beastly morality animals as ethical agents

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Beastly Morality

Author : Jonathan Crane
ISBN : 9780231540537
Genre : Nature
File Size : 27. 92 MB
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We have come to regard nonhuman animals as beings of concern, and we even grant them some legal protections. But until we understand animals as moral agents in and of themselves, they will be nothing more than distant recipients of our largesse. Featuring original essays by philosophers, ethicists, religionists, and ethologists, including Marc Bekoff, Frans de Waal, and Elisabetta Palagi, this collection demonstrates the ability of animals to operate morally, process ideas of good and bad, and think seriously about sociality and virtue. Envisioning nonhuman animals as distinct moral agents marks a paradigm shift in animal studies, as well as philosophy itself. Drawing not only on ethics and religion but also on law, sociology, and cognitive science, the essays in this collection test long-held certainties about moral boundaries and behaviors and prove that nonhuman animals possess complex reasoning capacities, sophisticated empathic sociality, and dynamic and enduring self-conceptions. Rather than claim animal morality is the same as human morality, this book builds an appreciation of the variety and character of animal sensitivities and perceptions across multiple disciplines, moving animal welfarism in promising new directions.

The End Of The West And Other Cautionary Tales

Author : Sean Meighoo
ISBN : 9780231541404
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 88. 15 MB
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Most historical accounts take it for granted that the guiding principles of the Western tradition—reason, progress, and freedom—have been passed down directly from ancient Greece to modern Western society. Today, many commentators maintain that the Western tradition is fast approaching its end as it becomes more and more integrated with non-Western cultures. But what if we are witnessing something else entirely—not the end of the West but rather another historical mutation of the idea of the West? This groundbreaking critique shows that whether the West is hailed as the source of all historical progress or scorned as the root of all cultural imperialism, it remains a deeply problematic concept that is intrinsically connected to an ethnocentric view of the world. Reading the work of the continental philosophers Husserl, Heidegger, Levinas, and Derrida, as well as the postcolonial thinkers Said, Mohanty, Bhabha, and Trinh, Sean Meighoo strikes at the intellectual foundations of Western exceptionalism until its ideological supports show through. Deconstructing the concept of the West in his provocative interpretations of Martin Bernal’s controversial work Black Athena and the Beatles’ second film, Help!, Meighoo poses a formidable question to philosophers, writers, political scientists, and cultural critics alike: Can we mount an effective critique of Western ethnocentrism without reinforcing the idea of the West itself?

The Ecology And Evolution Of Ant Plant Interactions

Author : Victor Rico-Gray
ISBN : 9780226713472
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 2 MB
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Ants are probably the most dominant insect group on Earth. This title brings together findings from the scientific literature on the coevolution of ants and plants to provide an understanding of the unparalleled success of these two remarkable groups, of interspecific interactions in general, and, ultimately, of terrestrial biological communities.

Brutal Reasoning

Author : Erica Fudge
ISBN : 0801444543
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 26 MB
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Early modern English thinkers were fascinated by the subject of animal rationality, even before the appearance of Descartes's Discourse on the Method (1637) and its famous declaration of the automatism of animals. But as Erica Fudge relates in Brutal Reasoning, the discussions were not as straightforward-or as reflexively anthropocentric-as has been assumed. Surveying a wide range of texts-religious, philosophical, literary, even comic-Fudge explains the crucial role that reason played in conceptualizations of the human and the animal, as well as the distinctions between the two. Brutal Reasoning looks at the ways in which humans were conceptualized, at what being "human" meant, and at how humans could lose their humanity. It also takes up the questions of what made an animal an animal, why animals were studied in the early modern period, and at how people understood, and misunderstood, what they saw when they did look.From the influence of classical thinking on the human-animal divide and debates surrounding the rationality of women, children, and Native Americans to the frequent references in popular and pedagogical texts to Morocco the Intelligent Horse, Fudge gives a new and vital context to the human perception of animals in this period. At the same time, she challenges overly simplistic notions about early modern attitudes to animals and about the impact of those attitudes on modern culture.

Placing Animals

Author : Julie Urbanik
ISBN : 9781442211865
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77. 68 MB
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As Julie Urbanik vividly illustrates, non-human animals are central to our daily human lives. We eat them, wear them, live with them, work them, experiment on them, try to save them, spoil them, abuse them, fight them, hunt them, buy and sell them, love them, and hate them. Placing Animals is the first book to bring together the historical development of the field of animal geography with a comprehensive survey of how geographers study animals today. Urbanik provides readers with a thorough understanding of the relationship between animal geography and the larger animal studies project, an appreciation of the many geographies of human-animal interactions around the world, and insight into how animal geography is both challenging and contributing to the major fields of human and nature-society geography. Through the theme of the role of place in shaping where and why human-animal interactions occur, the chapters in turn explore the history of animal geography and our distinctive relationships in the home, on farms, in the context of labor, in the wider culture, and in the wild.

If I Were A Rich Man Could I Buy A Pancreas

Author : Arthur L. Caplan
ISBN : 0253113245
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21. 80 MB
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"An important contribution to a debate that will continue for some time." -- Health and Canadian Society "Insightful and thought-provoking.... As Caplan has demonstrated so clearly... we would all be better off if the ethicists spoke first and not last." -- The Washington Post "Caplan's views are important and instructive.... [This] book represents some of his best work." -- New England Journal of Medicine "Caplan's [book] is thought provoking, insightful, and well argued. I recommend it highly."Â -- The Journal of the American Medical Association "... a generously illustrated discourse on method in medical and practical ethics." -- Ethics A member of the President's Task Force on National Health Care Reform examines some of the most controversial biomedical issues of our time.

Animals And Early Modern Identity

Author : Professor Pia F. Cuneo
ISBN : 9781409457435
Genre : Art
File Size : 24. 90 MB
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What roles did animals play in the construction of early modern identities? In this volume, international scholars working in the disciplines of history, art history and literature provide suggestive and probing answers. Their essays investigate how animals - horses, dogs, pigs, fish, cattle, sheep, birds, rhinoceroses, even sea-monsters and other creatures - served people in Europe, England, the Americas and Africa to defend, contest or transcend the boundaries of early modern identities.

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