extended nanofluidic systems for chemistry and biotechnology

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Extended Nanofluidic Systems For Chemistry And Biotechnology

Author : Kazuma Mawatari
ISBN : 9781848168015
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 69 MB
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For the past decade, new research fields utilizing microfluidics have been formed. General micro-integration methods were proposed, and the supporting fundamental technologies were widely developed. These methodologies have made various applications in the fields of analytical and chemical synthesis, and their superior performances such as rapid, simple, and high efficient processing have been proved. Recently, the space is further downscaling to 101 103nm scale (we call the space extended-nano space). The extended-nano space located between the conventional nanotechnology (100 101nm) and microtechnology (>1 m), and the research tools are not well established. In addition, the extended-nano space is a transient space from single molecules to bulk condensed phase, and fluidics and chemistry are not unknown. For these purposes, basic methodologies were developed, and new specific phenomena in fluidics and chemistry were found. These new phenomena were applied to unique chemical operations such as concentration and ion selection. The new research fields which are now being created are quite different from those in microspace. Unique devices are also increasingly being reported. In this book, we describe the fundamental technologies for extended-nano space and show the unique liquid properties found in this space and applications for single molecule or cell analysis. The research area is very new and hence, exciting. In contrast to other specialized areas, the research fields require wide knowledge (chemistry, fluidics, mechanics, photonics, biology etc.) and state-of-the-art technologies (bottom-up and top-down fabrication for various hard and soft materials, precise fluidic control, single molecule detection methods, and particle surface modification methods etc.), which have not been not covered by conventional review papers or books. Therefore, researchers or students new to the field need a new book covering these fields including recent research topics, applications and problems to be solved in the future. Our motivation is to summarize the state-of-the-art technologies for research and demonstrate new chemistry and fluidics in extended-nano space for students and researchers in academia or industry. We also emphasize the potential large impact microfluidic technologies have on chemistry and biochemistry.

The Recovery Of Gold From Secondary Sources

Author : Syed Sabir
ISBN : 9781783269914
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 57 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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New discoveries of the properties of gold at a nanoscale, and its effective use in modern technologies, have been driving a virtual "gold rush". Depleting natural resources has meant that the recovery of gold continues to grow in importance and relevance. The Recovery of Gold from Secondary Sources analyses the most advanced technology in gold recovery and recycling from spent sources of mobile phones, unwanted electronic equipment and waste materials. State-of-the-art techniques of hydrometallurgical and bio-metallurgical processing, leaching, cementing, adsorbing and separation through bio-sorbents are all described in detail, providing a guide for students and researchers. Discussion of environmentally friendly methods of recovery are presented, in order to provide modern-day alternatives to previous techniques. For those interested in the study of gold recovery this book gives a comprehensive overview of current recovery, making it the ultimate source of information for students, researchers, chemists, metallurgists, environmental scientists and electronic waste recovery experts. Contents: Introduction (S Syed)Leaching of Gold from the Spent/End-of-Life Mobile Phone-PCBs using "Greener Reagents" (Jae-chun Lee and Rajiv R Srivastava)Electroless Displacement Deposition of Gold from Aqueous Source — Recovery from Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) using Waste Silicon Powder (Kenji Fukuda and Shinji Yae)Adsorption of Gold on Granular Activated Carbons and New Sources of Renewable and Eco-Friendly Activated Carbons (Gerrard Eddy Jai Poinern, Shashi Sharma, and Derek Fawcett)Development of Novel Biosorbents for Gold and Their Application for the Recovery of Gold from Spent Mobile Phones (Katsutoshi Inoue, Manju Gurung, Hidetaka Kawakita, Keisuke Ohto, Durga Parajuli, Bimala Pangeni, and Shafiq Alam)Environmentally Friendly Processes for the Recovery of Gold from Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE): A Review (Isabella Lancellotti, Roberto Giovanardi, Elena Bursi, and Luisa Barbieri)Study on the Influence of Various Factors in the Hydrometallurgical Processing of Waste Electronic Materials for Gold Recovery (I Birloaga and F Vegliò) Readership: Students, researchers, chemists, metallurgists, environmental scientists and electronic waste recovery experts.

Genetic Engineering News

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123651247
Genre : Genetic engineering
File Size : 80. 38 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Nanoscience

Author : Hans-Eckhardt Schaefer
ISBN : 3642105599
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 74 MB
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Nanoscience stands out for its interdisciplinarity. Barriers between disciplines disappear and the fields tend to converge at the very smallest scale, where basic principles and tools are universal. Novel properties are inherent to nanosized systems due to quantum effects and a reduction in dimensionality: nanoscience is likely to continue to revolutionize many areas of human activity, such as materials science, nanoelectronics, information processing, biotechnology and medicine. This textbook spans all fields of nanoscience, covering its basics and broad applications. After an introduction to the physical and chemical principles of nanoscience, coverage moves on to the adjacent fields of microscopy, nanoanalysis, synthesis, nanocrystals, nanowires, nanolayers, carbon nanostructures, bulk nanomaterials, nanomechanics, nanophotonics, nanofluidics, nanomagnetism, nanotechnology for computers, nanochemistry, nanobiology, and nanomedicine. Consequently, this broad yet unified coverage addresses research in academia and industry across the natural scientists. Didactically structured and replete with hundreds of illustrations, the textbook is aimed primarily at graduate and advanced-undergraduate students of natural sciences and medicine, and their lecturers.

Genetic Engineering Biotechnology News

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000059773535
Genre : Biotechnology
File Size : 58. 30 MB
Format : PDF
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Diffusion

Author : E. L. Cussler
ISBN : 9780521871211
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 28 MB
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The clearest coverage available of diffusion and mass transfer, which is a key part of the chemical engineering curriculum.

Polymer Nanofibers

Author : Dario Pisignano
ISBN : 9781849735742
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 7 MB
Format : PDF
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Research into polymer nanofibers has increased significantly over the last decade, prompting the need for a comprehensive monograph examining the subject as knowledge of their properties and potential applications has increased. Postgraduate students and researchers new to the field will benefit from the "from materials to applications" approach to the book, which examines the physio-chemical properties in detail, demonstrating how they can be exploited for a diverse range of applications, including the production of light and wound dressings. Techniques for the fabrication, notably electrospinning, are discussed at length. This book provides a unique and accessible source of information, summarising the last decade of the field and presenting an entry point for those entering the field and an inspiration to established workers. The author is currently the national coordinator for several research projects examining the applications of polymer nanofibers, alongside active international collaborations.

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