autism spectrum disorder perspectives from psychoanalysis and neuroscience

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Autism Spectrum Disorder

Author : Susan P. Sherkow
ISBN : 9780765708632
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 41. 73 MB
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Autism Spectrum Disorder: Perspectives from Psychoanalysis is written by practicing child psychoanalysts with extensive experience treating children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and uneven development. The authors bridge the gap between a psychodynamic approach to ASD and burgeoning data from the fields of neurobiology and neurofunction. Based on current research showing neuroplasticity of the brain, the authors posit that treating ASD through intensive engagement of caregiver and child makes possible the successful psychoanalytic treatment of a neurobiological disorder. To this end, the authors examine both the clinical dynamics of their treatments and the possible impact of the treatment on neurobiological processes. Detailed case studies of children treated by the authors comprise the heart of the book. The cases emphasize the importance of engaging these young children intensively with the social world, first of their caregivers and then their peers, while also helping child and caregiver make sense of the child’s “nonsense” behavior through insight into their inner worlds. The authors explain how and why such treatment works through examining the processes by which infant and caregiver learn to know each other and how a baby comes to know the world. This approach emphasizes the intimate connection between infant and caregiver in forming the emotional, cognitive, attentional, and interpersonal experiences that give a child the ability to make meaning and grow. In addition, this volume presents a selective summary of the neurobiological research in the area of ASD to provide the reader with the related neurobiological and psychological factors. This underscores the thesis that ASD is a potentially reversible neurodevelopmental disorder with experiential and psychological consequences, and lays groundwork for an integrated treatment approach with psychoanalysis at its core.

The Neuroscience Of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Author : Joseph D. Buxbaum
ISBN : 9780123919243
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90. 79 MB
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Autism is no longer considered a rare disease, and the Center for Disease Control now estimates that upwards of 730,000 children in the US struggle with this isolating brain disorder. New research is leading to greater understanding of and ability to treat the disorder at an earlier age. It is hoped that further genetic and imaging studies will lead to biologically based diagnostic techniques that could help speed detection and allow early, more effective intervention. Edited by two leaders in the field, this volume offers a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings of the neuroscience behind autism of the past 20 years. With chapters authored by experts in each topic, the volume explores etiology, neuropathology, imaging, and pathways/models. Offering a broad background of ASDs with a unique focus on neurobiology, the volume offers more than the others on the market with a strictly clinical focus or a single authored perspective that fails to offer expert, comprehensive coverage. Researchers and graduate students alike with an interest in developmental disorders and autism will benefit, as will autism specialists across psychology and medicine looking to expand their expertise. *Uniquely explores ASDs from a neurobiological angle, looking to uncover the molecular/cellular basis rather than to merely catalog the commonly used behavioral interventions *Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for neurodevelopmental disorder researchers and autism specialists *Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe - the broadest, most expert coverage available

The Disintegrating Self

Author : Phil Mollon
ISBN : 9781782202103
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 72. 39 MB
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Conditions such as ADHD and autistic spectrum traits are increasingly recognised amongst children, but the problems that such people face as adults are less commonly appreciated. Many clients present with traits of ADHD and the autistic spectrum (these often occurring together) but such characteristics may not be recognised by psychotherapists, psychologists, counsellors or psychiatrists. As a result, the clients are not given the understanding or assistance they need and deserve. Much time and effort may be wasted on a spurious search for psychodynamic reasons for problems that are essentially rooted in neurobiology. Another frequent and adverse outcome is the relegation of the client to a diagnosis of ‘borderline personality disorder’. This book outlines what happens in the brain of the person with ADHD, how this affects behaviour, emotion, thought processes, and regulation of impulses – and how these affect other people. Those with ADHD are often driven to be argumentative, are prone to depression, anxiety, sensation-seeking and addictions. Such traits are not entirely psychodynamically driven but reflect the insufficiently aroused brain seeking stimulation, novelty, and pleasure. The picture presented by people with ADHD of their childhood or current environment may express honestly held but extremely subjective perceptions that are distorted by their own brain states and challenging behaviours. Several other conditions that are frequently missed by psychotherapists are also addressed. The ‘porous personality’ and the ‘prey-predator dynamic’, which play a significant role in recurrent self-harm, are described for the first time.

