characterization of solid materials and heterogeneous catalysts from structure to surface reactivity

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Characterization Of Solid Materials And Heterogeneous Catalysts

Author : Michel Che
ISBN : 9783527645336
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 41 MB
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This two-volume book provides an overview of physical techniques used to characterize the structure of solid materials, on the one hand, and to investigate the reactivity of their surface, on the other. Therefore this book is a must-have for anyone working in fields related to surface reactivity. Among the latter, and because of its most important industrial impact, catalysis has been used as the directing thread of the book. After the preface and a general introduction to physical techniques by M. Che and J.C. V?drine, two overviews on physical techniques are presented by G. Ertl and Sir J.M. Thomas for investigating model catalysts and porous catalysts, respectively. The book is organized into four parts: Molecular/Local Spectroscopies, Macroscopic Techniques, Characterization of the Fluid Phase (Gas and/ or Liquid), and Advanced Characterization. Each chapter focuses upon the following important themes: overview of the technique, most important parameters to interpret the experimental data, practical details, applications of the technique, particularly during chemical processes, with its advantages and disadvantages, conclusions.

Characterization Of Solid Materials And Heterogeneous Catalysts

Author : Michael Che
ISBN : 9783527326877
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File Size : 52. 86 MB
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Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials

Author : Guido Busca
ISBN : 9780444595218
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 17 MB
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Heterogeneous Catalytic Materials discusses experimental methods and the latest developments in three areas of research: heterogeneous catalysis; surface chemistry; and the chemistry of catalysts. Catalytic materials are those solids that allow the chemical reaction to occur efficiently and cost-effectively. This book provides you with all necessary information to synthesize, characterize, and relate the properties of a catalyst to its behavior, enabling you to select the appropriate catalyst for the process and reactor system. Oxides (used both as catalysts and as supports for catalysts), mixed and complex oxides and salts, halides, sulfides, carbides, and unsupported and supported metals are all considered. The book encompasses applications in industrial chemistry, refinery, petrochemistry, biomass conversion, energy production, and environmental protection technologies. Provides a systematic and clear approach of the synthesis, solid state chemistry and surface chemistry of all solid state catalysts Covers widely used instrumental techniques for catalyst characterization, such as x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and more Includes characterization methods and lists all catalytic behavior of the solid state catalysts Discusses new developments in nanocatalysts and their advantages over conventional catalysts

Applied Homogeneous Catalysis

Author : Arno Behr
ISBN : 9783527326419
Genre : Science
File Size : 41. 78 MB
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Adopting a didactic approach at an advanced, masters level, this concise textbook provides an array of questions & answers and features numerous industrial case studies and examples, with references for further, more detailed reading and to the latest peer-reviewed articles at the end of each chapter. A significant feature is the book’s treatment of more recently developed catalytic processes and their applications in the pharmaceutical and fi ne chemical industries, with an indication of their present and future commercial impact. Written by a dedicated lecturer with a wealth of experience in industry, this is an invaluable tool for practicing chemical engineers and chemists who need to advance their education in this vibrant and expanding field.

Catalysis By Materials With Well Defined Structures

Author : Zili Wu
ISBN : 9780128013403
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40. 6 MB
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Catalysis by Materials with Well-Defined Structures examines the latest developments in the use of model systems in fundamental catalytic science. A team of prominent experts provides authoritative, first-hand information, helping readers better understand heterogeneous catalysis by utilizing model catalysts based on uniformly nanostructured materials. The text addresses topics and issues related to material synthesis, characterization, catalytic reactions, surface chemistry, mechanism, and theoretical modeling, and features a comprehensive review of recent advances in catalytic studies on nanomaterials with well-defined structures, including nanoshaped metals and metal oxides, nanoclusters, and single sites in the areas of heterogeneous thermal catalysis, photocatalysis, and electrocatalysis. Users will find this book to be an invaluable, authoritative source of information for both the surface scientist and the catalysis practitioner Outlines the importance of nanomaterials and their potential as catalysts Provides detailed information on synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials with well-defined structures, relating surface activity to catalytic activity Details how to establish the structure-catalysis relationship and how to reveal the surface chemistry and surface structure of catalysts Offers examples on various in situ characterization instrumental techniques Includes in-depth theoretical modeling utilizing advanced Density Functional Theory (DFT) methods

Industrial Plasma Technology

Author : Yoshinobu Kawai
ISBN : 9783527325443
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 12 MB
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Clearly structured in five major sections on applications, this monograph covers such hot technologies as nanotechnology, solar cell technology, biomedical and clinical applications, and sustainability. Since the topic, applications and readers are highly interdisciplinary, the book bridges materials science, industrial chemistry, physics, and engineering - making it a must-have for researchers in industry and academia, as well as those working in application-oriented plasma technology. FROM THE CONTENTS: Environmental Technologies - Thermal and Non-Thermal Plasma for Environmental Applications - Atmospheric Plasma Air Pollution Control, Water and Waste Treatment Technology - Chemistry of Organic Polluctants in Atmospheric Plasmas - and more Applications in Life Science and Medicine - Pharmaceutical Engineering by Plasma Techniques - Applications of Pulsed Power and Plasmas to Biosystems and Living Organisms - Plasma Sterilization at low pressure and Antibacterial Effect of Short-Pulse Discharge - Plasma-Enhanced Synnthesis of Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications - and more Solar Cells - Plasma Processing for Thin Film Silicon Solar Cells - Characteristics of VHF Plasma with Large Area - Diagnostics and Modeling of SiH 4/H2 Plasmas for the Deposition of Microcrystalline Silicon - and more Diamond like Carbon Films - Applications of DLCs to Bio-Processing - DLC Thin Films Grown in Pulsed Plasmas - Plasma Processing of Nanocrystalline Semiconductive Cubic Borone Nitride Thin FIlms - and more Bascic and Novel Approaches - Novel Electromagnetic and Reactive Media from Microplasmas - Crystallized nanodusst Particle Growth in Low Pressure Cold Plasmas - Thomson Scattering Diagnostics of Discharge Plasmas - Collection and Removal of Fine Particles in Plasma Chambers - and more

Diffusion In Nanoporous Materials

Author : Jörg Kärger
ISBN : 9783527651290
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 76 MB
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Atoms and molecules in all states of matter are subject to continuous irregular movement. This process, referred to as diffusion, is among the most general and basic phenomena in nature and determines the performance of many technological processes. This book provides an introduction to the fascinating world of diffusion in microporous solids. Jointly written by three well-known researchers in this field, it presents a coherent treatise, rather than a compilation of separate review articles, covering the theoretical fundamentals, molecular modeling, experimental observation and technical applications. Based on the book Diffusion in Zeolites and other Microporous Solids, originally published in 1992, it illustrates the remarkable speed with which this field has developed since that time. Specific topics include: new families of nanoporous materials, micro-imaging and single-particle tracking, direct monitoring of transient profiles by interference microscopy, single-file diffusion and new approaches to molecular modeling.

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