british strategy and intelligence in the suez crisis

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British Strategy And Intelligence In The Suez Crisis

Author : Danny Steed
ISBN : 9783319314532
Genre : History
File Size : 74. 75 MB
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This book traces the activities of the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS/MI6) and the Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) during the Suez Crisis, one of the most infamous episodes of British foreign policy. In doing so it identifies broader lessons not only about the events of 1956, but about the place of intelligence in strategy itself. It provides both an exploration of the relationship between intelligence and strategy at the conceptual level, and also a historical account, and strategic analysis of, the performance of the Joint Intelligence Committee and the Secret Intelligence Service during this time. Focusing on the period immediately before, during, and after the crisis, Danny Steed brings together a complete picture of intelligence story in Britain that has so far eluded comprehensive treatment in the Suez historiography. Through extensive consultation of declassified archival sources, a re-examination of often referred to sources, and the employment of oral history, this study identifies the most significant lessons about the use of intelligence revealed by the Suez Crisis.

Strategy Intelligence And British Performance During The 1956 Suez Crisis

Author : Danny Steed
ISBN : OCLC:876404177
Genre :
File Size : 48. 95 MB
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Whitehall And The Suez Crisis

Author : Anthony Gorst
ISBN : 9781136329517
Genre : History
File Size : 89. 86 MB
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This review of the Suez Crisis gives a chapter each to such key players as the Chief of the Imperial General Staff and the Secretary to the Cabinet. It incorporates 1956 releases from the Public Record Office to reassess the role of officials and the process of policymaking.

The Professionalization Of Intelligence Cooperation

Author : A. Svendsen
ISBN : 9781137269362
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86. 48 MB
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An insightful exploration of intelligence cooperation (officially known as liaison), including its international dimensions. This book offers a distinct understanding of this process, valuable to those involved in critical information flows, such as intelligence, risk, crisis and emergency managers.

Military Intelligence In Cyprus

Author : Panagiotis Dimitrakis
ISBN : 9780857714756
Genre : History
File Size : 78. 79 MB
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Since World War I, Cyprus has played a crucial role in British defence strategy. Panagiotis Dimitrakis here introduces new research which reveals the role of British intelligence on Cyprus throughout the twentieth century. _x000D_ _x000D_ During World War II, Winston Churchill feared a German airborne assault after the fall of Crete in May 1941 and the SOE was called in to set up stay-behind guerrilla groups. In the 1950s, following the British withdrawal from Egypt, Cyprus became the new location for the British Middle East military headquarters and the sovereign bases on the island remained strategically important, contributing significantly to British strategic policy on the Middle East. Anthony Eden and Harold Macmillan subsequently witnessed the 1955-59 Archbishop Makarios and EOKA-led revolt and the decline of British power after the Suez crisis. Even after Cypriot independence was granted in 1960, RAF bombers carrying nuclear weapons, based on the island were the only deterrent capability of the Central Treaty Organisation (CENTO), a West-inspired alliance with member states including the United Kingdom, Turkey, Iran and Pakistan. _x000D_ _x000D_ Panagiotis Dimitrakis provides new perspectives on the Turkish invasion of July 1974, including the performance of British intelligence during the crisis. He unearths the policies of Harold Wilson and James Callaghan towards Greece, Turkey and the United States are unearthed with the help of the latest declassified archives, which show that Callaghan himself admitted to being deceived by the assurances of the Turkish government that they would not invade. As a result of the increased tensions between the Middle East and the West in the late twentieth century, Cyprus faced an asymmetric threat. In February 1978 the conflict at Larnaca Airport between the National Guard and an Egyptian anti-terrorist unit showed the world that a hostage crisis could damage considerably the relations of sovereign states. _x000D_ _x000D_ This book evaluates the integral role that Cyprus played in British military and security apparatus throughout the turbulent twentieth century. It will be an invaluable resource for readers of military history, contemporary strategy, security studies and regional studies of the Mediterranean and the Middle East._x000D_

Eisenhower 1956

Author : David A. Nichols
ISBN : 1439146993
Genre : History
File Size : 75. 4 MB
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A gripping tale of international intrigue and betray-al, Eisenhower 1956 is the white-knuckle story of how President Dwight D. Eisenhower guided the United States through the Suez Canal crisis of 1956. The crisis climaxed in a tumultuous nine-day period fraught with peril just prior to the 1956 presidential election, with Great Britain, France, and Israel invading Egypt while the Soviet Union ruthlessly crushed rebellion in Hungary. David A. Nichols, a leading expert on Eisenhower’s presidency, draws on hundreds of documents declassified in the last thirty years, enabling the reader to look over Ike’s shoulder and follow him day by day, sometimes hour by hour as he grappled with the greatest international crisis of his presidency. The author uses formerly top secret minutes of National Security Council and Oval Office meetings to illuminate a crisis that threatened to escalate into global conflict. Nichols shows how two life-threatening illnesses—Eisenhower’s heart attack in September 1955 and his abdominal surgery in June 1956—took the president out of action at critical moments and contributed to missteps by his administration. In 1956, more than two thirds of Western Europe’s oil supplies transited the Suez Canal, which was run by a company controlled by the British and French, Egypt’s former colonial masters. When the United States withdrew its offer to finance the Aswan Dam in July of that year, Egypt’s president, Gamal Abdel Nasser, nationalized the canal. Without Eisenhower’s knowledge, Britain and France secretly plotted with Israel to invade Egypt and topple Nasser. On October 29—nine days before the U.S. presidential election—Israel invaded Egypt, setting the stage for a “perfect storm.” British and French forces soon began bombing Egyptian ports and airfields and landing troops who quickly routed the Egyptian army. Eisenhower condemned the attacks and pressed for a cease-fire at the United Nations. Within days, in Hungary, Soviet troops and tanks were killing thousands to suppress that nation’s bid for freedom. When Moscow openly threatened to intervene in the Middle East, Eisenhower placed American military forces—including some with nuclear weapons—on alert and sternly warned the Soviet Union against intervention. On November 6, Election Day, after voting at his home in Gettysburg, Ike rushed back to the White House to review disturbing intelligence from Moscow with his military advisors. That same day, he learned that the United Nations had negotiated a cease-fire in the Suez war—a result, in no small measure, of Eisenhower’s steadfast opposition to the war and his refusal to aid the allies. In the aftermath of the Suez crisis, the United States effectively replaced Great Britain as the guarantor of stability in the Middle East. More than a half century later, that commitment remains the underlying premise for American policy in the region. Historians have long treated the Suez Crisis as a minor episode in the dissolution of colonial rule after World War II. As David Nichols makes clear in Eisenhower 1956, it was much more than that.

The Suez Crisis

Author : Derek Varble
ISBN : 9781435874978
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 29. 69 MB
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Traces the course of events after Egyptian President Gamal Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal in July 1956.

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