embedded sopc design with nios ii processor and verilog examples

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Embedded Sopc Design With Nios Ii Processor And Verilog Examples

Author : Pong P. Chu
ISBN : 9781118309469
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53. 52 MB
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Explores the unique hardware programmability of FPGA-based embedded systems, using a learn-by-doing approach to introduce the concepts and techniques for embedded SoPC design with Verilog An SoPC (system on a programmable chip) integrates a processor, memory modules, I/O peripherals, and custom hardware accelerators into a single FPGA (field-programmable gate array) device. In addition to the customized software, customized hardware can be developed and incorporated into the embedded system as well—allowing us to configure the soft-core processor, create tailored I/O interfaces, and develop specialized hardware accelerators for computation-intensive tasks. Utilizing an Altera FPGA prototyping board and its Nios II soft-core processor, Embedded SoPC Design with Nios II Processor and Verilog Examples takes a "learn by doing" approach to illustrate the hardware and software design and development process by including realistic projects that can be implemented and tested on the board. Emphasizing hardware design and integration throughout, the book is divided into four major parts: Part I covers HDL and synthesis of custom hardware Part II introduces the Nios II processor and provides an overview of embedded software development Part III demonstrates the design and development of hardware and software of several complex I/O peripherals, including a PS2 keyboard and mouse, a graphic video controller, an audio codec, and an SD (secure digital) card Part IV provides several case studies of the integration of hardware accelerators, including a custom GCD (greatest common divisor) circuit, a Mandelbrot set fractal circuit, and an audio synthesizer based on DDFS (direct digital frequency synthesis) methodology While designing and developing an embedded SoPC can be rewarding, the learning can be a long and winding journey. This book shows the trail ahead and guides readers through the initial steps to exploit the full potential of this emerging methodology.

Embedded Sopc Design With Nios Ii Processor And Vhdl Examples

Author : Pong P. Chu
ISBN : 9781118146507
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 25 MB
Format : PDF
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The book is divided into four major parts. Part I covers HDL constructs and synthesis of basic digital circuits. Part II provides an overview of embedded software development with the emphasis on low-level I/O access and drivers. Part III demonstrates the design and development of hardware and software for several complex I/O peripherals, including PS2 keyboard and mouse, a graphic video controller, an audio codec, and an SD (secure digital) card. Part IV provides three case studies of the integration of hardware accelerators, including a custom GCD (greatest common divisor) circuit, a Mandelbrot set fractal circuit, and an audio synthesizer based on DDFS (direct digital frequency synthesis) methodology. The book utilizes FPGA devices, Nios II soft-core processor, and development platform from Altera Co., which is one of the two main FPGA manufactures. Altera has a generous university program that provides free software and discounted prototyping boards for educational institutions (details at http://www.altera.com/university). The two main educational prototyping boards are known as DE1 ($99) and DE2 ($269). All experiments can be implemented and tested with these boards. A board combined with this book becomes a “turn-key” solution for the SoPC design experiments and projects. Most HDL and C codes in the book are device independent and can be adapted by other prototyping boards as long as a board has similar I/O configuration.

Embedded Core Design With Fpgas

Author : Zainalabedin Navabi
ISBN : 9780071474818
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 67 MB
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This volume shows how a processor can be designed from scratch and by use of new EDA tools, how it interfaces with its software. It shows how a processor and its software can be used as an embedded core and used for the design of an embedded system.

Fpga Prototyping By Verilog Examples

Author : Pong P. Chu
ISBN : 9781118210611
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45. 57 MB
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FPGA Prototyping Using Verilog Examples will provide you with a hands-on introduction to Verilog synthesis and FPGA programming through a “learn by doing” approach. By following the clear, easy-to-understand templates for code development and the numerous practical examples, you can quickly develop and simulate a sophisticated digital circuit, realize it on a prototyping device, and verify the operation of its physical implementation. This introductory text that will provide you with a solid foundation, instill confidence with rigorous examples for complex systems and prepare you for future development tasks.

Pci Express System Architecture

Author : Ravi Budruk
ISBN : 0321156307
Genre : Computers
File Size : 60. 71 MB
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* *PCI EXPRESS is considered to be the most general purpose bus so it should appeal to a wide audience in this arena. *Today's buses are becoming more specialized to meet the needs of the particular system applications, building the need for this book. *Mindshare and their only competitor in this space, Solari, team up in this new book.

