gender and parenthood biological and social scientific perspectives

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Gender And Parenthood

Author : William Bradford Wilcox
ISBN : 9780231530972
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 40. 79 MB
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'Gender and Parenthood' integrates biological and social scientific perspectives to evaluate the transformative experience of gendered parenthood on both men and women. It maps the similar and distinct roles mothers and fathers play in their children's lives, and it measures the effect of gendered parenting on child wellbeing, work and family arrangements, and the quality of couples' relationships.

Gender And The Life Course

Author : Alice S. Rossi
ISBN : 0202366235
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58. 1 MB
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Gender and the Life Course is an interdisciplinary collection of essays on the lives of women and men as they are affected by history, culture, demography, economic and political stratification, and the biopsychological processes that attend maturation and aging. The book covers three major topics. Part I, which examines gender and the life course in broad historical perspective, includes a summary of recent work in biological ecology and primatology, and an analysis of the persistence of cultural and gender differences in role organization in societies undergoing the transition from agrarianism to industrialism. Other essays trace the changes in sources of household income of industrial workers over the life span, and review temporal and gender differences in life span transitions. Part II examines gender differentiation in a variety of contexts: psychological, psychobiologi-cal, and sociological. Alice Rossi's ASA Presidential Address reviews recent work on fathering and mothering, and argues that sociological explanations of such gender differences need supplementation by concepts from evolutionary theory and the neurosciences. Three essays deal with gender and economy: one shows how gender stratification took hold in the early stages of industrialization in France, another demonstrates the persistence of gender stratification in modern economies, the third focuses on ideology in relation to gender and political power. Part III examines various aspects of the aged in contemporary society, including an argument for an jnterpretive social science that uses diverse methods to improve our ability to describe and interpret many facets of the lives of elderly men and women; a review of the methodology used to study changes in the aged population over time; and an overview of existing data sets that permit further cohort and longitudinal analyses of the aged. The final essays review social policies as they affect the elderly, with particular attention to the fact that most very old people are women, and the impact of the greatly expanded life course for family and kin relations. "Gender and the Life Course "is a state-of-the-art assessment of the best work currently being done' on gender and age a's maturational factors and is essential reading for anyone interested in adult development and gender roles.

Whither The Child

Author : Eric P. Kaufmann
ISBN : 9781317249115
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50. 18 MB
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Birth rates are falling and fertility rates are well below replacement levels. At the same time, the economic crisis has forced governments to scale back public spending, reduce child support, and raise the retirement age, causing immense social conflict. Taking a step outside the disciplinary comfort zone, Whither the Child? asks how demography affects individuals and society. What does it feel like to live in a low fertility world? What are the consequences? Is there even a problem - economically, culturally and morally? No other book confronts so many dimensions of the low fertility issue and none engage with the thorny issues of child psychology, parenting, family, and social policy that are tackled head-on here.

The Two Sexes

Author : Eleanor E. Maccoby
ISBN : 0674914821
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 33. 98 MB
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How does being male or female shape us? And what, aside from obvious anatomical differences, does being male or female mean? In this book, the distinguished psychologist Eleanor Maccoby explores how individuals express their sexual identity at successive periods of their lives. A book about sex in the broadest sense, The Two Sexes seeks to tell us how our development from infancy through adolescence and into adulthood is affected by gender. Chief among Maccoby's contentions is that gender differences appear primarily in group, or social, contexts. In childhood, boys and girls tend to gravitate toward others of their own sex. The Two Sexes examines why this segregation occurs and how boys' groups and girls' groups develop distinct cultures with different agendas. Deploying evidence from her own research and studies by many other scholars, Maccoby identifies a complex combination of biological, cognitive, and social factors that contribute to gender segregation and group differentiation. A major finding of The Two Sexes is that these childhood experiences in same-sex groups profoundly influence how members of the two sexes relate to one another in adulthood--as lovers, coworkers, and parents. Maccoby shows how, in constructing these adult relationships, men and women utilize old elements from their childhood experiences as well as new ones arising from different adult agendas. Finally, she considers social changes in gender roles in light of her discoveries about the constraints and opportunities implicit in the same-sex and cross-sex relationships of childhood.

Buddhism In World Cultures

Author : Stephen C. Berkwitz
ISBN : 9781851097821
Genre : Reference
File Size : 78. 31 MB
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A comprehensive overview of modern Buddhism across cultures, showing how this ancient religion has adapted to recent social and political change.

Gender And Social Psychology

Author : Vivien Burr
ISBN : 9781134726912
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 81. 2 MB
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Explaining theory and research in an accessible but thorough manner, Gender and Social Psychology critically evaluates the contribution that psychology has made to the study of gender, examining key issues such a family roles and parenting, inequalities in education, jobs and pay, and the effects of media representation of the sexes.


Author : Frank Hamilton Hankins
ISBN : UOM:39076000325543
Genre : Sociology
File Size : 72. 83 MB
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Includes sections "Book reviews" and "Periodical literature."

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