environmental applications of nanomaterials synthesis sorbents and sensors 2nd edition

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Environmental Applications Of Nanomaterials

Author : Glen E Fryxell
ISBN : 9781908977069
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 34 MB
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This book is concerned with functional nanomaterials, materials containing specific, predictable nanostructures whose chemical composition, or interfacial structure enables them to perform a specific job: to destroy, sequester, or detect some material that constitutes an environmental threat. Nanomaterials have a number of features that make them ideally suited for this job: they have a high surface area, high reactivity, easy dispersability, and rapid diffusion, to name a few. The purpose of this book is to showcase how these features can be tailored to address some of the environmental remediation and sensing/detection problems faced by mankind today. A number of leading researchers have contributed to this volume, painting a picture of diverse synthetic strategies, structures, materials, and methods. The intent of this book is to showcase the current state of environmental nanomaterials in such a way as to be useful both as a research resource and as a graduate level textbook. We have organized this book into sections on nanoparticle-based remediation strategies, nanostructured inorganic materials (e.g. layered materials like the apatites), nanostructured organic/inorganic hybrid materials, and the use of nanomaterials to enhance the performance of sensors. Contents:Nanoparticle-based Approaches:Nanoparticle Metal Oxides for Chlorocarbon and Organophosphonate Remediation (Olga B Koper, Shyamala Rajagopalan, Slawomir Winecki and Kenneth J Klabunde)Nanoscale Zero-Valent Iron (nZVI) for Site Remediation (Daniel W Elliott, Hsing-Lung Lien and Wei-xian Zhang)Synthesis, Characterization, and Properties of Zero-Valent Iron Nanoparticles (Donald R Baer, Paul G Tratnyek, You Qiang, James E Amonette, John Linehan, Vaishnavi Sarathy, James T Nurmi, Chongmin Wang and J Antony)Nanostructured Inorganic Materials:Formation of Nanosized Apatite Crystals in Sediment for Containment and Stabilization of Contaminants (Robert C Moore, Jim Szecsody, Michael J Truex, Katheryn B Helean, Ranko Bontchev and Calvin Ainsworth)Functionalized Nanoporous Sorbents for Adsorption of Radioiodine from Groundwater and Waste Glass Leachates (Shas V Mattigod, Glen E Fryxell and Kent E Parker)Nanoporous Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials:Nature's Nanoparticles: Group IV Phosphonates (Abraham Clearfield)Twenty-five Years of Nuclear Waste Remediation Studies (Abraham Clearfield)Synthesis of Nanostructured Hybrid Sorbent Materials Using Organosilane Self-assembly on Mesoporous Ceramic Oxides (Glen E Fryxell)Chemically Modified Mesoporous Silicas and Organosilicas for Adsorption and Detection of Heavy Metal Ions (Oksana Olkhovyk and Mietek Jaroniec)Hierarchically Imprinted Adsorbents (Hyunjung Kim, Chengdu Liang and Sheng Dai)Functionalization of Periodic Mesoporous Silica and Its Application to the Adsorption of Toxic Anions (Hideaki Yoshitake)Layered Semi-crystalline Polysilsesquioxane: A Mesostructured and Stoichiometric Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Solid for the Removal of Environmentally Hazardous Ions (Hideaki Yoshitake)A Thiol-functionalized Nanoporous Silica Sorbent for Removal of Mercury from Actual Industrial Waste (Shas V Mattigod, Glen E Fryxell and Kent E Parker)Functionalized Nanoporous Silica for Oral Chelation Therapy of a Broad Range of Radionuclides (Wassana Yantasee, Wilaiwan Chouyyok, Robert J Wiacek, Jeffrey A Creim, R Shane Addleman, Glen E Fryxell and Charles Timchalk)Amine-functionalized Nanoporous Materials for Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture (Feng Zheng, R Shane Addleman, Christopher L Aardahl, Glen E Fryxell, Daryl R Brown and Thomas S Zemanian)Carbon Dioxide Capture from Post-combustion Streams Using Amine-functionalized Nanoporous Materials (Rodrigo Serna-Guerrero and Abdelhamid Sayari)Nanomaterials that Enhance Sensing/Detection of Environmental Contaminants:Nanostructured ZnO Gas Sensors (Huamei Shang and Guozhong Cao)Synthesis and Properties of Mesoporous-based Materials for Environmental Applications (Jianlin Shi, Hangrong Chen, Zile Hua and Lingxia Zhang)Electrochemical Sensors Based on Nanomaterials for Environmental Monitoring (Wassana Yantasee, Yuehe Lin and Glen E Fryxell)Nanomaterial-based Environmental Sensors (Dosi Dosev, Mikaela Nichkova and Ian M Kennedy)Carbon Nanotube- and Graphene-based Sensors for Environmental Applications (Dan Du)One-dimensional Hollow Oxide Nanostructures: A Highly Sensitive Gas-sensing Platform (Jong-Heun Lee)Preparation and Electrochemical Application of Titania Nanotube Arrays (Peng Xiao, Guozhong Cao and Yunhuai Zhang) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in nanomaterials and nanostructures. Keywords:Nanomaterials;Nanoporous Sorbents;Chemical Separations;Environmental Clean-Up;Heavy Metals;Radionuclides;Nanoparticles;SensorsKey Features:The materials and methods described herein offer exciting new possibilities in the remediation and/or detection of a wide variety of environmental concerns, including chemical warfare agents, dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs), heavy metals, radionuclides, biological threats, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and more. The approaches described run the gamut from laboratory design and synthesis of the nanomaterial, to final application/deployment of the technology to clean up hazardous wasteThe contributing authors are leading experts in the field of environmental nanomaterialsStrategies cover a wide variety of chemistries and structural morphologies, including nanoparticles, nanotubes and nanoporous materials, thereby providing a valuable overview of the state-of-the-art