Rtl Hardware Design Using Vhdl

Author : Pong P. Chu
ISBN : 9780471786399
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38. 18 MB
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The skills and guidance needed to master RTL hardware design This book teaches readers how to systematically design efficient, portable, and scalable Register Transfer Level (RTL) digital circuits using the VHDL hardware description language and synthesis software. Focusing on the module-level design, which is composed of functional units, routing circuit, and storage, the book illustrates the relationship between the VHDL constructs and the underlying hardware components, and shows how to develop codes that faithfully reflect the module-level design and can be synthesized into efficient gate-level implementation. Several unique features distinguish the book: * Coding style that shows a clear relationship between VHDL constructs and hardware components * Conceptual diagrams that illustrate the realization of VHDL codes * Emphasis on the code reuse * Practical examples that demonstrate and reinforce design concepts, procedures, and techniques * Two chapters on realizing sequential algorithms in hardware * Two chapters on scalable and parameterized designs and coding * One chapter covering the synchronization and interface between multiple clock domains Although the focus of the book is RTL synthesis, it also examines the synthesis task from the perspective of the overall development process. Readers learn good design practices and guidelines to ensure that an RTL design can accommodate future simulation, verification, and testing needs, and can be easily incorporated into a larger system or reused. Discussion is independent of technology and can be applied to both ASIC and FPGA devices. With a balanced presentation of fundamentals and practical examples, this is an excellent textbook for upper-level undergraduate or graduate courses in advanced digital logic. Engineers who need to make effective use of today's synthesis software and FPGA devices should also refer to this book.

Advanced Chip Design

Author : Kishore K. Mishra
ISBN : 1482593335
Genre : Computers
File Size : 82. 26 MB
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Designing a complex ASIC/SoC is similar to learning a new language to start with and ultimately creating a masterpiece using experience, imagination, and creativity. Digital design starts with RTL such as Verilog or VHDL, but it is only the beginning. A complete designer needs to have a good understanding of the Verilog language, digital design techniques, system architecture, IO protocols, and hardware-software interaction. Some of it will come from experience, and some will come with concerted effort. Graduating from college and entering into the world of digital system design becomes an overwhelming task, as not all the information is readily available. In this book, we have made an effort to explain the concepts in a simple way with real-world examples in Verilog. The book is intended for digital and system design engineers with emphasis on design and system architecture. The book is broadly divided into two sections - chapters 1 through 10, focusing on the digital design aspects and chapters 11 through 20, focusing on the system aspects of chip design. This book can be used by students taking digital design and chip design courses in college and availing it as a guide in their professional careers. Chapter 3 focuses on the synthesizable Verilog constructs, with examples on reusable design (parameterized design, functions, and generate structure). Chapter 5 describes the basic concepts in digital design - logic gates, truth table, De Morgan's theorem, set-up and hold time, edge detection, and number system. Chapter 6 goes into details of digital design explaining larger building blocks such as LFSR, scrambler/descramblers, error detection and correction, parity, CRC, Gray encoding/decoding, priority encoders, 8b/10b encoding, data converters, and synchronization techniques. Chapter 7 and 8 bring in advanced concepts in chip design and architecture - clocking and reset strategy, methods to increase throughput and reduce latency, flow-control mechanisms, pipeline operation, out-of-order execution, FIFO design, state machine design, arbitration, bus interfaces, linked list structure, and LRU usage and implementation. Chapter 9 and 10 describe how to build and design ASIC/SoC. It talks about chip micro-architecture, portioning, datapath, control logic design, and other aspects of chip design such as clock tree, reset tree, and EEPROM. It also covers good design practices, things to avoid and adopt, and best practices for high-speed design. The second part of the book is devoted to System architecture, design, and IO protocols. Chapter 11 talks about memory, memory hierarchy, cache, interrupt, types of DMA and DMA operation. There is Verilog RTL for a typical DMA controller design that explains the scatter-gather DMA concept. Chapter12 describes hard drive, solid-state drive, DDR operation, and other parts of a system such as BIOS, OS, drivers, and their interaction with hardware. Chapter 13 describes embedded systems and internal buses such as AHB, AXI used in embedded design. It describes the concept of transparent and non-transparent bridging. Chapter 14 and chapter 15 bring in practical aspects of chip development - testing, DFT, scan, ATPG, and detailed flow of the chip development cycle (Synthesis, Static timing, and ECO). Chapter 16 and chapter 17 are on power saving and power management protocols. Chapter 16 has a detailed description of various power savings techniques (frequency variation, clock gating, and power well isolation). Chapter 17 talks about Power Management protocols such as system S states, CPU C states, and device D states. Chapter 18 explains the architecture behind serial-bus technology, PCS, and PMA layer. It describes clocking architecture and advanced concepts such as elasticity FIFO, channel bonding (deskewing), link aggregation, and lane reversal. Chapter 19 and 20 are devoted to serial bus protocols (PCI Express, Serial ATA, USB, Thunderbolt, and Ethernet) and their operation.

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