Encyclopedia Of The Neurological Sciences

Author :
ISBN : 9780123851581
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 29 MB
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The Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences, Second Edition develops from the first edition, covering all areas of neurological sciences through over 1000 entries focused on a wide variety of topics in neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry and other related areas of neuroscience. The contributing authors represent all aspects of neurology from many viewpoints and disciplines to provide a complete overview of the field. Entries are designed to be understandable without detailed background knowledge in the subject matter, and cross-referencing and suggested further reading lead the reader from a basic knowledge of the subject to more advanced understanding. The easy-to-use 'encyclopedic-dictionary' format of the Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences, Second Edition features alphabetic entries, extensive cross-referencing, and a thorough index for quick reference. The wealth of information provided by these four volumes makes this reference work a trusted source of valuable information for a wide range of researchers, from undergraduate students to academic researchers. Provides comprehensive coverage of the field of neurological science in over 1,000 entries in 4 volumes "Encyclopedic-dictionary" format provides for concise, readable entries and easy searching Presents complete, up-to-date information on 32 separate areas of neurology Entries are supplemented with extensive cross-referencing, useful references to primary research articles, and an extensive index

Companion To Psychiatric Studies

Author : Eve C. Johnstone
ISBN : 0443072639
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87. 73 MB
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This comprehensive and authoritative resource thoroughly covers the basic science of psychiatry as well as its clinical practice. It succinctly presents all of the information needed for psychiatric certification. The 7th Edition features a new soft-cover binding and a more user-friendly format, as well as an increased focus on evidence-based medicine. Offers a new, more economical soft-cover format. Features more concise paragraphs and summary boxes for easier reference. Reintroduces chapters on psychology and sociology that were left out of the last edition, providing a useful summary of these important components of the psychiatric knowledge base. Provides an increased emphasis on evidence-based medicine. Covers basic sciences such as functional neuroanatomy and genetics as well as the diagnosis and treatment of a full range of psychiatric disorders.

The Master And His Emissary

Author : Iain McGilchrist
ISBN : 9780300170177
Genre : History
File Size : 82. 3 MB
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Why is the brain divided? The difference between right and left hemispheres has been puzzled over for centuries. In a book of unprecedented scope, Iain McGilchrist draws on a vast body of recent brain research, illustrated with case histories, to reveal that the difference is profound—not just this or that function, but two whole, coherent, but incompatible ways of experiencing the world. The left hemisphere is detail oriented, prefers mechanisms to living things, and is inclined to self-interest, where the right hemisphere has greater breadth, flexibility, and generosity. This division helps explain the origins of music and language, and casts new light on the history of philosophy, as well as on some mental illnesses. In the second part of the book, McGilchrist takes the reader on a journey through the history of Western culture, illustrating the tension between these two worlds as revealed in the thought and belief of thinkers and artists, from Aeschylus to Magritte. He argues that, despite its inferior grasp of reality, the left hemisphere is increasingly taking precedence in the modern world, with potentially disastrous consequences. This is truly a tour de force that should excite interest in a wide readership.

Zero Degrees Of Empathy

Author : Simon Baron-Cohen
ISBN : 9780718193348
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 75. 48 MB
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Simon Baron-Cohen, expert in autism and developmental psychopathology, has always wanted to isolate and understand the factors that cause people to treat others as if they were mere objects. In this book he proposes a radical shift, turning the focus away from evil and on to the central factor, empathy. Unlike the concept of evil, he argues, empathy has real explanatory power. Putting empathy under the microscope he explores four new ideas: firstly, that we all lie somewhere on an empathy spectrum, from high to low, from six degrees to zero degrees. Secondly that, deep within the brain lies the 'empathy circuit'. How this circuit functions determines where we lie on the empathy spectrum. Thirdly, that empathy is not only something we learn but that there are also genes associated with empathy. And fourthly, while a lack of empathy leads to mostly negative results, is it always negative? Full of original research, Zero Degrees of Empathy presents a new way of understanding what it is that leads individuals down negative paths, and challenges all of us to consider replacing the idea of evil with the idea of empathy-erosion.

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