Nanotechnology Applications For Clean Water

Author : Anita Street
ISBN : 9781455731855
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22. 88 MB
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Nanotechnology is already having a dramatic impact on improving water quality and the second edition of Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water highlights both the challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. This book presents detailed information on cutting-edge technologies, current research, and trends that may impact the success and uptake of the applications. Recent advances show that many of the current problems with water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration. The book describes these technologies in detail and demonstrates how they can provide clean drinking water in both large scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems. In addition, the book addresses the societal factors that may affect widespread acceptance of the applications. Sections are also featured on carbon nanotube arrays and graphene-based sensors for contaminant sensing, nanostructured membranes for water purification, and multifunctional materials in carbon microspheres for the remediation of chlorinated hydrocarbons. Addresses both the technological aspects of delivering clean water supplies and the societal implications that affect take-up Details how the technologies are applied in large-scale water treatment plants and in point-of-use systems Highlights challenges and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection

Synthesis Properties And Applications Of Oxide Nanomaterials

Author : José A. Rodriguez
ISBN : 9780470108963
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 23 MB
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Current oxide nanomaterials knowledge to draw from and build on Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Oxide Nanomaterials summarizes the existing knowledge in oxide-based materials research. It gives researchers one comprehensive resource that consolidates general theoretical knowledge alongside practical applications. Organized by topic for easy access, this reference: * Covers the fundamental science, synthesis, characterization, physicochemical properties, and applications of oxide nanomaterials * Explains the fundamental aspects (quantum-mechanical and thermodynamic) that determine the behavior and growth mode of nanostructured oxides * Examines synthetic procedures using top-down and bottom-up fabrication technologies involving liquid-solid or gas-solid transformations * Discusses the sophisticated experimental techniques and state-of-the-art theory used to characterize the structural and electronic properties of nanostructured oxides * Describes applications such as sorbents, sensors, ceramic materials, electrochemical and photochemical devices, and catalysts for reducing environmental pollution, transforming hydrocarbons, and producing hydrogen With its combination of theory and real-world applications plus extensive bibliographic references, Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Oxide Nanomaterials consolidates a wealth of current, complex information in one volume for practicing chemists, physicists, and materials scientists, and for engineers and researchers in government, industry, and academia. It's also an outstanding reference for graduate students in chemistry, chemical engineering, physics, and materials science.

Environmental Nanotechnology Applications And Impacts Of Nanomaterials Second Edition

Author : Mark Wiesner
ISBN : 9780071828451
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52. 41 MB
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Extensively revised and featuring new material, this timely, advanced resource covers the impacts of nanomaterials on organisms and ecosystems and their applications within industry. Cowritten by leaders of two of the most prominent research groups in the world considering the effects of nanomaterials on the environment, the second edition of Environmental Nanotechnology addresses the cutting-edge advances in this area. There is now much more known about the impacts of nanomaterials on organisms and ecosystems. Methods have been developed where there were few accepted procedures in the past. Thinking has evolved to consider the life cycle effects of nanomaterial production, and tools for risk forecasting are now under development. There has also been some experience among academics in using this book as the basis for new courses on Environmental Nanotechnology. Three new chapters cover the life cycle of nanomaterial fabrication and use and estimating nanomaterial exposure in the environment. A systematic discussion of the effects of nanomaterials on organisms and ecosystems is included, where the previous edition was largely limited to speculation. Features 75% new material New chapter on the life cycle aspects of nanomaterial fabrication and use Two new chapters on estimating nanomaterial exposure in the environment: implications that explore nanotoxicology; exposure estimation Contains end-of-chapter problems and questions

Nanostructures And Nanomaterials

Author : Guozhong Cao
ISBN : 9789814322508
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 51 MB
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This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.

Advanced Nanomaterials For Wastewater Remediation

Author : Ravindra Kumar Gautam
ISBN : 9781315351124
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 20 MB
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Contamination of aqueous environments by hazardous chemical compounds is the direct cause of the decline of safe clean water supply throughout the globe. The use of unconventional water sources such as treated wastewater will be a new norm. Emerging nanotechnological innovations have great potential for wastewater remediation processes. Applications that use smart nanomaterials of inorganic and organic origin improve treatment efficiency and lower energy requirements. This book describes the synthesis, fabrication, and application of advanced nanomaterials in water treatment processes; their adsorption, transformation into low toxic forms, or degradation phenomena, and the adsorption and separation of hazardous dyes, organic pollutants, heavy metals and metalloids from aqueous solutions. It explains the use of different categories of nanomaterials for various pollutants and enhances understanding of nanotechnology-based water remediation to make it less toxic and reusable.

Nanoscale Materials In Chemistry

Author : Kenneth J. Klabunde
ISBN : 9780471460787
Genre : Science
File Size : 63. 53 MB
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In recent years, interest in the preparation and characterization of nanostructured materials has grown due to their distinctive properties and potential technological applications. Nanoscale materials represent a new realm of matter and offer widespread possibilities for contributions to science and technology. Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry explores the vast potential of nanomaterials and serves as essential reading for the entire science community. The extensive coverage of Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry presents a thorough introduction to the field of nanostructured materials, including chemical synthesis methods, bonding theories, and applications. Because nanomaterials are finding more applications in the real world, this text contains up-to-date treatment of such topics as: Metals, semiconductor nanocrystals, and ceramics Double layers, optical properties, and the electrochemistry of metal nanoparticles Chemical and catalytic aspects of nanocrystals Specific heats and melting points of nanocrystalline materials Authored by world-renowned experts in the field of nanotechnology, Nanoscale Materials in Chemistry is suitable as a primary text for graduate courses and is a reliable resource for scientists.

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