an etymological dictionary of persian english and other indo european languages etymological charts

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An Etymological Dictionary Of Persian English And Other Indo European Languages

Author : Dr. Ali Nourai
ISBN : 9781479785476
Genre : Reference
File Size : 46. 45 MB
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Tracing words to their origins opens a new window to human civilization and culture and helps us understand the roots of some of our present social trends and attitudes. For example, the etymology of words for family members clearly shows the division of responsibilities in the most basic unit of society - the family. Father was the “protector” of the family (Pa: protect), mother was the “feeder”(Ma: breast), brother was the load “carrier” (Bher: carry) and daughter was the “milker” (Dhugh: to milk). If one makes the effort to read beyond the shallow shell of sounds and symbols, one can recognize our human oneness portrayed in our words and their historical roots. The primary motivation for writing this dictionary is the hope that it would foster a greater appreciation for the commonality in the apparent variance among different languages and cultures, and ultimately nurture a greater understanding among those who speak apparently different languages. In tracing any Persian word to its origins, its cognates in other Indo-European languages must be considered. In this dictionary, English cognates are regularly referred to along with some other Indo-European equivalents. Altogether, over 1,600 roots and 17,400 derived words are presented in this dictionary. One of the most unique features of this dictionary is its graphical presentation of etymological data, similar to a family tree. The derivations of words are indicated with arrows rather than lengthy text. The arrows greatly simplify the process of tracing words to their roots.

Etymological Dictionary Of Persian

Author : Garnik Asatrian
ISBN : 9004183418
Genre : Reference
File Size : 52. 68 MB
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The Etymological Dictionary of Persian is the most comprehensive and up-to-date work in the field of New Persian historical lexicology and etymology. It synthesizes the achievements of Iranian, and Indo-European, comparative linguistics over the last century with regard to the study of the inherited lexicon of Persian and includes the principal vocabulary of Persian.

The Academy And Literature

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015018430952
Genre :
File Size : 33. 63 MB
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Russian Etymological Dictionary

Author : Terence R. Wade
ISBN : UCSC:32106012728470
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 67. 54 MB
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Designed to be user-friendly, facilitating the task of learning vocabulary and raising the language awareness of students

English Words

Author : Donka Minkova
ISBN : 9780521882583
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 20. 89 MB
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A new edition of this textbook discusses the learned vocabulary of English - the words borrowed from the classical languages.

Basic Persian

Author : Saeed Yousef
ISBN : 9781136283888
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 63. 13 MB
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Basic Persian: A Grammar and Workbook comprises an accessible reference grammar and related exercises in a single volume. This book presents twenty grammar units, covering the core material which students would expect to encounter in their first year of learning Persian. Grammar points are followed by multiple examples and exercises which allow students to reinforce and consolidate their learning. Key features include: Clear, accessible format Many useful language examples Jargon-free explanations of grammar Abundant exercises with full answer key A glossary of Persian-English terms Subject index Rigorous yet engaging, Basic Persian is suitable for both class use and independent study, making it an ideal grammar reference and practiceresource for beginners and students with some knowledge of the language.

Comparative Indo European Linguistics

Author : Robert Stephen Paul Beekes
ISBN : 9789027211859
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 67. 47 MB
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This book gives a comprehensive introduction to Comparative Indo-European Linguistics. It starts with a presentation of the languages of the family (from English and the other Germanic languages, the Celtic and Slavic languages, Latin, Greek and Sanskrit through Armenian and Albanian) and a discussion of the culture and origin of the Indo-Europeans, the speakers of the Indo-European proto-language.The reader is introduced into the nature of language change and the methods of reconstruction of older language stages, with many examples (from the Indo-European languages). A full description is given of the sound changes, which makes it possible to follow the origin of the different Indo-European languages step by step. This is followed by a discussion of the development of all the morphological categories of Proto-Indo-European. The book presents the latest in scholarly insights, like the laryngeal and glottalic theory, the accentuation, the ablaut patterns, and these are systematically integrated into the treatment. The text of this second edition has been corrected and updated by Michiel de Vaan. Sixty-six new exercises enable the student to practice the reconstruction of PIE phonology and morphology.

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