decision making and action

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Decision Making And Action

Author : Jean-Charles Pomerol
ISBN : 9781118588062
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 29 MB
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Making a decision, of any importance, is never simple. On the one hand, specialists in decision theory do not come within the reach of most policy makers and, secondly, there are very few books on pragmatic decision that are not purely anecdotal. In addition, there is virtually no book that provides a link between decision-making and action. This book provides a bridge between the latest results in artificial intelligence, neurobiology, psychology and decision-making for action. What is the role of intuition or emotion? What are the main psychological biases of which we must be wary? How can we avoid being manipulated? What is the proper use of planning? How can we remain rational even if one is not an expert in probabilities? Perhaps more importantly for managers, how does one go from decision to action? So many questions fundamental to the practice of decision-making are addressed. This book dissects all issues that arise almost daily for decision-makers, at least for major decisions. Drawing on numerous examples, this book answers, in plain language and imagery, all your questions. The final chapter takes the form of a brief reminder - everything you have to remember to be a good decision-maker.

Decision Making In Action

Author : Gary A. Klein
ISBN : 0893919438
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56. 95 MB
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This book describes the new perspective of naturalistic decision making. The point of departure is how people make decisions in complex, time-pressured, ambiguous, and changing environments. The purpose of this book is to present and elaborate on past models developed to explain this type of decision making. The central philosophy of the book is that classical decision theory has been unproductive since it is so heavily grounded in economics and mathematics. The contributors believe there is little to be learned from laboratory studies about how people actually handle difficult and interesting tasks; therefore, the book presents a critique of classical decision theory. The models of naturalistic decision making described by the contributors were derived to explain the behavior of firefighters, business people, jurors, nuclear power plant operators, and command-and-control officers. The models are unique in that they address the way people use experience to frame situations and adopt courses of action. The models explain the strengths of skilled decision makers. Naturalistic decision research requires the examination of field settings, and a section of the book covers methods for conducting meaningful research outside the laboratory. In addition, since his approach has applied value, the book covers issues of training and decision support systems.

Management Decision Making And Action In Behavioral Situations

Author :
ISBN : LCCN:72090576
Genre : Decision-making
File Size : 65. 36 MB
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Cultural Factors In Systems Design

Author : Robert W. Proctor
ISBN : 9781439846476
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 65. 55 MB
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Cultural factors, in both the narrow sense of different national, racial, and ethnic groups, and in the broader sense of different groups of any type, play major roles in individual and group decisions. Written by an international, interdisciplinary group of experts, Cultural Factors in Systems Design: Decision Making and Action explores innovations in the understanding of how cultural differences influence decision making and action. Reflecting the diverse interests and viewpoints that characterize the current state of decision making and cultural research, the chapter authors represent a variety of disciplines and specialize in areas ranging from basic decision processes of individuals, to decisions made in teams and large organizations, to cultural influences on behavior. Balancing theoretical and practical perspectives, the book explores why the best laid plans go awry, examining conditions that can yield unanticipated behaviors from complex, adaptive sociotechnical systems. It highlights the different ways in which East Asians and Westerners make decisions and explores how to model and investigate cultural influences in interpersonal interactions, social judgment, and decision making. The book also reviews decision field theory and examines its implications for cross cultural decision making. With increasing globalization of organizations and interactions among people from various cultures, a better understanding of how cultural factors influence decision making and action is a necessity. Much is known about decision processes, culture and cognition, design of products and interfaces for human interaction with machines and organizational processes, however this knowledge is dispersed across several disciplines and research areas. Presenting a range of current research and new ideas, this volume brings together previously scattered research and explores how to apply it when designing systems that will be used by individuals of varied backgrounds.

Raising Hands Ritualizing Leadership For Democratic Decision Making And Action

Author :
ISBN : 1109197128
Genre : Community organization
File Size : 42. 70 MB
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This qualitative case study explores ritualizing leadership in a community-building arts organization through its annual May Day parade. A unique confluence of social movement theory and ritual theory emerges out of participatory action research on this radical puppet theater that aspires to democratic social change. Throughout the parade process leaders of authority and of influence sustain tensions between tradition and change, order and transformation, individual and community through the use of participatory rites, ritual identity, rites of reversal, ludic free spaces, orthodoxy and orthopraxy. Such use of ritual to sustain democratic free spaces may seem surprising, even contradictory, yet the tensions between these processes create dynamic participatory spaces and collaborative leadership. In these liminal spaces participants practice democratic decision making and action in a state of normative communitas; a systematic effort to sustain an egalitarian social system (Turner, 1969). Although the organization is unique in its concept and practice, findings in this case study have potential to inform and transform the leadership of other social movement organizations.

Action Decision Making And Forms Of Life

Author : Jesús Padilla Gálvez
ISBN : 9783110473001
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 25. 12 MB
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The book aims to answer the question of why certain actions are carried out within specific forms of life. Every action is acquired by way of language games. With the aid of these language games the speaker introduces a regulatory scheme. This scheme can be analyzed by scrutinizing the grammar used in the language games. Language games follow specific rules that form part of the regulatory scheme.

Decision Making In Environmental Health

Author : D. Briggs
ISBN : 9781135801595
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 54. 50 MB
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Decision-Making in Environmental Health examines the need for information in support of decision-making in environmental health. It discusses indicators of environmental health, methods of data collection and the assessment of exposure to and the health impact of different environmental risk factors.

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