geometric realizations of curvature

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Geometric Realizations Of Curvature

Author : Miguel Brozos-Vázquez
ISBN : 9781848167414
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 26. 88 MB
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A central area of study in Differential Geometry is the examination of the relationship between the purely algebraic properties of the Riemann curvature tensor and the underlying geometric properties of the manifold. In this book, the findings of numerous investigations in this field of study are reviewed and presented in a clear, coherent form, including the latest developments and proofs. Even though many authors have worked in this area in recent years, many fundamental questions still remain unanswered. Many studies begin by first working purely algebraically and then later progressing onto the geometric setting and it has been found that many questions in differential geometry can be phrased as problems involving the geometric realization of curvature. Curvature decompositions are central to all investigations in this area. The authors present numerous results including the Singer–Thorpe decomposition, the Bokan decomposition, the Nikcevic decomposition, the Tricerri–Vanhecke decomposition, the Gray–Hervella decomposition and the De Smedt decomposition. They then proceed to draw appropriate geometric conclusions from these decompositions.The book organizes, in one coherent volume, the results of research completed by many different investigators over the past 30 years. Complete proofs are given of results that are often only outlined in the original publications. Whereas the original results are usually in the positive definite (Riemannian setting), here the authors extend the results to the pseudo-Riemannian setting and then further, in a complex framework, to para-Hermitian geometry as well. In addition to that, new results are obtained as well, making this an ideal text for anyone wishing to further their knowledge of the science of curvature.

Metric Spaces Of Non Positive Curvature

Author : Martin R. Bridson
ISBN : 3540643249
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 61. 92 MB
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The purpose of this book is to describe the global properties of complete simply connected spaces that are non-positively curved in the sense of A. D. Alexandrov and to examine the structure of groups that act properly on such spaces by isometries. Thus the central objects of study are metric spaces in which every pair of points can be joined by an arc isometric to a compact interval of the real line and in which every triangle satisfies the CAT(O) inequality. This inequality encapsulates the concept of non-positive curvature in Riemannian geometry and allows one to reflect the same concept faithfully in a much wider setting - that of geodesic metric spaces. Because the CAT(O) condition captures the essence of non-positive curvature so well, spaces that satisfy this condition display many of the elegant features inherent in the geometry of non-positively curved manifolds. There is therefore a great deal to be said about the global structure of CAT(O) spaces, and also about the structure of groups that act on them by isometries - such is the theme of this book. 1 The origins of our study lie in the fundamental work of A. D. Alexandrov .

