green petroleum how oil and gas can be environmentally sustainable

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Green Petroleum

Author : M. R. Islam
ISBN : 9781118444078
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 79 MB
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Can "green petroleum" reverse global warming and bring down high gasoline prices? Written in non-technical language for the layperson, this book investigates and details how the oil and gas industry can "go green" with new processes and technologies, thus bringing the world's most important industry closer to environmental and economic sustainability.

Catalysis Of Organic Reactions

Author : Stephen R. Schmidt
ISBN : 1420007793
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 14 MB
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Bringing together academic, industrial, and governmental researchers and developers, Catalysis of Organic Reactions comprises 57 peer-reviewed papers on the latest scientific developments in applied catalysis for organic reactions. The volume describes the use of both heterogeneous and homogeneous catalyst systems and includes original research articles on processes with potential industrial applications. The contributors, renowned leaders in the field, discuss noteworthy findings that include the award-winning studies by Isamu Yamauchi on metastable precursors to Raney® catalysts and by Gadi Rothenberg on methods for finding the best homogeneous catalysts. The book covers the synthesis of fine chemicals and pharmaceutical intermediates, solid acid catalysis, selective oxidation, chiral synthesis, combinatorial methods, nanotechnology, and “green” processes. These topics are organized by broad groupings based on major process types, such as hydrogenations and oxidations, or themes, such as novel methods and environmental consciousness. Covering the most recent significant developments in catalysis, this compilation is ideal for chemists and chemical engineers who apply homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis in the synthesis of pharmaceutical, fine, or commodity chemicals.

Biofuel Energy Spent Coffee Grounds Biodiesel Bioethanol And Solid Fuel

Author : Mebrahtu Haile
ISBN : 9783954893058
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 85 MB
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In this study, the use of waste coffee grounds for biodiesel producution, its solid by-product after oil extraction for bioethanol generation, and the second by-product after bioethanol generation for solid fuel generation is explored. For the study, waste coffee grounds samples were gathered from TOMOCA PLC, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The oil was then concentrated utilizing n-hexane and brought about an oil yield of 19.73 %w/w. The biodiesel was acquired by a two-stage process, i.e. acid catalyzed esterification followed by base catalyzed transesterification utilizing catalysts sulfuric acid and sodium hydroxide respectively. The change, after esterification of waste coffee grounds oil into biodiesel, was about 80.4%w/w. Different parameters that are fundamental for biodiesel quality were assessed utilizing the American Standard for Testing Material (ASTM D 6751- 09) and revealed that all quality parameters are inside the extent pointed out aside from acid value. Also, the strong waste staying after oil extraction was researched for conceivable use as a feedstock for the generation of bioethanol and brought about a bioethanol yield of 8.3 %v/v. Moreover, the solid waste staying after bioethanol generation was assessed for solid fuel (20.8 MJ/Kg) applications.

Petroleum Review

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924092763444
Genre : Petroleum
File Size : 26. 43 MB
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Environmental Science And Technology

Author : Stanley E. Manahan
ISBN : 0849395127
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 9 MB
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Formally established by the EPA nearly 15 years ago, the concept of green chemistry is beginning to come of age. Although several books cover green chemistry and chemical engineering, none of them transfer green principles to science and technology in general and their impact on the future. Defining industrial ecology, Environmental Science and Technology: A Sustainable Approach to Green Science and Technology provides a general overview of green science and technology and their essential role in ensuring environmental sustainability. Written by a leading expert, the book provides the essential background for understanding green science and technology and how they relate to sustainability. In addition to the hydrosphere, atmosphere, geosphere, and biosphere traditionally covered in environmental science books, this book is unique in recognizing the anthrosphere as a distinct sphere of the environment. The author explains how the anthrosphere can be designed and operated in a manner that does not degrade environmental quality and, in most favorable circumstances, may even enhance it. With the current emphasis shifting from end-of-pipe solutions to pollution prevention and control of resource consumption, green principles are increasingly moving into the mainstream. This book provides the foundation not only for understanding green science and technology, but also for taking its application to the next level.

Capture And Utilization Of Carbon Dioxide With Polyethylene Glycol

Author : Zhen-Zhen Yang
ISBN : 9783642312687
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 20 MB
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In this volume, Professor He and his coworkers summarize polyethylene glycol (PEG)-promoted CO2 chemistry on the basis of understanding about phase behavior of PEG/CO2 system and reaction mechanism at molecular level. As PEG could be utilized as a green replacement for organic solvents, phase-transfer catalyst, surfactant, support in various reaction systems, significantly promoting catalytic activity and recovering expensive metal catalysts, particularly regarded as a CO2-philic material, the authors focus on special applications of PEG in CO2 capture and utilization, including PEG-functionalized catalysts for efficient transformation of CO2 and PEG-functionalized absorbents for efficient CO2 capture. Furthermore, they describe carbon capture and utilization strategy as an alternative approach to address the energy penalty problem in carbon capture and storage. Interestingly, the authors also discuss PEG radical chemistry in dense CO2 as rather creative and unusual use of PEG, presumably serves as a reaction medium and a radical initiator for radical chemistry.

Governance Of The Petroleum Sector In An Emerging Developing Economy

Author : Professor Kwaku Appiah-Adu
ISBN : 9781409463092
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 67. 48 MB
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Oil exploration in the developing world has been and continues to be a high profile and high risk activity attracting media coverage and stimulating much debate. In Governance of the Petroleum Sector in an Emerging Developing Economy, Professor Kwaku Appiah-Adu has assembled an edited volume that provides insight into critical aspects of this highly sensitive activity. Professor Appiah-Adu’s starting point is Ghana, where he has been closely involved in national policy-making. The book makes comparisons between that African country and others as diverse as Trinidad and Tobago, and Norway. The contributors, global experts in their respective fields, explore five critical themes and propose strategies for progress in each. You will find an in-depth analysis relating to: turning oil and gas wealth into sustainable and equitable development; entrenching transparency and stakeholder engagement; effective management of the oil and gas sector; and safeguarding security and the environment. Finally, country specific models and lessons, particularly for Ghana and other African oil producing nations, are offered. This book serves as reference for business practitioners, policy makers, scholars, students and anyone interested in gaining insight into the oil and gas sector, particularly as it pertains to Ghana and other African petroleum producing nations, with lessons drawn from the global arena and international best practice.

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