanicsand Motor Control of Human Movement is a classic examination oftechniques used to measure and analyze all body movements asmechanical systems, including such everyday movements as walking.It fills the gap in human movement science area where modernscience and technology are integrated with anatomy, musclephysiology, and electromyography to assess and understand humanmovement. In light of the explosive growth of the field, this new editionupdates and enhances the text with: Expanded coverage of 3D kinematics and kinetics New materials on biomechanical movement synergies and signalprocessing, including auto and cross correlation, frequencyanalysis, analog and digital filtering, and ensemble averagingtechniques Presentation of a wide spectrum of measurement and analysistechniques Updates to all existing chapters Basic physical and physiological principles in capsule form forquick reference An essential resource for researchers and student inkinesiology, bioengineering (rehabilitation engineering), physicaleducation, ergonomics, and physical and occupational therapy, thistext will also provide valuable to professionals in orthopedics,muscle physiology, and rehabilitation medicine. In response to manyrequests, the extensive numerical tables contained in Appendix A:"Kinematic, Kinetic, and Energy Data" can also be found at thefollowing Web site: www.wiley.com/go/biomechanics

Compliant Mechanisms

Author : Larry L. Howell
ISBN : 047138478X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 16 MB
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A concise survey of compliant mechanisms-from fundamentals to state-of-the-art applications This volume presents the newest and most effective methods for the analysis and design of compliant mechanisms. It provides a detailed review of compliant mechanisms and includes a wealth of useful design examples for engineers, students, and researchers. Concise chapters guide the reader from simple to more challenging concepts-using examples of increasing complexity-eventually leading to real-world applications for specific types of devices. The author focuses on compliant mechanisms that can be designed using both standard linear beam equations and more advanced pseudo-rigid-body models. He describes a number of special-purpose compliant mechanisms that have use across a wide range of applications and discusses compliant mechanisms in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) with several accompanying MEMS examples. Coverage of essential topics in strength of materials, machine design, and kinematics is provided to allow for a self-contained book that requires little additional reference to solve compliant mechanism problems. This information can be used as a refresher on the basics or as resource material for readers from other disciplines currently working in MEMS. Compliant Mechanisms serves as both an introductory text for students and an up-to-date resource for practitioners and researchers. It provides comprehensive, expert coverage of this growing field.

Tall Building Structures

Author : Bryan Stafford Smith
ISBN : UOM:39015039903961
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 49. 96 MB
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Examines structural aspects of high rise buildings, particularly fundamental approaches to the analysis of the behavior of different forms of building structures including frame, shear wall, tubular, core and outrigger-braced systems. Introductory chapters discuss the forces to which the structure is subjected, design criteria which are of the greatest relevance to tall buildings, and various structural forms which have developed over the years since the first skyscrapers were built at the turn of the century. A major chapter is devoted to the modeling of real structures for both preliminary and final analyses. Considerable attention is devoted to the assessment of the stability of the structure, and the significance of creep and shrinkage is discussed. A final chapter is devoted to the dynamic response of structures subjected to wind and earthquake forces. Includes both accurate computer-based and approximate methods of analysis.

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