The Geometry Of Walker Manifolds

Author : Miguel Brozos-Vázquez
ISBN : 9781598298192
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34. 53 MB
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Basic algebraic notions -- Introduction -- A historical perspective in the algebraic context -- Algebraic preliminaries -- Jordan normal form -- Indefinite geometry -- Algebraic curvature tensors -- Hermitian and para-Hermitian geometry -- The Jacobi and skew symmetric curvature operators -- Sectional, Ricci, scalar, and Weyl curvature -- Curvature decompositions -- Self-duality and anti-self-duality conditions -- Spectral geometry of the curvature operator -- Osserman and conformally Osserman models -- Osserman curvature models in signature (2, 2) -- Ivanov-Petrova curvature models -- Osserman Ivanov-Petrova curvature models -- Commuting curvature models -- Basic geometrical notions -- Introduction -- History -- Basic manifold theory -- The tangent bundle, lie bracket, and lie groups -- The cotangent bundle and symplectic geometry -- Connections, curvature, geodesics, and holonomy -- Pseudo-Riemannian geometry -- The Levi-Civita connection -- Associated natural operators -- Weyl scalar invariants -- Null distributions -- Pseudo-Riemannian holonomy -- Other geometric structures -- Pseudo-Hermitian and para-Hermitian structures -- Hyper-para-Hermitian structures -- Geometric realizations -- Homogeneous spaces, and curvature homogeneity -- Technical results in differential equations -- Walker structures -- Introduction -- Historical development -- Walker coordinates -- Examples of Walker manifolds -- Hypersurfaces with nilpotent shape operators -- Locally conformally flat metrics with nilpotent Ricci operator -- Degenerate pseudo-Riemannian homogeneous structures -- Para-Kaehler geometry -- Two-step nilpotent lie groups with degenerate center -- Conformally symmetric pseudo-Riemannian metrics -- Riemannian extensions -- The affine category -- Twisted Riemannian extensions defined by flat connections -- Modified Riemannian extensions defined by flat connections -- Nilpotent Walker manifolds -- Osserman Riemannian extensions -- Ivanov-Petrova Riemannian extensions -- Three-dimensional Lorentzian Walker manifolds -- Introduction -- History -- Three dimensional Walker geometry -- Adapted coordinates -- The Jordan normal form of the Ricci operator -- Christoffel symbols, curvature, and the Ricci tensor -- Locally symmetric Walker manifolds -- Einstein-like manifolds -- The spectral geometry of the curvature tensor -- Curvature commutativity properties -- Local geometry of Walker manifolds with -- Foliated Walker manifolds -- Contact Walker manifolds -- Strict Walker manifolds -- Three dimensional homogeneous Lorentzian manifolds -- Three dimensional lie groups and lie algebras -- Curvature homogeneous Lorentzian manifolds -- Diagonalizable Ricci operator -- Type II Ricci operator -- Four-dimensional Walker manifolds -- Introduction -- History -- Four-dimensional Walker manifolds -- Almost para-Hermitian geometry -- Isotropic almost para-Hermitian structures -- Characteristic classes -- Self-dual Walker manifolds -- The spectral geometry of the curvature tensor -- Introduction -- History -- Four-dimensional Osserman metrics -- Osserman metrics with diagonalizable Jacobi operator -- Osserman Walker type II metrics -- Osserman and Ivanov-Petrova metrics -- Riemannian extensions of affine surfaces -- Affine surfaces with skew symmetric Ricci tensor -- Affine surfaces with symmetric and degenerate Ricci tensor -- Riemannian extensions with commuting curvature operators -- Other examples with commuting curvature operators -- Hermitian geometry -- Introduction -- History -- Almost Hermitian geometry of Walker manifolds -- The proper almost Hermitian structure of a Walker manifold -- Proper almost hyper-para-Hermitian structures -- Hermitian Walker manifolds of dimension four -- Proper Hermitian Walker structures -- Locally conformally Kaehler structures -- Almost Kaehler Walker four-dimensional manifolds -- Special Walker manifolds -- Introduction -- History -- Curvature commuting conditions -- Curvature homogeneous strict Walker manifolds -- Bibliography.

Curvature In Mathematics And Physics

Author : Shlomo Sternberg
ISBN : 9780486478555
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 28. 12 MB
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As astronaut Donald K. Slayton notes in his Foreword, this chronicle emphasizes the cooperation of "humans on space and on the ground. It realistically balances the role of the highly visible astronaut with the mammoth supporting team." An official NASA publication, Suddenly, Tomorrow Came is profusely illustrated with forty-four figures and tables, plus sixty-three photographs. Historian Paul Dickson brings the narrative up to date with an informative new Introduction.

Curvature And Homology

Author : Samuel I. Goldberg
ISBN : 048664314X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 47. 56 MB
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Revised edition examines topology of differentiable manifolds; curvature, homology of Riemannian manifolds; compact Lie groups; complex manifolds; curvature, homology of Kaehler manifolds.

Pdes Submanifolds And Affine Differential Geometry

Author : Stefan Banach International Mathematical Center
ISBN : UOM:39015056297370
Genre : Affine differential geometry
File Size : 42. 25 MB
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Generalized Lie Theory In Mathematics Physics And Beyond

Author : Sergei D. Silvestrov
ISBN : 9783540853329
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 58. 63 MB
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This book explores the cutting edge of the fundamental role of generalizations of Lie theory and related non-commutative and non-associative structures in mathematics and physics.

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