harmonic analysis from fourier to wavelets

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Harmonic Analysis

Author : María Cristina Pereyra
ISBN : 9780821875667
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 31. 68 MB
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In the last 200 years, harmonic analysis has been one of the most influential bodies of mathematical ideas, having been exceptionally significant both in its theoretical implications and in its enormous range of applicability throughout mathematics, science, and engineering. In this book, the authors convey the remarkable beauty and applicability of the ideas that have grown from Fourier theory. They present for an advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate student audience the basics of harmonic analysis, from Fourier's study of the heat equation, and the decomposition of functions into sums of cosines and sines (frequency analysis), to dyadic harmonic analysis, and the decomposition of functions into a Haar basis (time localization). While concentrating on the Fourier and Haar cases, the book touches on aspects of the world that lies between these two different ways of decomposing functions: time-frequency analysis (wavelets). Both finite and continuous perspectives are presented, allowing for the introduction of discrete Fourier and Haar transforms and fast algorithms, such as the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) and its wavelet analogues. The approach combines rigorous proof, inviting motivation, and numerous applications. Over 250 exercises are included in the text. Each chapter ends with ideas for projects in harmonic analysis that students can work on independently. This book is published in cooperation with IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute.

Representation Discovery Using Harmonic Analysis

Author : Sridhar Mahadevan
ISBN : 9781598296600
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 11 MB
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Representations are at the heart of artificial intelligence (AI). This book is devoted to the problem of representation discovery: how can an intelligent system construct representations from its experience? Representation discovery re-parameterizes the state space - prior to the application of information retrieval, machine learning, or optimization techniques - facilitating later inference processes by constructing new task-specific bases adapted to the state space geometry. This book presents a general approach to representation discovery using the framework of harmonic analysis, in particular Fourier and wavelet analysis. Biometric compression methods, the compact disc, the computerized axial tomography (CAT) scanner in medicine, JPEG compression, and spectral analysis of time-series data are among the many applications of classical Fourier and wavelet analysis. A central goal of this book is to show that these analytical tools can be generalized from their usual setting in (infinite-dimensional) Euclidean spaces to discrete (finite-dimensional) spaces typically studied in many subfields of AI. Generalizing harmonic analysis to discrete spaces poses many challenges: a discrete representation of the space must be adaptively acquired; basis functions are not pre-defined, but rather must be constructed. Algorithms for efficiently computing and representing bases require dealing with the curse of dimensionality. However, the benefits can outweigh the costs, since the extracted basis functions outperform parametric bases as they often reflect the irregular shape of a particular state space. Case studies from computer graphics, information retrieval, machine learning, and state space planning are used to illustrate the benefits of the proposed framework, and the challenges that remain to be addressed. Representation discovery is an actively developing field, and the author hopes this book will encourage other researchers to explore this exciting area of research. Table of Contents: Overview / Vector Spaces / Fourier Bases on Graphs / Multiscale Bases on Graphs / Scaling to Large Spaces / Case Study: State-Space Planning / Case Study: Computer Graphics / Case Study: Natural Language / Future Directions

Generalized Harmonic Analysis And Wavelet Packets

Author : Khalifa Trimeche
ISBN : 9056993291
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49. 91 MB
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The book presents a more comprehensive treatment of transmutation operators associated with the Bessel operator, and explores many of their properties. They are fundamental in the complete study of the Bessel harmonic analysis and the Bessel wavelet packets. Many applications of these theories and their generalizations have been injected throughout the text by way of a rich collection of problems and references. The results and methods in this book should be of interest to graduate and researchers working in special functions such as Fourier analysis, hypergroup and operator theories, differential equations, probability theory and mathematical physics. Background materials are given in adequate detail to enable a graduate student to proceed rapidly from the very basics of the frontier of research in the area of generalized harmonic analysis and wavelets.

Four Short Courses On Harmonic Analysis

Author : Brigitte Forster
ISBN : 9780817648916
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 37. 16 MB
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Written by internationally renowned mathematicians, this state-of-the-art textbook examines four research directions in harmonic analysis and features some of the latest applications in the field. The work is the first one that combines spline theory, wavelets, frames, and time-frequency methods leading up to a construction of wavelets on manifolds other than Rn. Four Short Courses on Harmonic Analysis is intended as a graduate-level textbook for courses or seminars on harmonic analysis and its applications. The work is also an excellent reference or self-study guide for researchers and practitioners with diverse mathematical backgrounds working in different fields such as pure and applied mathematics, image and signal processing engineering, mathematical physics, and communication theory.

A Panorama Of Harmonic Analysis

Author : Steven Krantz
ISBN : 0883850311
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 39. 10 MB
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Tracing a path from the earliest beginnings of Fourier series through to the latest research A Panorama of Harmonic Analysis discusses Fourier series of one and several variables, the Fourier transform, spherical harmonics, fractional integrals, and singular integrals on Euclidean space. The climax is a consideration of ideas from the point of view of spaces of homogeneous type, which culminates in a discussion of wavelets. This book is intended for graduate students and advanced undergraduates, and mathematicians of whatever background who want a clear and concise overview of the subject of commutative harmonic analysis.

Introduction To Fourier Analysis And Wavelets

Author : Mark A. Pinsky
ISBN : 9780821847978
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38. 24 MB
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This book provides a concrete introduction to a number of topics in harmonic analysis, accessible at the early graduate level or, in some cases, at an upper undergraduate level. Necessary prerequisites to using the text are rudiments of the Lebesgue measure and integration on the real line. It begins with a thorough treatment of Fourier series on the circle and their applications to approximation theory, probability, and plane geometry (the isoperimetric theorem). Frequently, more than one proof is offered for a given theorem to illustrate the multiplicity of approaches. The second chapter treats the Fourier transform on Euclidean spaces, especially the author's results in the three-dimensional piecewise smooth case, which is distinct from the classical Gibbs-Wilbraham phenomenon of one-dimensional Fourier analysis. The Poisson summation formula treated in Chapter 3 provides an elegant connection between Fourier series on the circle and Fourier transforms on the real line, culminating in Landau's asymptotic formulas for lattice points on a large sphere. Much of modern harmonic analysis is concerned with the behavior of various linear operators on the Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$. Chapter 4 gives a gentle introduction to these results, using the Riesz-Thorin theorem and the Marcinkiewicz interpolation formula. One of the long-time users of Fourier analysis is probability theory. In Chapter 5 the central limit theorem, iterated log theorem, and Berry-Esseen theorems are developed using the suitable Fourier-analytic tools. The final chapter furnishes a gentle introduction to wavelet theory, depending only on the $L_2$ theory of the Fourier transform (the Plancherel theorem). The basic notions of scale and location parameters demonstrate the flexibility of the wavelet approach to harmonic analysis. The text contains numerous examples and more than 200 exercises, each located in close proximity to the related theoretical material.

Fourier And Wavelet Analysis

Author : George Bachmann
ISBN : 9781461205050
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 33. 35 MB
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This comprehensive volume develops all of the standard features of Fourier analysis - Fourier series, Fourier transform, Fourier sine and cosine transforms, and wavelets. The books approach emphasizes the role of the "selector" functions, and is not embedded in the usual engineering context, which makes the material more accessible to a wider audience. While there are several publications on the various individual topics, none combine or even include all of the above.

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