drugs athletes and physical performance

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Drugs Athletes And Physical Performance

Author : John A. Thomas
ISBN : 9781468454994
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51. 85 MB
Format : PDF
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The use of performance-enhancing substances by athletes is not a contemporary epi demic. In fact, athletes purportedly resorted to such measures over 2000 years ago. Even at the ancient olympic games, athletes employed special diets and concoctions to enhance their performance. In ancient Rome and ancient Egypt, gladiators and athletes ingested various potions in order to improve their physical endurance. In most in stances, such early examples of substance abuse by athletes involved relatively in nocuous chemicals, and one might presume that any enhanced performance could be attributed largely to a placebo effect. Nowadays, aside from the ethical issues, these performance-enhancing substances are far more potent and hence toxic to the body. The many performance-enhancing chemicals, drugs, and hormones exert a variety of complex pharmacological actions, but all are meant in some fashion to improve phys ical ability. Their pharmacological effects ranges from imprOVed muscle strength, as in the case of anabolic steroids and growth hormone, to central nervous system stimula tion, as in the case of caffeine or amphetamine. Analgesics or other pain-killing drugs may also be used to suppress an existing injury in order that the athlete may compete.

Effects Of Performance Enhancing Drugs On The Health Of Athletes And Athletic Competition

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
ISBN : STANFORD:36105050265441
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88. 58 MB
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Performance Enhancing Technologies In Sports

Author : Thomas H. Murray
ISBN : STANFORD:36105124110128
Genre : Law
File Size : 84. 7 MB
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This book brings together an interdisciplinary group of experts in bioethics, sports, law, and philosophy to examine the need for regulating such athletic performance-enhancing technologies as steroids and gene doping. The use of performance-improving drugs in sports dates back to the early Olympians, who took an herbal tonic before competitions to augment athletic prowess. But the permissibility of doing so came into question only in the twentieth century as the popularity of anabolic steroid use and blood doping among athletes grew. Sports officials and others -- aided by the development of technologies to test participants for proscribed substances -- became concerned over the physical safety of athletes and competitive fairness in sporting events. In exploring the culture, ethics, and policy issues surrounding doping in competitive athletics, the contributors to this volume detail the history and current state of drug use in sports, analyze the distinctions between acceptable and unacceptable usages, evaluate the ethical arguments for and against permitting athletes to avail themselves of new means of improving athleticism, and discuss possible future doping technologies and the issues that they are likely to raise. They explain how and why some athletes resort to doping and assess what the fair opportunity principle means in theory and practice and how it relates to the concept of an equal opportunity to perform. This frank discussion of doping in sports includes accounts by former elite athletes and offers an illuminating exchange over the meaning and value of natural talents and genetic hierarchies and the essence of fair competition.

Performance Enhancing Drugs

Author : Tom Robinson
ISBN : 1604538627
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 29. 52 MB
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Explores the controversy surrounding performance-enhancing drugs, discussing their use by athletes; different types and their effects; their use within individual sports; and arguments for and against drug testing.

Drugs And The Athlete

Author : Gary I. Wadler
ISBN : UOM:39015014474384
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23. 25 MB
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Doping In Elite Sport

Author : Wayne Wilson (Ph. D.)
ISBN : 0736003290
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 86. 52 MB
Format : PDF
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The International Olympic Committee began its fight against performance-enhancing drugs nearly four decades ago. Testing has become increasingly more sophisticated, but the problem is far from being eliminated. Doping in Elite Sport: The Politics of Drugs in the Olympic Movementaddresses the challenges and complexities of the issue. The text, edited by Wayne Wilson, PhD, and Edward Derse, is based on papers presented at the 1998 conference, Doping in Elite Sport,and includes: -a basic scientific explanation of how performance-enhancing substances improve performance and how banned substances are detected; -a critical examination of the failure to control doping in the Olympic movement; -a historical timeline of drug use in sport; -evaluations of the philosophical and ethical issues of drug testing; -the international politics of combatting drug use in sport; and -insight as to how three very different countries have handled the issue of performance-enhancing drugs in sport. Part I,“The Science of Doping,” provides the reader with a basic scientific explanation of how banned substances can improve performance, the process of drug testing, and the detection of athletes' drug use. This section also offers a recommended protocol for drug testing and critiques the differences between the ideal and actual testing practices Part II,“The History, Ethics, and Social Context of Doping,” reviews the complex social and cultural issues surrounding doping. A thorough chronology of performance-enhancing drug use in sport precedes discussions of the ethical and cultural dimensions of the issue. Included is a comparative analysis of how Canada, Russia, and China - three very different countries - have responded to doping scandals involving their athletes. Part III,“The Politics of Doping,” critically examines the effectiveness of the IOC and the international sport federations in administering campaigns against doping. Lack of political will, financial interests, and uncooperative bureaucracies all have hindered effective enforcement. The first anthology on performance-enhancing drugs in sport, Doping in Elite Sport: The Politics of Drugs in the Olympic Movementis a critical examination of the failure to control the use of banned performance-enhancing drugs in the international sports arena. It provides an extensive overview of the real issues in the battle against doping in international sport.

Analysis Of Addictive And Misused Drugs

Author : John A. Adamovics
ISBN : 0824792386
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 83 MB
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Examines the chromatographic and nonchromatographic methods available to identify, measure, and screen for nonmedical drug use, highlighting the latest technologies in immunochemical analysis, biosensors, thinlayer gas chromatography, high-performance liquid chromatography, and capillary electrophoresis. A comprehensive alphabetic listing of over 400 controlled-use drugs is provided.

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