grain boundaries and crystalline plasticity

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Grain Boundaries And Crystalline Plasticity

Author : Louisette Priester
ISBN : 9781118603109
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 52 MB
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This book explores the fundamental role of grain boundaries in the plasticity of crystalline materials, providing a multi-scale approach to plasticity to facilitate understanding. It starts with the atomic description of a grain boundary, moves on to the elemental interaction processes between dislocations and grain boundaries, and finally shows how the microscopic phenomena influence the macroscopic behaviors and constitutive laws. Drawing on topics from physical, chemical, and mechanical disciplines, this work also explains properties of deformation at low and high temperature, creep, fatigue, and rupture.

Predictive Microstructural Modeling Of Grain Boundary Interactions And Their Effects On Overall Crystalline Behavior

Author :
ISBN : 9781109159875
Genre :
File Size : 61. 12 MB
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A dislocation-density grain boundary interaction scheme (DDGBI) has been developed to account for complex interrelated dislocation-density interactions of emission, absorption and transmission in grain-boundary (GB) regions for bicrystals and polycrystals with different random and coincident site lattice (CSL) GB arrangements. This scheme is coupled to a dislocation-density crystalline plasticity formulation and specialized finite-element scheme at different physical scales. The DDGBI scheme is based on slip-system compatibility, local resolved shear stresses, and immobile and mobile dislocation-density activities at GBs. A conservation law for dislocation-densities is used to balance dislocation-density absorption, transmission and emission in GB regions. It is shown that dislocation-density absorptions and pile-ups will increase immobile dislocation-densities in high angle CSL boundaries, such as Sigma17b. Lower angle CSLs, such as Sigma1, are characterized by high transmission rates and insignificant GB dislocation-density accumulations. The identification of how different material mechanisms dominate underscores that GB activities, such as dislocation-density absorption, transmission and emission are interrelated interactions. These GB processes can be potentially controlled for desired material behavior. This methodology, together with grain boundary sliding (GBS) scheme and a misorientation dependence on initial GB dislocation-densities, was extended to account for grain size effects on strength. The behavior of polycrystalline aggregates with random low angle and random high angle GBs was also investigated with different crack lengths. For aggregates with random low angle GBs, dislocation-density transmission dominates at the GBs, which indicates that the low angle GB will not significantly change crack growth orientations. For aggregates with random high angle GBs, extensive dislocation-density absorption and pile-ups occur. The high stresses along the GB regions can result in intergranular crack growth due to potential crack nucleation sites in the GB. It is also shown that GB sliding affects crack behavior by attenuating normal stresses and dislocation-density accumulation at critical GB interfaces.

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods

Author : Franz Roters
ISBN : 9783527642090
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 31 MB
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Written by the leading experts in computational materials science, this handy reference concisely reviews the most important aspects of plasticity modeling: constitutive laws, phase transformations, texture methods, continuum approaches and damage mechanisms. As a result, it provides the knowledge needed to avoid failures in critical systems udner mechanical load. With its various application examples to micro- and macrostructure mechanics, this is an invaluable resource for mechanical engineers as well as for researchers wanting to improve on this method and extend its outreach.

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods

Author : Franz Roters
ISBN : 9783527642090
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71. 23 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 114
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Written by the leading experts in computational materials science, this handy reference concisely reviews the most important aspects of plasticity modeling: constitutive laws, phase transformations, texture methods, continuum approaches and damage mechanisms. As a result, it provides the knowledge needed to avoid failures in critical systems udner mechanical load. With its various application examples to micro- and macrostructure mechanics, this is an invaluable resource for mechanical engineers as well as for researchers wanting to improve on this method and extend its outreach.

Integrated Computational Materials Engineering Icme For Metals

Author : Mark F. Horstemeyer
ISBN : 9781118342657
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86. 97 MB
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State-of-the-technology tools for designing, optimizing, and manufacturing new materials Integrated computational materials engineering (ICME) uses computational materials science tools within a holistic system in order to accelerate materials development, improve design optimization, and unify design and manufacturing. Increasingly, ICME is the preferred paradigm for design, development, and manufacturing of structural products. Written by one of the world's leading ICME experts, this text delivers a comprehensive, practical introduction to the field, guiding readers through multiscale materials processing modeling and simulation with easy-to-follow explanations and examples. Following an introductory chapter exploring the core concepts and the various disciplines that have contributed to the development of ICME, the text covers the following important topics with their associated length scale bridging methodologies: Macroscale continuum internal state variable plasticity and damage theory and multistage fatigue Mesoscale analysis: continuum theory methods with discrete features and methods Discrete dislocation dynamics simulations Atomistic modeling methods Electronics structures calculations Next, the author provides three chapters dedicated to detailed case studies, including "From Atoms to Autos: A Redesign of a Cadillac Control Arm," that show how the principles and methods of ICME work in practice. The final chapter examines the future of ICME, forecasting the development of new materials and engineering structures with the help of a cyberinfrastructure that has been recently established. Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) for Metals is recommended for both students and professionals in engineering and materials science, providing them with new state-of-the-technology tools for selecting, designing, optimizing, and manufacturing new materials. Instructors who adopt this text for coursework can take advantage of PowerPoint lecture notes, a questions and solutions manual, and tutorials to guide students through the models and codes discussed in the text.

Defects And Diffusion In Metals

Author : D. J. Fisher
ISBN : UOM:39015039857928
Genre : Metals
File Size : 37. 21 MB
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Deformation Of Earth Materials

Author : Shun-ichiro Karato
ISBN : 9781139469562
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 84 MB
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This graduate textbook presents a comprehensive, unified treatment of the materials science of deformation as applied to solid Earth geophysics and geology. The deformation of Earth materials is presented in a systematic way covering elastic, anelastic and viscous deformation. Advanced discussions on relevant debates are also included to bring readers a full picture of science in this interdisciplinary area. This textbook is ideal for graduate courses on the rheology and dynamics of solid Earth, and includes review questions with solutions so readers can monitor their understanding of the material presented. It is also a much-needed reference for geoscientists in many fields including geology, geophysics, geochemistry, materials science, mineralogy and ceramics.

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